Female Reproductive: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms Flashcards Preview

Med Terms > Female Reproductive: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Reproductive: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms Deck (112):
1

absence of menstruation

amenorrhea

2

absence of ovulation

anovulation

3

painful menstruation

dysmenorrhea

4

painful intercourse (coitus)

dyspareunia

5

abnormal white or yellow vaginal discharge

leukorrhea

6

excessive bleeding at the time of menstruation (menses)

menorrhagia

7

bleeding from the uterus at any time other than normal menstruation

metrorrhagia

8

scanty menstrual period

oligomenorrhea

9

irregular ovulation

oligo-ovulation

10

inflammation of the cervix

cervicitis

11

birth defects causing the abnormal development of a female organ or structure

congenital anomalies

12



congenital tumor composed of displaced embryonic tissue (teeth, bone, cartilage, and hair) more commonly found in an ovary; it is usually benign

dermoid cyst

13

displacement of the uterus from its normal position

displacement of uterus

14

abnormal forward bending of the uterus

anteflexion

15

abnormal backward bending of the uterus

retroflexion

16

backward turn of the whole uterus - also called tipped uterus

retroversion

17

condition characterized by migration of portions of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity

endometriosis

18

inflammation of the endometrium

endometritis

19

benign tumor in the uterus composed of smooth muscle and fibrous connective tissue

fibroid/fibromyoma/leiomyoma

20



abnormal passage such as from one hollow organ to another

fistula

21

abnormal opening between the vagina and rectum

rectovaginal fistula

22

abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina

vesicovaginal fistula

23

abnormal development of cervical tissue cells

cervical neoplasia

24

potentially cancerous abnormality of epithelial tissue of the cervix, graded according to the extent of abnormal cell formation: CIN 1 - mild dysplasia, CIN 2 - moderate dysplasia, CIN 3 - severe dysplasia

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)

25

malignant cell changes of the cervix that are localized without any spread to adjacent structures

carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the cervix

26

cessation of menstrual periods owing to a lack of ovarian hormones

menopause

27

inflammation of one or both ovaries

oophoritis

28

cyst of the fallopian tube

parovarian cyst

29

scarring of tissue within the pelvic cavity as a result of endometriosis, infection, or injury

pelvic adhesions

30

inflammation of organs in the pelvic cavity usually including the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and endometrium - most often caused by bacteria

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

31

relaxation of supportive ligaments of the pelvic organs

pelvic floor relaxation

32

pouching of the bladder into the vagina

cystocele

33

pouching of the rectum into the vagina

rectocele

34

pouching sac of peritoneum between the vagina and rectum

enterocele

35

pouching of the urethra into the vagina

urethrocele

36

descent of the uterus down the vaginal canal

prolapse

37

inflammation of a fallopian tube

salpingitis

38

breaking down or severing of pelvic adhesions

adhesiolysis/adhesiotomy

39

removal of a cone-shaped portion of the cervix

cervical conization

40

suture to repair the vagina

colporrhaphy

41

repair of a cystocele

anterior repair

42

repair of a rectocele

posterior repair

43

anterior and posterior repair of a cystocele and rectocele

A&P repair

44

method of destroying tissue by freezing - used for treating dysplasia and early cancers

cryosurgery

45

aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac (cavity that lies between the rectum and posterior wall of the uterus) - used for diagnosing ectopic pregnancy and pelvic inflammatory disease

culdocentesis

46

dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium to control bleeding, obtain tissue for biopsy, or remove polyps or products of conception

dilation and curettage (D&C)

47

removal of the uterus

hysterectomy

48

removal of the uterus through an incision in the abdomen

abdominal hysterectomy

49

removal of the uterus through the vagina

vaginal hysterectomy

50

removal of the uterus and cervix

total hysterectomy

51

inspection of the abdominal or pelvic cavity with a laparoscope, an endoscope used to examine the abdominal and pelvic regions

laparoscopy

52

surgical procedures within the abdominal or pelvic region using a laparoscope

laparoscopic surgery

53

use of a laser to destroy lesions or dissect or cut tissue - used frequently in gynecology

laser surgery

54

use of electrosurgical or radio waves transformed through a loop-configured electrosurgical device to treat precancerous lesions by simultaneous excisional biopsy and treatment of affected tissue (eg; cervical dysplasia, human papilloma virus lesions); note that transformation zone is the area of the cervix where neoplasia (abnormal cell formation) is most likely to arise

loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)/large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ)

