Fantasy, Pretense, and the Imagination Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > Fantasy, Pretense, and the Imagination > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fantasy, Pretense, and the Imagination Deck (18)
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1

When do children generally know that they are pretending?

Around age 2.5-3.

2

When is the most rapid growth of pretend play?

Between 1 and 3 years.

3

What is early pretense like?

Objects have to be the same or very similar to the real object.

4

How do pretense around object develop?

With age, children substitute object to symbolize the actual object and eventually no object is needed.

5

By what age can children follow a causal chain and fill in the final steps?

By age 2.

6

What three main factors are linked to pretense?

1. Theory of mind. 2. General cognitive functioning. 3. Social Skills.

7

Do children tend to transfer things they learn in pretend situations to the real world?

No.

8

Why is theory of mind linked to pretense?

It allows for perspective taking.

9

What percent of children 3-8 report having an imaginary companion?

63%.

10

Are imaginary companions even present in cultures where those kinds of beliefs are discouraged?

Yes.

11

What is imagination related to? (4)

1. Older child. 2. Only child. 3. Doesn't watch TV. 4. Less shy and more expressive and positive with friends.

12

What is a paracosm?

Extremely detailed imaginary worlds created in one's head.

13

What are the two main types of imaginary friends?

1. Object. 2. Imaginary.

14

Children tend to have what kind of relationship with imaginary friends (imaginary type)?

More like friendship.

15

Children tend to have what kind of relationships with imaginary friends (object type)?

More like parent-child relationship.

16

How did Piaget think about magical thinking?

As illogical thinking.

17

When do children tend to use magic?

When something breaks their causal model.

18

When do children begin to use "trick" explanations?

Around age 5.