Flashcards in Final Deck (40):
equal rights in assembly
all in righteousness
Who was a cradle Calvinist who spent time in the leyden coffee houses, had the genius to be able to make these ideas acceptable to an Anglican and royalist community?
who wrote a letter in 1698 concerning church toleration?
Who was Max Weber?
statesman that focuses too narrowly on ultimate consequences may damage goals and discredit them because responsibility for consequences is lacking,
started the process of increasingly radical democracy
Alexis de toqueville
sought to understand what made the difference between the two revolutions, singled out the Americans faith in a divine moral
Who was the chronicler of the Persian wars?
"father of lies", "father of history"
who was accused of being a philobarbarian?
basically believe that since human annture is the same at all times in all places, we can draw moral about what is likely to happen to us from what our predecessors have thought and done
Who was Henry Kissinger?
scholars vs. statesmen, policymaker has responsibility for the worst that could happen, world of the contingent
What does Socrates say is about justice?
that justice is good, not only for the giver (who is rewarded for his justice) but also for the receiver.
if you are just you are also ____?
How will the frugal state defend itself?
1) it will have trained warriors against an army of rich men, 2) it will never lack allies whom it offer any spoils they may claim, and 3) it need not fear any state or combination of states be-cause it is a true (united) state and they are divided into rich and poor classes and divided from each other.
What does Spengler mean to say that Europe's determination to destroy its Jews was an act of suicide
averred Rosenzweig, to which one might add that Eu-rope's determination to destroy its Jews was not just an act of genocide, but of suicide. European Christianity did not survive the regression back to the blood-line of the nations during the middle of the past century. Only in a new nation [America] conceived in the spirit, that is, in ideas, and free of the taint of pagan birth, could Christianity truly flourish.”
community of blood
Christians are torn between belief in Kingdom of Heaven and their belief in their own blood. It is the Jew, he argued, who converts the inner pagan inside the Christian. Only a "community of blood" provides man with the assurance of immortality, Rosenzweig argued. God's covenant with the physical descendants of Abraham provides such surety to the Jews, and precisely for this reason the Jews provide Christians with proof of God’s promise of a New Covenant.
according to Aristotle what is the aim of politics?
happiness (living well) : the highest good attainable by action
Aristotle identifies three popular ideas of good:
pleasure, honor, and wealth, while the contemplative life is treated later
necessary knowledge (scienda) that statesmanship requires
1. Alfred North Whitehead
2. universal declaration of human rights
1. British Raj
a. Warren Hastings
2. Reflections on the Revolution in France
three men heroes
in charge of financial affairs, originally an investigatory office
Athenian politics became unstable after ____? It was a competition of demagogues.
who wanted peace?
Who caused the Athenian downfall?
Why did Alcibiades cause the Athenian downfall?
1. his connections
2. Sicilian expedition
4. rivalry between Alcibiades and Nicias
Aristotle's four causes
1. material (matter)
2. formal (form)
3. efficient (how something is effected, produced, originated)
4. final (the goal or purpose)
1. enlargement under Caesar as dictator
2. restrictions and economic activities
3. executive power when the consuls were absent
4. James Madison
5. Senatus consulta: advisory judgments rather than legislative or judicial power
6. criminal trials
simile of the sun
the sun is a visible object that makes objects visible tot he eye through the power of sight by providing light. the good is an intelligible object that makes objects intelligible to the soul through the power of understanding by providing truth.
What is Adeimantus's objection to the Guardians?
will lack the monetary reserves needed to defend itself
what corrupts a timocratic man?
his devotion to military success leads timocratic man to be-come a mere aspirant to power and accumu-lation of wealth (i.e., plutocracy or oligarchy).”
What is Plato's model for a second-best society?
who said “Philosophy is, except for some modernizing, exactly the same now as it has ever been. It has not progressed one iota.” ?