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Flashcards in Final Deck (45):
1

Normal fasting I blood glucose?

70-99

2

Prediabetes fasting blood glucose levels?

100-125

3

Diabetes fasting glucose levels?

>126

4

OGTT normal?

<140

5

Prediabetes OGTT?

140-199

6

OGTT diabetes number?

<200

7

A1c normal?

<5.7

8

Prediabetes A1c?

5.7-6.4

9

Diabetes A1c ?

>6.5

10

What are type one diabetics dependent on?

Exogenous insulin

11

When do you test for gestational diabetes?

24-28 week

12

Ketoacidosis is associated with what?

Coma

13

What is whippels triad?

S and S of hypoglycemia, resolution of symptoms once glucose levels rise, low plasma glucose level;

14

Fasting hypoglycemia number?

<50

15

What is the number for postprandial hypo?

<70

16

What is related to metabolic function of the liver and excretory function of the kidneys?

BUN

17

What is it called with elevated blood levels bun?

Azotemia

18

Nearly all mental disease will have elevated what?

Elevated bun

19

What two things are Kidney function tests?

BUN and creatinine

20

What is a better indication for renal disease BUN or creatinine levels?

Creatinine

21

Hyperurecemia is associated with what

Gout

22

What is gout if the big toe called?

Podagra

23

If it looks like its lytic mets what do you do next?

Bone scan, MR< Biopsy

24

If it looks like multiple myeloma what do you do next?

PEP, Skeletal survey, MR, Biopsy

25

Is myeloma purely blastic or lytic?

Lytic

26

If there is bilirubin in the urine, you know its what?

Conjugated

27

Increases of______biliruben are highly specific for disease of the liver or bile ducts?

Conjugated

28

What is used to monitor treatment of metatasitc cancer of the prostate?

Acid phosphatase

29

PSA of what indicates a high probability of cancer?

10

30

What test is used to detect liver cell dystfuntion?

GGTP

31

Elevated GGTP and elevated ALP imply what?

Hepatobiliary disease

32

GTTP is not elevated in what?

BONE disease

33

What is used for suspected coronary occlusive heat disease or suspected hepatoecllular disease ?

AST

34

ALT tells you what organ is fucked up?

Liver

35

What is the major extracellular cation and is important for water distribution and osmotic pressure in plasma?

Sodium

36

What is the major intracellular cation and is important to cellular metabolism and normal neuromuscular function?

Potassium

37

What is the common cause of hypercalcemia ?

Primary hyperparathyroidism

38

What is the MC cause of hypercalcemia in ambulatory patients?

Primary HPT

39

Bones, stones, groans, and moans are associated with what?

Hyperparathyroidism

40

What is the most definitive radiopgrpahic sign of HPT?

Subperiosteal resorbtion

41

__________is virtually pathognomonic for hyperparathyroidism?

Subperiosteal resorption

42

what is used for pancreatitis?

Amylase

43

What is the most common cause of elevated lipase?

Acute pancreatitis

44

What test is specifically designed for cardiac muscle injury?

Creating phosphokinase (CPK, CK)

45

What is the MOST sensitive and specific test for myocardial damage?

Cardiac troponin