Flashcards in FF102 Clearing, Cross-Check, and Basic Flight Deck (54):
What are the three basic categories of instruments?
control, performance, and navigation
The ___ ___ display immediate attitude and power indications.
The control instruments are the ___ and the ___.
EADI (electronic attitude direction indicator), PEDD (primary engine data display)
___ instruments indicate the actual performance of the aircraft. Indications on these instruments are a result of setting and maintaining specific settings on the ___ instruments.
The basic performance instruments are (3) ___. Other performance instruments that you will bring into your cross-check as you skills improve are (4) ___.
(3) ASI, Altimeter, and VSI (4) AOA, AOA Indexer, Turn and Bank Indicator, and EHSI (electronic horizontal situation indicator)
Pitch and bank control in maintained by reference to the ___.
Power control is maintained by reference to the ___.
An incorrect pitch setting will by noticed on the ___ and ___. The ___ is a trend instrument, and will normally provide the first indication.
VSI, altimeter, VSI
Failure to maintain wings level flight will become apparent on the ___.
An incorrect power setting will normally be seen first on the ___, but will also be seen on the ___ and ___ if left uncorrected.
ASI, VSI, altimeter
What are the procedural steps for the control and performance concept?
Establish (set and maintain an attitude and power setting on the control instruments), trim, cross-check (ensure attitude and power settings are giving you the desired aircraft performance), adjust (attitude and/or power setting)
With the ___ ___ ___ method of cross-check, you spend most of your time referencing the EADI, and you cross-check one performance instrument at a time.
hub and spoke method
During turns, the ___ is important ot cross-check for you lead point and roll out heading.
___ ___ ___ is a two-step process of achieving an attitude by aligning part of the aircraft with a landmark/feature in the environment (horizon) and verifying that the aircraft has attained the desired position by cross-checking performance instruments.
Looking at the ___ outside makes a heading change easier to see than looking inside at the ___.
basic aircraft control is maintained by setting your attitude reference for what you think is level flight, and then ___ ___ your ___ instruments to ensure you are straight and level.
If you fly a ___ ___, a crosswind will blow you laterally across the ground.
If you ignore the wind and continually fly to your point or landmark, you will not fly a straight path. Groundtrack will curve due to the wind and the corrections you must make to fly to your point. This is called ___.
___ is when you adjust your heading into the wind so you fly a straight groundtrack.
As a general rule, if you are flying 200 KIAS, _ of crab is required for approximately _ knots of crosswind.
1 degree, 3
A heading deviation is caused by not...
keeping your wings level, keeping the turn and bank ball centered.
If you notice a heading deviation, first ___ ___ ___ then check the ___ for the required correction.
level the wings, EHSI
How do you correct for a heading deviation of less than 30 degrees?
correct using a bank angle equal to the number of degrees off
How do you correct for a heading deviation of greater than 30 degrees?
use 30 degrees of bank to make the correction
If you have an altitude deviation, let the ___ stabilize before attempting to correct. Do not chase the ___.
Airspeed deviations shown up on the ASI are normally caused by...
an incorrect power setting
Set up your altitude corrections using a definite pitch change. For deviations less that 300 feet, use approx. _ of pitch change at cruise airspeeds.
If the airspeed deviation is not accompanied by an altitude deviation, the solution is...
a power change and trim adjustment
If you are slow, select a power setting...
slightly above the power required for level flight (as airspeed approaches your desired airspeed, reduce power)
Good ___ trim technique will help heading control.
In what order should you trim?
Rudder, Elevator, Aileron (REA)
A level 60 degrees turn at 160 KIAS will require approx. ___ torque.
As you roll into a bank, you should smoothly increase back pressure to establish appropriate ___ ___.
To roll out of a turn, start by determining a lead point to begin your roll out on heading. Using ___ your bank angle works well.
For most climbs in the T6 you will use a ___ ___ ___ at __ using maximum power.
constant airspeed climb, 160 KIAS (provides for a good climb rate while allowing improved forward visibility)
For a ___ ___ ___, maintain your airspeed by adjusting pitch. Your power is normally fixed.
constant airspeed descent
In a ___ ___ ___, you will maintain constant airspeed and your descent rate by varying pitch and power.
constant rate descent (ILS)
How do you make smooth, continuous corrections on descent?
PAT (power, attitude, trim)
For constant airspeed climbing turns, your pitch attitude will be ___ than during straight climbs.
For a constant airspeed descending turn, your pitch attitude will be ___ than during a wings level descent.
How do you determine a level off lead point?
10% of your vertical speed
During steep descents (greater than 6 degrees nose low), it's a good idea to...
cut your pitch attitude in half about 1000 ft above your level off altitude
During accelerations, expect to trim ___ and ___; for decelerations, expect ot trim ___ and ___.
left, down; right, up
During power addition, expect to trim ___ and ___; during power reductions, expect to trim ___ and ___,
right, down; left, up
What radio transmissions must be acknowledged?
radio frequency changes, changes in heading, changes in altitude, and changes in altimeter setting
7700, 7600, 7500
emergency, two-way radio failure, hijack notification
The time it takes your eyes to change focus, normally 2-3 seconds.
This is a condition where the eyes, having nothing readily available in the visual field in which to focus, focus automaticlly at about 9 feet.
empty field myopia
Your mind tends to ignore things you don't see with both eyes.
While you can see over a wide range, you can only focus and classify an object in about a 15 degree area.
narrow field of vision
___ creates a situation where empty field myopia is a problem.
___ is a problem on very clear, sunny days or at altitude over a cloud deck.
An airplane is difficult to see against a cluttered background like many different buildings or multi-colored terrain.
lack of contrast