Flashcards in final ch. 12 Deck (35):
how to classify behavior as abnormal?
to be abnormal a behavior must be maladaptive and consistent with other criteria. these criteria help mental health professionals and researchers determine just where along the continuum behavior becomes abnormal
whether culture should be considered in behaviors being abnormal?
what is considered abnormal in one culture may not be in another
what DSM stands for?
the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders
what DMS is used for?
manual which describes criteria used to classify and diagnose mental disorders
the 5 perspectives
biological, biopsychosoical, psychodynamic, learning, cognitive
heredity or physiology; psychological disorder is symptom of an underlying physical disorder caused by structural or biochemical abnormality in the brain, by genetic inheritance, or by infection
combination; psycholofical disorders result from combination of biological, psychological, and social causes
unconscious conflicts; psychological disorders stem from early childhood experiences and unresolved, unconscious sexual or aggressive conflicts
"symptoms" learned; abnormal thoughts, feeling, and behaviors are learned and sustained like any other behaviors, or there is failure to learn appropriate behaviors
negative views; faulty thinking or distorted perceptions can cause psychological disorders
what does cognitive therapy entail?
a therapy designed by Aaron beck to help clients stop their cognitive errors as they occur and replace them with more objective thoughts
what is a panic attack?
an episode of over wheeling anxiety, fear, or terror
social phobia/ performance anxiety
an irrational fear and avoidance of any social or performance situation in which one might embarrass or humiliate ones self in from of others by appearing clumsy, foolish, or incompetent
a persistent, involuntary thought, image, or impulse that invades consciousness and causes grew distress
a persistent, irresistible, and irrational urge to preform an act or ritual repetitively
symptoms of major depressive disorder?
sadness, despair, and hopelessness as well as the loss of the ability to experience pleasure, change in appetite, weight, or sleeping pattern, loss of energy, difficulty thinking/ concentrating, body movement reaction time/speech may be slowed, constantly moving, fidgeting, wringing their hands, and pacing
what age and gender has the highest suicide rate?
white americans, males, ages 45-59
disorders/ "split" thoughts and communication, inappropriate emotions. severe psychological disorder characterized by loss of contact with reality, hallucinations, delusions, inappropriate of flat affects, some disturbance in thinning, social withdrawal, and/or other bizarre behaviors
positive symptoms of schizophrenia
(present) hallucination, delusions, disorganized speech, thoughts and behaviors
negative symptoms of schizophrenia
(absent) lack of emotional response, limited speech, apathy
disorders in which physical symptoms are present and are due to psychological causes rather than any known medical condition
"la belle indifference"
conversion disorder- bizarre symptoms
3 kinds of dissociative disorders
amnesia, fugue, DID
loss of memory for past events without organic causes; under unbearable stress, consciousness becomes dissociated from a person's identity or their memories of important personal events, or both
"flgiht" leaves home and assumes new identity , very rare; one has a complete loss of memory of ones entire identity, travels away from home, and may assume a new identity
multiple personalities in same person, extremely rare; two or more distinct unique personalities occur in the same person, and there is server memory disruption concerning personal information about other personalities
recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involve nonhuman objects, children, or other unconsenting persons, or suffering or humiliation of the individuals or his/her partner
main categories od sexual dysfunctions
sexual desire disorder (no motivation)
sexual arousal disorder (body doesn't cooperate with desire)
orgasm and sexual pain disorder (no orgasm or too soon or too late or painful)
mistrustful; individual is highly suspicious, untrusting, guarded, hypersensitive, easily slighted, and lacking in emotions' holds grudges
eccentric; individual dresses in extremely unusual ways, lacking social skills, may have odd ideas resembling the delusions of schizophrenia
unstable mood; individual is unstable in mood, behavior, self-image, and social relationships, has intense fear of abandonment, exhibits impulsive and reckless behavior and inappropriate anger, makes suicidal gestures and perform self-mutilating acts
criminal, violent; individual disregards rights and feelings of others, is manipulative, impulsive, selfish, aggressive, irresponsible, reckless, and willing to break the law, lie, cheat, and exploit other personal gain, without remorse; fails to hold job
disruptive mood dysregulation disorder
disorder in which children are highly irritable and have frequent outburst of temper that interfere with social and academic functioning
autism spectrum disorder
a disorder in which a child lacks the ability to establish and maintain social relationships