Feudal system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Feudal system Deck (15):
1

Order of Anglo Saxon feudal system

King
Earl
Thegns
Peasants
Slaves

2

Order of Norman feudal system

King
Baron and bishop
Knights
Peasants
Slaves

3

Describe king on Norman feudal system

Owns 20% of land and at top of system
He lends land to followers, bishops and earls

4

Describe Barons and Bishops on Norman feudal system

Own 55% of land and are powerful
Lend land to knights
In return for land they promised to pay homage to king

5

Describe knight on Norman feudal system

Promised to be loyal to baron or bishop in return for land
Lord of the manor
Granted land to peasants to work on
Controlled day to day life in village

6

Describe peasants on Norman feudal system

Had to obey lord of the manor for land
Gave some crops to lord, worked for no pay some days
Had to have permission to leave land

7

Describe slaves on Norman feudal system

10% of Population
Expensive

8

Describe king on Anglo Saxon feudal system

Owned most of land
Some owned by church

9

Describe earl on Anglo Saxon feudal system

6 major earldoms by 1066
Earls controlled land in return they promised to support king
Shared land with thegns

10

Describe thegns on Anglo Saxon feudal system

Looked after land for earls
They payed 100 shillings to earls and helped them run local courts
Also soldiers

11

Describe cerol peasants on Anglo Saxon feudal system (free)

Worked on thegns land 2 days a week and pay taxes to him
Taxed payed in kind, eg pig

12

Describe villein peasants on Anglo Saxon feudal system (not free)

Few rights
Property of cerols and thegns

13

Describe slaves on Anglo Saxon feudal system

Few rights property of free slaves

14

Similarities between systems

King most powerful (Norman more power)
Thegns and knights both provide military service

15

Differences between systems

Anglo Saxons had earls second but because of the increase in churches and cathedrals, bishops became more important

Norman’s, knights less important, bishops above, but controlled villages