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Flashcards in Federalism Vocab Deck (17)
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Federalism

Government authority shared by national and local governments

1

Unitary system

Power is centralized. State or regional governments derive authority from a central government

2

Federal system

Power is divided between central and state or local governments

3

Confederate system

Power is held by independent states

4

Necessary and proper clause

Section of the constitution allowing congress to pass all laws necessary and proper to its duties, and which has permitted congress to exercise powers not specifically given to it by the constitution

5

Nullification

The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that in the states opinion violates the constitution.

6

Dual federalism

Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in its sphere, the states are supreme in theirs, and the two spheres should be kept separate.

7

Police power

State power to enact laws promoting health, safely, and morals.

8

Initiative

Process that permits voters to put legislative measure directly on a ballot.

9

Referendum

Procedure enabling voters to reject a measure passed by the legislature.

10

Recall

Procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office.

11

Grants in aid

Money given by the national government to the states.

12

Categorical grants

Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport.

13

Conditions of aid

Terms set by the national government that states must meet if they ate to receive certain federal funds.

14

Mandates

Terms set by the national government that states must meet whether or not they accept federal grants.

15

Waiver

A decision by an administrative agency granting some other part permission to violate a law or rule that would otherwise apply to it.

16

Devolution

An effort which aimed to pass on to the states many federal functions.