Final - Exam (10/13) - [Exam 3 - Section 2] Flashcards Preview

Neuropsychology 343 > Final - Exam (10/13) - [Exam 3 - Section 2] > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final - Exam (10/13) - [Exam 3 - Section 2] Deck (54):
1

-commissurotomy-
-Split brain patients

Epilepsy can cause changes in function of _________ and cerebral development

hemispheres

2

-commissurotomy-
-Split brain patients

Function of hemispheres in patients do not reflect function of _________ brain – can be reorganization of function
-Inconsistent findings from patients with _________

-healthy
-lesions

3

Functional asymmetry - Brain Stimulation
Can be used to determine _________ in conscious patients undergoing surgery

function

4

Brain Stimulation can _________ function or _________ function

-block
-stimulate

5

Stimulation of left hemisphere blocks on-going _________, no effect on speech from stimulation of _________

-speech
-right

6

Stimulation of right hemisphere blocks interpretation of _________ expressions, short-term _________ for faces etc.

-facial
-memory

7

Stimulation of right temporal lobe stimulates recall of _________

memories

8

Stimulation of left frontal or temporal regions speed up _________

speech

9

Functional asymmetry
- Carotid _________

Can anesthetize one hemisphere if injected into carotid artery in ipsilateral hemisphere

sodium amobarbital

10

Functional asymmetry
- Carotid sodium amobarbital

Can anesthetize one hemisphere if injected into _________ in ipsilateral hemisphere

carotid artery

11

_________ carotid artery injection – no movement on right side of body (hemiparesis), no speech, loss of vision in right visual field

Left

12

Left carotid artery injection – no movement on right side of body (hemiparesis), no _________, loss of vision in _________ visual field

-speech
-right

13

_________ carotid artery injection – no speech loss,
hemiparesis of left side of body, loss of vision in left
visual field

Right

14

Right carotid artery injection – no speech loss, _________ of left side of body, loss of vision in _________
visual field

-hemiparesis
-left

15

Right carotid artery injection – produces _________ and _________ symptoms on the left

-sensory
-motor

16

__% right-handed people and __% of left-handed
people – left hemisphere predominantly controls
speech

-98
-70

17

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_________ % of population left-handed

10 – 30

18

In majority of population, more _________ fibers descend to right hand than left hand

-neural

19

Corpus callosum is larger in _________-handed and ambidextrous people

left

20

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Injury early in life may cause a shift in _________

handedness

21

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Handedness likely due to _________ and environmental influences

polygenic

22

Males are better at some but not all _________ tasks*

spatial

23

Mathematical _________ - women better than men

calculation

24

Mathematical _________ - Men better than women

reasoning

25

Verbal abilities (Story) - _________ better than _________

-Women
-men

26

Finding patterns - _________ better than _________

-Men
-Women

27

Remembering displaced objects - _________ better than

-Women
-men

28

Mentally rotating object - _________ better than _________

-Men
-Women

29

Precision fine motor coordination - _________ better than _________

-Women
-men

30

Target directed motor skills - _________ better than _________

-Men
-Women

31

Matching items in perceptual tests - _________ better than _________

-Women
-Men

32

Visualizing holes punched in paper - _________ better than _________

-Men
-Women

33

Men have _________ brains than women

larger

34

Women have more _________ connections - more efficient

neural

35

Women generally better at _________ skills

language

36

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Asymmetrical planum temporale more common in _________
-Left larger than right

-men

37

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Asymmetrical planum temporale more common in men
- _________ larger than _________

-Left
-right

38

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Left lateral fissure – longer and more asymmetrical in _________

men

39

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Fingerprints – _________ hand has more ridges than _________ but asymmetry more common in women

-right
-left

40

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Fingerprints – right hand has more ridges than
left but asymmetry more common in _________

women

41

_________ testicle usually larger

Right

42

_________ breast in women usually larger

Left

43

More fibers in _________ and anterior commissure in women

corpus callosum

44

More fibers in corpus callosum and anterior commissure in _________

women

45

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Left lesions in _________ – decreased verbal and performance IQ

women

46

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Left lesions in women – decreased verbal and _________

performance IQ

47

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Left lesions in _________ – mainly decreased verbal IQ

men

48

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Right lesions in _________ – no deficits

women

49

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Right lesions in _________ – decreased performance IQ

men

50

Left lesions cause _________ (inability to make or copy voluntary movements or make proper use of an object

apraxia

51

_________ -inability to make or copy voluntary movements or make proper use of an object

apraxia

52

apraxia and aphasia

Left frontal lesions in _________
Left posterior lesions in _________

-women
-Men

53

apraxia and aphasia

Left _________ lesions in women
Left _________ lesions in men

-frontal
-posterior

54

Males more likely to show _________ reorganization after left hemisphere _________ than females

-cerebral
-injury