Fats and Proteins Flashcards Preview

Jonathan's Metabolism > Fats and Proteins > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fats and Proteins Deck (14):
1

Which product of glycolysis can go on to form fatty acids?

acetyl CoA

2

Can you make glucose from lipids?

Yes, you can make it from glycerol, but not the fatty acid

3

How much fat and protein are usually stored in a 70kg male?

12 kg of each

4

T/F digested fat first gets processed by the liver

No, it can directly enter the circulation as chylomicrons travels in lymph

5

What is the function of adipocyte?

it's inert, so usually only for insulation, but it also secrets leptin

6

How does fatty acid travel around the body?

carried by albumin

7

What is the function of carnitine?

transport fatty acetyl Coa into mitochondria for oxidation

8

Carnitine limits which pathway

beta-oxidation

9

What is the product of beta-oxidation?

acetyl CoA

10

What is the content of ketone bodies?

acetoacetate
beta-hydroxybutyrate
acetone

11

How much protein do we lose per day?

60g from secretory enzyme and sloughed gut cell protein

12

How can a corn diet make you sick?

it lacks niacin and tryptophan

13

Why is bread sweeter when toasted?

It undergoes Maillard reaction, breaking protein into glucose

14

What is the function of alanine cycle?

transport excess nitrogen to liver and kidneys

urea cycle is only highly active in liver