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Flashcards in final ch. 12 Deck (35):
1

how to classify behavior as abnormal?

to be abnormal a behavior must be maladaptive and consistent with other criteria. these criteria help mental health professionals and researchers determine just where along the continuum behavior becomes abnormal

2

whether culture should be considered in behaviors being abnormal?

what is considered abnormal in one culture may not be in another

3

what DSM stands for?

the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders

4

what DMS is used for?

manual which describes criteria used to classify and diagnose mental disorders

5

the 5 perspectives

biological, biopsychosoical, psychodynamic, learning, cognitive

6

biological

heredity or physiology; psychological disorder is symptom of an underlying physical disorder caused by structural or biochemical abnormality in the brain, by genetic inheritance, or by infection

7

biopsychosocial

combination; psycholofical disorders result from combination of biological, psychological, and social causes

8

psychodynamic

unconscious conflicts; psychological disorders stem from early childhood experiences and unresolved, unconscious sexual or aggressive conflicts

9

learning

"symptoms" learned; abnormal thoughts, feeling, and behaviors are learned and sustained like any other behaviors, or there is failure to learn appropriate behaviors

10

cognitive

negative views; faulty thinking or distorted perceptions can cause psychological disorders

11

what does cognitive therapy entail?

a therapy designed by Aaron beck to help clients stop their cognitive errors as they occur and replace them with more objective thoughts

12

what is a panic attack?

an episode of over wheeling anxiety, fear, or terror

13

social phobia/ performance anxiety

an irrational fear and avoidance of any social or performance situation in which one might embarrass or humiliate ones self in from of others by appearing clumsy, foolish, or incompetent

14

obsession

a persistent, involuntary thought, image, or impulse that invades consciousness and causes grew distress

15

compulsion

a persistent, irresistible, and irrational urge to preform an act or ritual repetitively

16

symptoms of major depressive disorder?

sadness, despair, and hopelessness as well as the loss of the ability to experience pleasure, change in appetite, weight, or sleeping pattern, loss of energy, difficulty thinking/ concentrating, body movement reaction time/speech may be slowed, constantly moving, fidgeting, wringing their hands, and pacing

17

what age and gender has the highest suicide rate?

white americans, males, ages 45-59

18

schizophrenia involves?

disorders/ "split" thoughts and communication, inappropriate emotions. severe psychological disorder characterized by loss of contact with reality, hallucinations, delusions, inappropriate of flat affects, some disturbance in thinning, social withdrawal, and/or other bizarre behaviors

19

positive symptoms of schizophrenia

(present) hallucination, delusions, disorganized speech, thoughts and behaviors

20

negative symptoms of schizophrenia

(absent) lack of emotional response, limited speech, apathy

21

somatic disorders

disorders in which physical symptoms are present and are due to psychological causes rather than any known medical condition

22

"la belle indifference"

conversion disorder- bizarre symptoms

23

3 kinds of dissociative disorders

amnesia, fugue, DID

24

dissociative amnesia

loss of memory for past events without organic causes; under unbearable stress, consciousness becomes dissociated from a person's identity or their memories of important personal events, or both

25

dissociative fugue

"flgiht" leaves home and assumes new identity , very rare; one has a complete loss of memory of ones entire identity, travels away from home, and may assume a new identity

26

dissociative identity

multiple personalities in same person, extremely rare; two or more distinct unique personalities occur in the same person, and there is server memory disruption concerning personal information about other personalities

27

pharaphilias

recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involve nonhuman objects, children, or other unconsenting persons, or suffering or humiliation of the individuals or his/her partner

28

main categories od sexual dysfunctions

sexual desire disorder (no motivation)
sexual arousal disorder (body doesn't cooperate with desire)
orgasm and sexual pain disorder (no orgasm or too soon or too late or painful)

29

paranoid

mistrustful; individual is highly suspicious, untrusting, guarded, hypersensitive, easily slighted, and lacking in emotions' holds grudges

30

schizotypal

eccentric; individual dresses in extremely unusual ways, lacking social skills, may have odd ideas resembling the delusions of schizophrenia

31

borderline

unstable mood; individual is unstable in mood, behavior, self-image, and social relationships, has intense fear of abandonment, exhibits impulsive and reckless behavior and inappropriate anger, makes suicidal gestures and perform self-mutilating acts

32

antisocial

criminal, violent; individual disregards rights and feelings of others, is manipulative, impulsive, selfish, aggressive, irresponsible, reckless, and willing to break the law, lie, cheat, and exploit other personal gain, without remorse; fails to hold job

33

disruptive mood dysregulation disorder

disorder in which children are highly irritable and have frequent outburst of temper that interfere with social and academic functioning

34

autism spectrum disorder

a disorder in which a child lacks the ability to establish and maintain social relationships

35

ADHD

is characterized by restlessness and difficulty focusing attention and completing task