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Flashcards in Final Deck (27):
1

Movement of one material through another from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration

Diffusion

2

List six phase changes and give an example of each

Melting – ice melting
Vaporization – boiling water
Sublimation – air freshener
Condensation – ice tea in a glass
Freezing – lake freezing
Deposition – dry ice

3

Only at the surface of liquid

Evaporation

4

Molecule throughout the liquid, have enough energy to vaporize

Boiling

5

Dissolves in Solvent

Solute

6

Being dissolved in

Solvent

7

One chemical dissolved in another

Solution

8

How can the rate of solvation be controlled

Agitation
Temperature
Surface tension

9

What 4 factors determine reaction rate

Nature of reactions

Concentration of reactants

Surface area

Temperature

10

Speeds up a reaction

Catalyst

11

Slows down a reaction

Inhibitor

12

Give three examples of acids

Pop

Stomach

Batteries

13

Give 3 examples of bases

Soap

Medicines

Fertilizers

14

Process in which an acid-baseneutralization reaction is used to determine concentration of the solution

Titration

15

What is organic chemistry

The study of carbon compounds

16

Why was Wohler synthesis of urea such a big deal

He was the first person to create an organic substance

17

Have the same chemical formulas but Adams are bonded in different arrangements

Structural isomers

18

Organic compounds that contain benzene rings as part of their structure

Aromatic compounds

19

The collection of components or fractions of petroleum as they condense at different temperatures

Fractional distillation

20

Bonded to a carbon on one side and hydrogen on the other

Aldehyde

21

What is an ester made from

Alcohol and acid

22

Shows actual number of atoms of each element in one molecule of substance

Molecular formula

23

Shows ratio of different types of Atoms in a compound

Empirical formula

24

Compound with a specific number of H2O molecules bound to it

Hydrate

25

States that if a stress is applied to a system equilibrium, The system shifts in the direction that relieve stress

LeChatliers principle

26

Rate of reaction is equal to the rate of the reverse reaction

Dynamic equilibrium

27

Reactant that is totally consumed during a chemical reaction, limits the extent of the reaction, and determines amount of product

Limiting reactant