55

excision of fibroid tumors

myomectomy

56

excision of an ovary

oophorectomy

57

excision of an ovarian cyst

ovarian cystectomy

58

excision of a uterine tube

salpingectomy

59

excision of both uterine tubes and ovaries

bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

60

incision into a fallopian tube - often performed to remove an ectopic pregnancy

salpingotomy

61

creation of an opening in the fallopian tube to open a blockage

salpingostomy

62



sterilization of a woman by cutting and tying (ligating) the uterine tubes

tubal ligation

63

excision of a breast tumor without removing any other tissue or lymph nodes; most often followed by radiation and/or chemotherapy if cancerous

lumpectomy

64



removal of a breast

mastectomy

65

removal of an entire breast without underlying muscle and axillary lymph nodes left intact

simple mastectomy

66

removal of an entire breast, underlying chest muscles, and axillary lymph nodes

radical mastectomy

67



removal of an entire breast and axillary lymph nodes

modified radical mastectomy

68

surgical reconstruction of a breast

mammoplasty

69

reconstruction to enlarge the breast, often by insertion of an implant

augmentation mammoplasty

70

reconstruction to remove excessive breast tissue

reduction mammoplasty

71

elevation of pendulous breast tissue

mastopexy

72

pregnant woman

gravida

73

having never been pregnant

nulligravida

74

first pregnancy

primigravida

75

to bear; a woman who has produced one or more viable (live outside the uterus) offspring

para

76

woman who has not borne a child

nullipara

77

first delivery

primipara

78

woman who has given birth to two or more children

multipara

79

progressive obliteration of the endocervical canal during deilvery

cervical effacement

80

expected date for delivery of the baby - normally 280 days or 40 weeks from conception

estimated date of confinement (EDD)/estimated date of delivery (EDD)

81

presence of meconium in amniotic fluid

meconium staining

82

rupture of the amniotic sac, usually at the onset of labor

ruptured membranes

83

large-bodied baby commonly seen in diabetic pregnancies

macrosomia

84

excessive amniotic fluid

polyhydramnios

85

expulsion of the product of conception before the fetus can be viable (live outside the uterus)

abortion (AB)

86

miscarriage; expulsion of products of conception occurring naturally

spontaneous abortion (SAB)

87

spontaneous abortion occurring in three or more consecutive pregnancies

habitual abortion

88

incomplete expulsion of products of conception

incomplete abortion

89

death of a fetus or embryo within the uterus that is not naturally expelled after death

missed abortion

90

bleeding with threat of miscarriage

threatened abortion

91



conditions preventing normal delivery through the birth canal - either the baby's head is too large or the birth canal is too small

cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)

92

true toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, severe headaches, dizziness, convulsions, and coma

eclampsia

93

toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, and puffiness of the face, without convulsion or coma

preeclampsia (pregnancy-induced hypertension - PIH)

94

implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity, often in the tube, ovary, or (rarely) the abdominal cavity

ectopic pregnancy

95



disorder that results from the incompatibility of a fetus with an Rh-positive blood factor and a mother who is Rh negative, causing red blood cell destruction in the fetus - necessitates a blood transfusion to save the fetus

erythroblastosis fetalis

96

presence, or lack, of antigens on the surface of red blood cells that may cause a reaction between the blood of the mother and fetus, resulting in fetal anemia (which causes erythroblastosis fetalis)

Rh factor

97

presence of antigens

Rh positive

98

absence of antigens

Rh negative

99

severe nausea and vomitting in pregnancy that can cause severe dehydration in the mother and fetus

hyperemesis gravidarum

100

fetal aspiration of amniotic fluid containing meconium

meconium aspiration

101

displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower region of the uterine cavity

placenta previa

102

premature detachment of a normally situated placenta

abruptio placentae

103

surgical delivery of a baby by making an incision through the abdomen and into the uterus

cesarean section (C-section)

104

incision of the perineum to facilitate delivery

episiotomy

105

Pap



papanicolaou smear

106

D&C

dilation and curettage

107

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

108

IUD



intrauterine device

109

OCP

oral contraceptive pill

110

EDC



estimated date of confinement

111

GYN



gynecology

112

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease