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T-45 Intermediate > FAMS > Flashcards

Flashcards in FAMS Deck (115):
1

Level Off Checks

report Altitude, heading, airspeed

2

visual cues, 30 deg AoB

glare sheild parallel to horizon

3

visual cues, 45 deg AoB

HUD top notch parallel to horizon

4

visual cue, 60 deg AoB

HUD bottom notch perpendicular to horizon

5

Slow flight

  • Break
    • Idle/boards
  • 200kts -> gear / FULL flaps
  • approaching 120kts -> 90-94% (for 17 units)
  • Landing Checks + AoA Airspeed check
  • 30° AoB turn, 90° heading change
    • reverse to original
  • Descend 500' at 500fpm 
    • requies ~5% power reduction

 

  • 30° AoB turn, 90° heading change
    • reverse to original

 

  • Climb 500' at 500fpm 
    • requies ~5% power addition
    • lead level by 50'
  • MRT/Boards in
    • gear up
    • flaps at 140
    • accelerate to 250 kias

 

 

 

6

Break Stall

  • 300 Kts
  • 70-80 deg AoB
  • Idle/boards
  • at 220 kts, increase backstick until stall

 

  • Recovery:
    • Decrease backstick
    • MRT/Boards
    • Wings level
  • complete with wings level, 150 kias

7

Power Off Stall

  • Start above 12,000 (CLEAN)
  • IDLE
  • Hold for 180kts, trim for 180kt descent
  • Hold THROUGH shakers to stall

Recovery:

  • lower nose slightly below 180kt descent attitude
  • complete when re-established 180kt descent

8

Landing Attitude Maneuver

  • Dirty, On-speed (including boards)
  • Idle
  • Slow to SHAKERS (do not trim into stall

RECOVERY:

  • MRT, Boards IN
  • hold nose attitude, fly out of shakers
  • complete when 2 positive rates

9

Landing attitude Stall

  • Dirty, on speed (boards out)
  • Wings level, power IDLE
  • hold THROUGH shakers to dropoff or 30 units

RECOVERY:

  • relax nose attitude
  • MRT/Boards IN
  • 24 units AoA
  • complete with 2 positive rates

10

Approach Turn Stall

  • Dirty/On speed (boards out)
  • 25º AoB
  • IDLE, hold altitude
  • hold for dropoff OR 30 units

Recovery:

  • relax nose
  • wings level
  • MRT/Boards
  • 24 units

Complete when on speed, wings level, 2 positive rates.

11

Stall series

  • Break turn
  • power off

 

  • landing attitude maneuver
  • landing attitude stall
  • approach turn stall

12

Accelerated Stall

  • 280 kts, set rpm to maintain
  • roll into 70°-80° AoB
  • pull backstick until stall
    • (pitch buck, wing drop, or full backstick)

Recovery:

  • release pressure
  • MRT/Boards IN
  • Wings Level

complete when wings level, level attitude. 

13

Unusual Attitude Recovery

Nose High

>150kts

  • MRT Boards
  • Roll inverted
  • Pull nose through horizon
    • DNE 17 units
  • at 150kts, roll upright for level flight.

14

Unusual Attitude Recovery

Nose High

<150

upright

 

  • MRT/Boards in
  • Neutral aileron/rudder
  • push nose 5-10 units AoA
  • when nose through horizon, >150 kts return to level flight

15

Unusual Attitude Recovery

Nose High

<150

inverted

  • pull nose towards horizon
    • DNE 17 units
  • hold for 150 kts
  • Roll shortest direction upright

 

16

Unusual Attitude Recovery

Nose Low

  • Avoid rolling pullout
  • >150kts, IDLE
  • level wings
  • pull, DNE 17 units or G limits

17

Vertical Recovery

  • 280 kts
  • 4G pull to 60° nose high
  • at 180 kts:
    • MRT, Boards IN
    • PUSH 5-10 units
  • allow nose to fall through horizon
  • 150kts:
    • roll wings level if necessary
    • DNE 17 units

18

If vertical recovery not initiated by 120, or airspeed drops below 85:

  • IDLE/Neutral
  • allow nose to fall through
    • hold nowse low, add power to get 150
  • pullout, DNE 17 units

19

BREAK

  • 70-80° AoB, level
  • IDLE/BOARDS
  • first 2/3 of runway
  • 200kts, gear half flaps

 

  • wings level downwind:
    • set 17 units
    • descend to 600 AGL
    • Crosscheck AoA and Airspeed
  • landing checks prior to abeam

20

Pattern Abeam position

  • 600 AGL
  • on speed
  • 1nm

21

pattern 180 position

  • 600 AGL
  • on speed
  • zero vsi

 

  • 15s past abeam 
    • +/- 1s for every kt of headwind

22

pattern 135 position

onspeed 2-300 fpm

23

pattern 90 position

  • 450 AGL
  • on speed
  • 5-700 fpm

24

pattern 45 position

325-375 AGL, on speed, 500-700 fpm

25

abeam call

"Hawk_XXX,  abeam, gear, touch and go"

