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Flashcards in Field Sanitation Deck (27):
1

What are the 4 types of waste?

Human
Liquid
Garbage
Rubbish

2

What is the water requirement per person, per day in a temperate zone?

5 gallons

3

A latrine can be no closer than what distance to a water source?

100 ft

4

What is Potable water?

Water that is safe to drink

5

What are the measurements of a straddle trench?

1 ft wide, 4 ft long and 2 1/2 ft deep

6

How many gallons of water will a Lister bag hold?

36 gallons

7

How deep is a cat hole?

6 to 12 inches

8

What is a communicable disease?

A disease that ca be transmitted person to person, animal to person and insect to person

9

What are the 5 "F"s of Field Sanitation?

Fingers
Feces
Flies
Foods
Fluids

10

What is the best protection against disease or biological warfare?

Immunization and personal hygiene

11

What Field Manual covers Unit Field Sanitation Team?

FM 4-25.12

12

What Field Manual covers Field Hygiene and Sanitation?

FM 21-10

13


What is Field Sanitation?

The use of measures to create and maintain healthful environmental conditions, these include safeguarding food, safeguarding water, and controlling disease bearing insects and rodents.

14

What is a vector?

Any living organism that can carry a disease-producing virus

15

What is palatable water?

Water that is pleasing to the taste, but which may be unsafe

16

What are the 5 communicable disease grouped by the Army?

Respiratory
Intestinal
Insect borne
Venereal
Miscellaneous

17

What are some diseases carried by the fly?

Typhoid
Cholera
Dysentery

18

What 3 rules apply to water discipline in the field?

Drink only from approved sources
Conserve water
Do not contaminate your sources

19

What are the three most common poison plants?

Poison ivy
Poison oak
Poison sumac

20

Where should the latrine be located in relation to the mess hall?

At least 100 meters downhill or downstream

21

What are some of the diseases carried by the mosquito?

Malaria
Dengue
Yellow Fever
Encephalitis
Filariasis

22

What are some methods for human waste disposal?

Straddle trench
Mound latrine
Burn out latrine
Deep pit
Bore hole latrines
Pail latrines
Urine soak pits

23

How far should garbage pits be located away from the mess area?

30 yards and no closer than 100 ft from any water sources.

24

Enough straddle trenches should be dug to accommodate what percentage of the unit at one time?

8 percent

25

Water that is not properly treated can spread what diseases?

Common diarrhea,
Leptospirosis
Cholera
Dysentery
Bacillary
Typhoid
Paratyphoid fever

26

What are two ways to purify water?

Iodine tablets
Boiling

27

Who gives the final approval on whether water is safe to drink?

Medical personnel