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Flashcards in Final Deck (40):
1

isegoria

equal rights in assembly

2

dike

all in righteousness

3

kallipolis

beautiful city

4

Who was a cradle Calvinist who spent time in the leyden coffee houses, had the genius to be able to make these ideas acceptable to an Anglican and royalist community?

John Locke

5

who wrote a letter in 1698 concerning church toleration?

John Locke

6

Who was Max Weber?

statesman that focuses too narrowly on ultimate consequences may damage goals and discredit them because responsibility for consequences is lacking,

7

Cleisanthenes

started the process of increasingly radical democracy

8

Alexis de toqueville

sought to understand what made the difference between the two revolutions, singled out the Americans faith in a divine moral

9

Who was the chronicler of the Persian wars?

Herodotus

10

"father of lies", "father of history"

Herodotus

11

who was accused of being a philobarbarian?

Herodotus

12

Niccolo machiavelli

basically believe that since human annture is the same at all times in all places, we can draw moral about what is likely to happen to us from what our predecessors have thought and done

13

Who was Henry Kissinger?

scholars vs. statesmen, policymaker has responsibility for the worst that could happen, world of the contingent

14

What does Socrates say is about justice?

that justice is good, not only for the giver (who is rewarded for his justice) but also for the receiver.

15

if you are just you are also ____?

happy

16

How will the frugal state defend itself?

1) it will have trained warriors against an army of rich men, 2) it will never lack allies whom it offer any spoils they may claim, and 3) it need not fear any state or combination of states be-cause it is a true (united) state and they are divided into rich and poor classes and divided from each other.

17

What does Spengler mean to say that Europe's determination to destroy its Jews was an act of suicide

averred Rosenzweig, to which one might add that Eu-rope's determination to destroy its Jews was not just an act of genocide, but of suicide. European Christianity did not survive the regression back to the blood-line of the nations during the middle of the past century. Only in a new nation [America] conceived in the spirit, that is, in ideas, and free of the taint of pagan birth, could Christianity truly flourish.”

18

community of blood

Christians are torn between belief in Kingdom of Heaven and their belief in their own blood. It is the Jew, he argued, who converts the inner pagan inside the Christian. Only a "community of blood" provides man with the assurance of immortality, Rosenzweig argued. God's covenant with the physical descendants of Abraham provides such surety to the Jews, and precisely for this reason the Jews provide Christians with proof of God’s promise of a New Covenant.

19

according to Aristotle what is the aim of politics?

happiness (living well) : the highest good attainable by action

20

Aristotle identifies three popular ideas of good:

pleasure, honor, and wealth, while the contemplative life is treated later

21

scienda

necessary knowledge (scienda) that statesmanship requires

22

Charles Malik

1. Alfred North Whitehead
2. universal declaration of human rights

23

Edmund Burke

1. British Raj
a. Warren Hastings
2. Reflections on the Revolution in France

24

triumvirate

three men heroes

25

quaestor

in charge of financial affairs, originally an investigatory office

26

eleutheria

the masterless

27

Athenian politics became unstable after ____? It was a competition of demagogues.

Pericles

28

who wanted peace?

Nicias

29

Who caused the Athenian downfall?

Alcibiades

30

Why did Alcibiades cause the Athenian downfall?

1. his connections
2. Sicilian expedition
3. Lamachus
4. rivalry between Alcibiades and Nicias

31

eudamonia

happiness

32

Aristotle's four causes

1. material (matter)
2. formal (form)
3. efficient (how something is effected, produced, originated)
4. final (the goal or purpose)

33

senate

1. enlargement under Caesar as dictator
2. restrictions and economic activities
3. executive power when the consuls were absent
4. James Madison
5. Senatus consulta: advisory judgments rather than legislative or judicial power
6. criminal trials
7. concurrence

34

simile of the sun

the sun is a visible object that makes objects visible tot he eye through the power of sight by providing light. the good is an intelligible object that makes objects intelligible to the soul through the power of understanding by providing truth.

35

What is Adeimantus's objection to the Guardians?

will lack the monetary reserves needed to defend itself

36

what corrupts a timocratic man?

his devotion to military success leads timocratic man to be-come a mere aspirant to power and accumu-lation of wealth (i.e., plutocracy or oligarchy).”

37

What is Plato's model for a second-best society?

timocracy

38

scita

general knowledge

39

who said “Philosophy is, except for some modernizing, exactly the same now as it has ever been. It has not progressed one iota.” ?

Eric Dietrich

40

J-curve builds on the conjunction of what causes?

The primary cause of revolution is a feeling of inequality, which is a state of mind. Aristotle holds that inferiors become revolutionaries in order to be equals, and equals [who believe in inequality] in order to be superiors. The secondary cause is economic and social: profit, honor, or fear of financial ruin and disgrace.