26

Ball call

"303, goshawk, ball, Fuel"

27

lost sight of ball call

"CLARA"

28

Pattern No Flap transition:

  • Transition on UPWIND leg
    • 140 kts 500AGL
  • 170kts, 25°AoB
  • abeam is 1.8-2.0 nm

 

  • 180:
    • 30° AoB level on speed turn
    • intercept glideslope on extended centerline
  • fly to "in-close" then flare to not exceed 600 fpm
    • touchdown prior to arresting gear
    • (simulating HYD1 fail)

29

Waveoff

  • MRT/Boards IN
  • Level Wings
  • 17 Units
  • 2 positive rates, 300 AGL, turn parallel to runway

30

Crosswind correction

  • Crab
  • take out crab with rudder 
    • (hold wings level)
  • neutralize rudder just prior to touchdown

31

Required for downwind turn

130kts (half flaps)

160kts (no flaps)

300 AGL

32

Touch and Go interval

traffic from break

30° fwd of wing on downwind from break

33

Touch and Go Interval

Traffic on downwind, dirty

10° Fwd of wing

34

Roll+Go

Full Flap

  • Retard power to GROUND idle, AFTER touchdown
  • Longitudinal stick at approach setting, or slightly FWD of it. 
  • 100kts or 4 board
    • MRT, Boards IN
  • 5kts prior to liftoff, rotate.

35

Roll+Go

No Flap

  • Retard power to GROUND idle, AFTER touchdown
  • Longitudinal stick at approach setting, or slightly FWD of it. 
  • 140kts or 6 board
  • MRT, Boards IN
  • 5kts prior to liftoff, rotate.

 

36

Transition from no flap pass to Full flap pass

  • >300 AGL, lower flaps
  • slow to 130kts PRIOR to turning downwind

37

Overhead Initial

2,500' MSL @ 5mi

38

low initial 

1,100MSL / 5 miles

39

short initial

1,100' MSL / 3 mi

40

High-break

1,100 MSL (1050 AGL)

41

Carrier Break

850 MSL (800 AGL)

42

VFR Straight-IN

(IN-FLIGHT GUIDE)

  • Report 5nm (not DME) / 1,000' MSL
  • descend as appropriate for glideslope
  • be configured by 5nm

43

Downwind entry

(IN FLIGHT GUIDE)

  • approach at 1,100' MSL (1050 AGL) by 5nm out
    • also be at or below 200kias
  • enter 45° off heading
  • gear and flaps prior to downwind
  • established downwind, (dirty) descend to pattern altitude.

44

precautionary approach power setting

  • 80% until on final to begin flare
  • dont forget ground IDLE

 

  • Do NOT rotate to flyaway attitude until flying speed AND 100% RPM again

45

Straight in Precautionary Approach

  • 80%
  • 5nm / 5,000' AGL
    • gear, 1/2 flaps
  • 175 kias, ~3,000 fpm
  • Checkpoints
    • 4nm / 4,000 AGL
    • 3nm / 3,000 AGL
    • 2nm / 2,000 AGL
    • 1.5 / 1,500 AGL:
      • nose up, flaps down
      • boards in
      • 165 kias
  • Brakes as required to control descent
  • Do NOT go below 160 until flare at touchdown
  • IDLE, DNE 17 units
  • touchdown in first 1/3 of runway

46

depart and re-enter

When cleared - switch arrival, climb 1,500'

turn n.e.t. 2 nm and 1,500' (or as assigned)

enter low initial unless directed otherwise.

(Stay clear of Kingsville)

47

exhaust danger area, idle 

40'

48

exhaust danger area, MRT

100'

49

If EMER GEAR handle is not fully stowed...

nose wheel steering authority may be diminished.

50

Begin rotation...

5-10 kts prior to predicted takeoff airspeed.

51

normal takeoff, call to raise gear when:

safely airborne 

52

normal takeoff, call to raise flaps when:

140 kias.

53

MARSA

"Military Authority Assumes Responsibility for Separation of Aircraft"

 

When operating VFR in MOA, there is no radar separation of aircraft. 

54

Speed brakes will not fully extend:

above 340 KIAS

However, they can be operated without restrictions throughout the entire flight envelope

55

speed brake extension causes pitch ____.

UP.

56

SBI counters:

pitch transients during speed brake operation.

57

Break Turn Stall entry Speed:

300 KIAS

58

For Power Off Stall, establish ____ KIAS glide. 

180 KIAS (idle, clean)

59

Stall recovery

  • [right hand, left hand]
  • (level wings)
  • MRT/BOARDS IN
  • 24 UNITS AoA

 

complete with two positive rates (altimeter and vsi)

60

Stall recovery is complete when:

Positive rates on VSI and Altimeter. 

61

For Landing Attitude Stall and Approach Turn Stall, Initiate  recovery at:

first indication of stall (wing drop off), or 30 Units AoA

62

Accelerated Stall Entry Speed

280 kias

63

Vertical recovery entry speed.

