Final Flashcards Preview

Sociology > Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Deck (38):
1

Conflict Paradigm

Karl Marx. All groups struggle to maximize benefits. Unequal distribution of opportunity and advantage

2

Symbolic Interactionist Paradigm

Herbert Blumer+ Mead.Focus on symbols. Words, gestures, signals

3

Functionalist Paradigm

Major Institutions work together to maintain society. Associated with Emile Durkheim. Division of labor is key

4

Cultural Relativism

How to overcome ethnocentrism

5

Ethnocentrism

Judging others for their customs and norms

6

Culture Shock

Culture shock is the personal disorientation a person may feel when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life due to immigration or a visit to a new country

7

Mills

Came up with the sociological imagination. Also she distinguished between private + public issues. Private troubles only result in social policy when they become social issues. Ex. Homelessness

8

Karl Marx

Said all social order is produced in the struggle. Came up with false consciousness. Also came up with prolet./bourg.

9

Proletariate

The workers/laborers

10

Bourgeoisie

The wealthy who owns companies

11

False Consciousness

People in working class dont realize they are be exploited by upper class.

12

Marx Weber

Argues more than just economics for conflict. Depends on wealth, prestige and power

13

Wealth

Money

14

Prestige

Social status in the hierarchy

15

Power

Social/political influence on others

16

Emile Durkheim

Came up with mechanical/organic. Durkheims anomie. Collective Consciousness

17

Mechanical

Simple "traditional" socieites

18

Organic

Specialization of jobs

19

Durkheims Anomie

a condition of deregulation that was occuring in society. This meant that rules on how people ought to behave with each other were breaking down and thus people did not know what to expect from one another.

20

Collective Conscience

is the set of shared beliefs, ideas and moral attitudes which operate as a unifying force within society

21

Manifest Function

Robert Merton. Intended consequences of a social behavior

22

Latent Functions

Robert Merton. Unexpected consequences.

23

Folkways

Everyday socially approved behavior

24

Mores

Mores are norms based on definitions of right and wrong. People feel strongly about them and violating them typically results in disapproval.

25

Taboos

a norm that society holds so strongly that violating it results in extreme disgust.

26

Ascribed Status

A status that you were born with

27

Achieved Status

A status that you have worked to have

28

Master Status

is the social position which is the primary identifying characteristic of an individual. Such as race, ethnicity, or sex

29

Primary Groups

Smaller groups with long term and high demands. Thought of as most important by Cooley

30

Secondary Groups

Tends to be a means to an end relationship with a bigger group and short term

31

Role Strain

Role strain can occur when the role you are fulfilling places too many demands on you.

32

Role Conflict

When two jobs interfere with each other such as a judge and a daughter

33

Intragenerational mobility

changes of social status over lifetime

34

Intergenerational mobility

The kids do better then the adults

35

Vertical Mobility

Rags to riches. Riches to rags

36

Horizontal Mobility

Teacher to teacher. moving within same status

37

Cooleys Loocking glass self

The self is the product of social interactions with other people. We learned who we are by interacting with others

38

Prejudice V discrimination

Prejudice has to do with the inflexible and irrational attitudes and opinions held by members of one group about another, while discrimination refers to behaviors directed against another group.