FINAL Flashcards Preview

Advanced Perio FINAL EXAM > FINAL > Flashcards

Flashcards in FINAL Deck (41)
Loading flashcards...
1

What surrounds the implant?

peri-implant tissues

2

the epithelium adapts to the titanium abutment post, creating a biological seal

implant to epithelial tissue

3

functions as a barrier between the implant and the oral cavity

biological seal

4

What do connective fiber bundles do?

support healthy gingiva around the abutment

5

Does an implant have cementum?

no

6

Connective tissue fibers can be what?

-oriented parallel to implant surface
-encircle the implant abutment

7

Are the connective tissue fibers attached to implant?

NOPE

8

the direct contact of the living bone with the surface of the implant body. This is MAJOR for implant success

osseointegration

9

Clinically, osseointegration is regarded as successful if there is what?

A. an absence of mobility of the implant
B. no discomfort/ pain when implant is used
C. no increased bone loss
D. less than 0.2 mm of bone loss annually after the first year in function
E. No inflammation of gingiva

10

Do implants have a PDL?

no

11

plaque induced inflammation of the soft tissues. NO BONE LOSS. May be localized in the mucosal tissues surrounding a dental implant.

peri-mucositis

12

Is peri-mucositis reversible?

yes

13

a chronic periodontitis affecting soft and hard tissues surrounding a functioning osseointegrated implant. BONE LOSS PRESENT

peri-implantitis

14

begins at the coronal portion of the implant while the apical portion continues to be osseointegrated

peri-implantitis

15

What are the risks factors for peri-implant diseases?

-history of previous perio disease
-smoking
-poor biofilm control
-residual cement
-biomechanical overload

16

How often should implants be radiographed?

1 year

17

Can you probe an implant?

Yes, probe using light lateral pressure

18

portion of the implant system that is surgically placed into the living alveolar bone

implant body

19

a titanium post that attaches to the implant body and protrudes partially or completely through gingival tissue into the mouth

abutment

20

What can happen if you break the biological seal while probing?

it can introduce bacteria into the implant inviroment

21

Why may a dental implant be hard to clean?

these restorations often have different designs and unusual contours that require focused self-care attention.

22

Why do interdental brushes need to be coated?

so the twisted wire doesn't scratch the implant

23

What type of instrument should we use to clean an implant?

PLASTIC

24

Care for a removable prosthesis:

-pt can remove denture to clean it
-pt can use floss or 2x2 gauze to clean under metal abutment
-antimicrobial rinse may be used with pt with limited ability

25

Do systemic diseases cause perio disease?

no

26

What are some adverse pregnancy outcomes that have been associated with periodontits?

-preterm birth
-low birth weight
-preclampsia

27

Why should dental hygienists educate patients with diabetes?

because perio infection can affect glycemic control

28

What else may a pt have with diabetes?

-xerostomia
-burning mouth syndrome
-fungal infections
-slower wound healing

29

a medical term referring to the typical blood glucose levels in those with diabetes

glycemic control

30

an infection of the lungs contracted during a stay in the hospital or long term facility care

hospital acquired pneumonia

31

What organisms cause hospital pneumonia?

potential respiratory pathogens

32

generally found in the GI tract but may colonize the mouth and oropharynx

potential respiratory pathogens

33

produced by microbial putrefaction of debris left in the mouth

oral malodor

34

What are the most common gram-negative anaerobic bacteria that causes oral malodor?

-porphyromonas gingivalis
-prevotella intermedia
-fusobaterium nucleatum
-bateroids forsythus
-Treponema denticola

35

the deeper the perio pockets in a patient the.....

higher the VSCs

36

Oral malodor usually originate from what?

volatile sulfur compounds

37

what do VSCs contain?

hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, and dimethyl sulfide

38

How may diabetes breath smell?

sweet or rotten apples

39

Can medications cause malodor?

yep

40

If a patient has persistent malodor after through management, what should you do?

refer to physician

41

What extroral causes breath malodor?

-nose and throat conditioins
-diabetes
-lung disease
-GI tract probs
-liver disease
-kidney disease
-hormonal changes