280 KIAS

64

Initiate vertical recovery recovery

180 KIAS

 

MRT / Boards in, Push 5-10 units AoA

65

indications of compressor stall

  • pop, bang, buzzing,
  • rising EGT/Drop in RPM

66

Entry Speed / power

Aileron Roll

300 KIAS

89%

67

Wingovers are done in sets of:

2

68

Full stop always to:

Centerline/

69

Entry airspeed / power setting:

Wingover

300 KIAS

89%

70

Wingover, 45° Checkpoint

45 Pitch up, 

45 heading change

45 AoB

71

Wingover, 90° checkpoint:

90° Heading change

90° AoB

150-170 KIAS

72

Entry Airspeed / Power setting,

Barrel Roll:

350 KIAS

92%

73

45° Checkpoint, Barrel Roll:

45° Heading change

90° AoB

 

74

90° checkpoint, Barrel Roll

90° heading change

170-190 KIAS

Inverted, wings level

75

All overhead Maneuvers Require ______ ft of Altitude to complete.

7,000'

 

(approx 6,000' in reality, we require 8,000' clear airspace)

76

Entry Airspeed/power setting, Loop

380KIAS

96% N2

77

"Over the top" airspeed, Loop

150 KIAS

78

Half Cuban,

Roll upright when:

45° nose low

("feet hit horizon")

79

Half Cuban, Hood's level off technique

hold 45° until 310 kts, then start level-off

80

Entry Speed / Power Setting:

Immelmann 

380 KIAS

96%

81

Roll upright in the Immelmann when:

10 Degrees above the horizon inverted

(when canopy bow on the horizon)

82

Start Split-S above what altitude for Kingsville MOA's?

17,000' to stay in Area

83

Will lose as much as _____ft in Split-S

6,000'

84

Split-S Entry Airspeed / Power

180 KIAS

IDLE

85

Do Not start Squirrel Cage above:

14,000'

86

Squirrel Cage Typically Started at _____ft.

12,000'

(probability of overall climb)

87

Squirrel Cage:

Loop

1/2 Cuban

Immelmann

Split S

88

Pull profile for Loop 

(and all overhead maneuvers)

4G (over 2s) until 17 units

hold 17 Units until 4G

 

89

Loop, Airpseed over the top

150kts

90

break interval 

aircraft immediately ahead of you is

30° aft if DIRTY

10°-30° if also executing break

91

No-Flap/Slat Abeam distance:

1.8-2.0

92

No-Flap/Slat pattern is flown without ____.

Speedbrakes, to simulate HYD1 Failure. 

93

No-Flap/Slat pattern is flown to runway:

centerline

94

Pattern No-Flap Transition:

Upwind leg

>140 KIAS

>500 AGL

 

95

No-Flap pattern crosswind turn above:

160 KIAS, 500' AGL

or as directed by tower

96

No-Flap/Slat crosswind turn:

170 KIAS

25° AoB

97

No-Flap/Slat approach turn

Level turn until the 90.

98

No-Flap/Slat final / landing:

Fly Ball to the in-close position.

Flare in close to not exceed 600fpm

Goal is to land prior to the gear. 

99

Over/undershooting X-wind neumonic

BRU

Bigger #

Right (from)

Undershooting

 

SLO

Smaller #

Left (from)

Overshooting

 

100

Overshooting crosswind requires:

Increase in AoB during approach turn,

Slight increase in RoD.

101

Undershooting crosswind requires:

Reduced (shallow) AoB during approach turn.

Slightly reduced RoD. 

102

Fresnel Lense Glideslope:

3.5° glideslope

103

Fresnel Lense Glideslope "window"

3/4 of a degree above/below 3.5° glideslope. 

104

For a roll and go, ensure throttle is at:

Ground Idle.

105

For Crosswind landing:

remove crab with rudder

apply aileron to maintain wings level.

Neutralize rudder just prior to touchdown. 

 

106

Pattern interval: (break traffic)

30° forward of wing

107

Pattern interval: (dirty traffic)

10° Forward of wing

108

For pattern No-flap, descend no lower than:

300' without a ball. 

109

High-Key (overhead)

  • 80% N2
  • 200 KIAS
  • 5,000 AGL
  • 90° to runway
  • 4,000' down runway

110

High-Key ACTIONS (overhead)

  • gear and HALF flaps
  • 3 second pause, then
    • 4,700'
    • boards out
    • 25-35 AoB
    • maintain 175 KIAS

111

LOW KEY  

  • 3,000 AGL
  • 175 KIAS
  • 3,300 fpm RoD
  • 1.5 Abeam
  • 1,750 downwin from end of runway
  • 35° AoB

112

Precationary Approach 90° Position

  • 1,500' AGL
  • 175 KIAS (slowing to 165)
  • 35° AoB

113

Precationary Approach 45° Position

  • 1,000' AGL
  • 165 KIAS (slowing 160)
  • May go FULL flaps with runway made
  • AoB 25°

114

Start flare for precautionary approach:

  • 300' AGL
  • 145 KIAS min to go to IDLE

115