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Flashcards in Female Reproductive Meaning Deck (46):
1

absence of menstruation

amenorrhea

2

tilting forward of an organ(e.g., the uterus from its usual position)

anteversion

3

Infection, usually of the vagina, by a species of candida (a fungus), resulting in itching and a white discharge; also called monialiasis or yeast infection

candidiasis

4

Inflammation of the cervix usually due to infection

cervicitis

5

Infection; usually of the vagina and cervix, by Chlamydia trachomatis; one of several common sexually transmitted diseases

chlamydia

6

Pain associated with menstruation

dysmenorrhea

7

Growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus

endometriosis

8

The presence of one or more fibrous cysts in the breast

Fibrocystic breast disease

9

Cyst caused by blockage of a milk duct in the breast

galactocele

10

Soft growth ( wart) occurring in the areas of the vagina and anus; caused by a sexually transmitted virus; also called condyloma acuminatum

Genital wart

11

Infection, usually of the cervix by Neisseria gonorrhoeae resulting in pain and vaginal of cervical discharge; one of several common sexually transmitted diseases

gonorrhea

12

Infection of the skin mucous membranes of the genitals by herpes simplex virus; usually transmitted by sexual contact

Herpes genitalis

13

benign tumor of the smooth muscle of the uterus; also called fibroids

Leiomyoma uteri

14

discharge of white fluid containing mucus and pus from the vagina

leukorrhea

15

inflammation of the breast, often due to infection

mastitis

16

excessive uterine bleeding during menstruation

menorrhagia

17

unusually light or infrequent menstrual flow

oligomenorrhea

18

Inflammation of one or both ovaries, usually due to infection

oophoritis

19

a fluid like sac in an ovary may be either benign or malignant

Ovarian cyst

20

any inflammation and infection of the female upper reproductive organs (ovaries, fallopian tubes or uterus) also called PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease

21

accumulation of pus in one or both fallopian tubes

pyosalpinx

22

tipping backward of an organ (e.g., the uterus) from its usual position

retroversion

23

Inflammation of one or both fallopian tubes usually due to infection

salpingitis

24

In females, the inability to become pregnant

sterility

25

an infectious, chronic sexually transmitted disease characterized initially be skin lesions followed by flu-like symptoms and eventually serious organ damage

syphilitis

26

serious disease caused by infection by a toxin- producing strain of the bacterium staphylococcus aureus; most commonly seen in young women using highly absorbent tampons during menstruation

Toxic shock syndrome

27

Infection, usually of the vagina, by trichomonas ( a protozoa); often causes vaginitis, urethritis, abd cystisis

trichominiasis

28

Falling or slipping of the uterus from its usual position, as when the uterine ligaments are stretched; most commonly seen in the women who have given birth to several children

Uterine prolapse

29

Inflammation of the vagina, usually due to infection

vaginitis

30

examination of the vagina with a colposcope

colposcopy

31

removal of a cone- shaped tissue sample from the cervix for examination and analysis

conization

32

microscopic examination of a blood or spinal fluid sample to confirm the presence of the syphilis bacterium if the RPR or VDRL test is positive

FTA-ABS test

33

examination of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and other organs in the abdomen using a laparoscope

laparoscopy

34

x-ray recording of the breasts, usually to detect tumors or other abnormal growths

mammography

35

examination of cervical cells and mucus for early detection of cervical cancer, commonly called a pap smear

Papanicolaou test

36

blood test used to determine if an individual is or has been infected with the syphilis bacterium

RPR test

37

blood test used to determine if an individual is or has been infected with the syphilis bacterium

VDRL test

38

surgical procedure in which the cervical canal of the uterus is physically expanded to allow access to the endometrial lining, which is then scraped away for diagnostic or therapeutic [purposes (e.g., to correct heavy or prolonged bleeding or to remove an embryo); commonly called D & C

Dilation and curettage

39

surgical incision in the vulva usually to prevent tearing of the perineum and facilitate delivery during childbirth

episiotomy

40

surgical removal of the uterus; surgery may be transabdominal or vaginal

hysterectomy

41

surgical removal of a tumor from a breast without removing surrounding tissue or lymph nodes

lumpectomy

42

surgical reconstruction of one or both breasts

Mammoplasty

43

surgical removal of part (simple mastectomy) of all (radical mastectomy) of the breast and surrounding tissue

mastectomy

44

surgical removal of one or both ovaries; if both ovaries and both fallopian tubes are removed, the procedure is called a bilateral salpingophorectomy or BSO

oophorectomy

45

surgical removal of one or both fallopian tube

salpingectomy

46

surgical procedure in which the fallopian tubes are ligated (tied closed) in order to prevent pregnancy; a form of sterilization

Tubal ligation