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Fundamentals of Radiology > FINAL EXAM > Flashcards

Flashcards in FINAL EXAM Deck (423):
1

true/false:
prefixes are attached directly to the end of the word

false

2

true/false:
suffix is placed at the end of the word root

true

3

true/false:
the definition of a medical word usually beings with the defining suffix first and continuing to read backward through the word

true

4

true/false:
if the suffix begins with a vowel, the root will not attach directly to it

false

5

true/false:
a word can end in a combining form

false

6

true/false:
medical words are made up of word roots, prefixes and suffixes

true

7

true/false:
when using more than one word root, a combining vowel is needed to separate the different word roots

true

8

the suffix 'osis' means

condition

9

true/false:
when a medical word has a prefix, the definition of the word usually begins with defining the suffix first, then the root second, and the prefix last

false

10

a word part that is attached to the end of teh word root defines which of the following

suffix

11

true/false:
compound words are usually composed in the following order:
combining form + word root + suffix

true

12

true/false:
words with the same root will have different meanings depending on the prefix attached

true

13

the basic foundation of a word to which is component parts are added defines

word root

14

a word element that is added at the beginning of a word defines

prefix

15

the prefix 'inter' means

between

16

the prefix 'bi' means what?

two
double

17

'excessive' is the definition of

hyper

18

prefix 'ad' means

toward

19

prefix 'meta' means

change

20

suffix 'itis' means

inflammation

21

prefix 'anti' means

against

22

prefix 'epi' means

upon

23

suffix 'a' makes what type of word

noun

24

prefix 'bio' means

life

25

prefix 'hypo' means

less than
under

26

prefix 'ab' means

from

27

suffix 'tomy' means

incision into

28

suffix 'ical' means

adjective

29

suffux 'ile' means

pertaining to
capable

30

prefix 'hydro' means

water

31

suffix 'gram' means

record or picture

32

suffix 'tion' makes

noun

33

suffix 'lysis' means

destruction
detachment

34

prefix 'ultra' means

beyond

35

prefix 'post' means

after

36

prefix 'tachy' means

rapid

37

prefix 'contra' means

against

38

suffix that means 'characterized by' is

ory

39

prefix 'brady' means

slow

40

prefix 'trans' means

across

41

suffix 'ician' means

specialist in a field of study

42

suffix 'metry' means

process of measuring

43

suffix 'rrhaphy' means

suturing

44

suffix 'oma' means

tumor

45

suffix 'emia' means

blood condition

46

suffix 'lith' means

stone

47

suffix 'megaly' means

enlargement

48

suffix 'lepsy' means

seizure

49

'sensitivity to pain' is the definition of

algesia

50

'surgical repair' is the definition of

plasty

51

'pertaining to the back or posteriior' is the definition

dorsal

52

what is made up of tissues arranged together to perform a particular function?

organs

53

which of the following it not one of the four quadrants

LPQ

54

which plane divides the body into = right/left portions

midsagittal plane

55

which plane divides the body into front/back portions

frontal plane

56

which pleans cut across the the body and divides it into upper and lower portions

transverse planes

57

what is located in the middle section of the abdomen between the right/left lumbar regions?

umbilical region

58

how many divisions of the back are there?

5

59

what organs are located in thorasic cavity?

lungs
heart

60

is the bladder found in the abdominal cavity?

no

61

definition of 'superficial' is

pertaining to the surface or near surface

62

defintion of 'supine' is

lying horizontally, face up

63

genes are

segements of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics

64

developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue is

aplasia

65

new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant is

neoplasia

66

abnormal development of tissues/organs is

dysplasia

67

'caudal' means

pertatining to the tail

68

'toward the side of the body, away from the midline' is definition of

lateral

69

top of the foot is

dorsum

70

localized collection of pus in any part of teh body is

abcess

71

laceration is

a tear in skin

72

erthemia is

redness of the skin

73

a closed sac or pouch in, or within skin that contains fluid, semi-fluid or solid material is

cyst

74

scraping or rubbing away of skin as a result of friction to the area is

abrasion

75

injury to part of the body w/o a break in skin is

contusion

76

floating ribs are

rib pairs 11-12

77

small, stalk like growth that produces upward/outward from a mucous membrane surface is

polyp

78

hollow/concave depression in bone is

fossa

79

hole in the bone that allows blood vessels/nerves to pass through is

foramen

80

true ribs are

rib pairs 1 - 7

81

compound fracture is a(n)

open fracture

82

the diaphysis is

main shaft like portion of bone

83

bones that are longer than they are wide are

long bones

84

fracture that is caused by bone surfaces being forced against each other is

compression

85

abnormal inward curvature of a portion of the spine is

lordosis

86

form of acute arthritis that is characterized by inflammation of the big toe is

gout

87

____ fracture occurs when the force that causes the fracture is so great that it splinters or crushes a segment of bone

comminuted

88

surgical repair of a joint is

arthroplasty

89

difficult speech is

dysphasia

90

paraplegia is

paralysis of the lower extremities and body trunk

91

hypersensitive reaction to normally harmless antigens is

allergy

92

physician who specializes in treating diseases/disorders of the nervous system

neurologist

93

abnormal increase of CSF in the brain that causes the ventricles to dialte is

trydocephatus

94

a serious bacterial infection of the covering of the brain/spinal cord is

meningitis

95

introduction of contrast medium into the lumbar subarachnoid space through a lumbar puncture is

myelography

96

chronic hereditary form of anemia in which red blood cells become shaped like a crescent are

sickle cell

97

excessive uncontrolled increase of immature WBC in the blood is

leukemia

98

thrombus is

a clot

99

state of being resistant to or protected from a disease is

immunity

100

infectious disease that is chronic in nature, primarily affecting the lungs causing large areas of caviations and caseous necrosis is

TB

101

suffix 'metry' means

process of measuring

102

in diagnostic x-ray, what interactions will occur?

compton scatter
photoelectric effect
pair productions

103

the roentgen unit is a measure of

number of ions created in the air

104

what is the filtration manufactured into the x-ray tube called

inherent filtration

105

what do the letters 'rad' stand for?

radiation absorbed dose

106

when radiation interacts with matter and changes direction it is called

scatter radiation

107

which of the following factors will affect patient dose?

filtration
distance
time

108

which exam will give the patient the highest gonadal dose?

abdomen

109

law of Bergonie and Tribondeau implies that sensitivity is greatest in

rapidly dividing cells
youngest stage of organism

110

basis for the NCRP's policies/regulations for personal and patients is

ALARA

111

general population is allowed what fraction of the dose allowed for occupationally exposed people?

1/10

112

which of the following are the LEAST sensitive cells of the body

nerve cells

113

primary concern in radiation to the gonads is to prevent

genetic effects

114

sensitivity to readiation in humans is greatest at which

embryonic stage

115

performance standards for the radiology dept are set by

chief radiologist

116

hosptial standards are set to conform with

JCAHO guidelines

117

what is primary concern of hospital?

patient care

118

an organization chart is designed to indicate

lines of authority
positions of personell
areas of responsibility

119

hospital-wide committee that functions to maintain safe working conditions is

hospital safety committee

120

in service education program in radiology departments is

a requirement

121

radiology dept policies and procedures are contained in

dept procedures manual

122

person responsible for verifying the qualifications of the technical staff is

radiology admin

123

radiologic compliance evaluation is a function of

quality assurance program

124

standards for hospital services are established by

JCAHO

125

an effective defense for a tech sued by a patient claiming neglegence would be

the exam was performed in a manner that was customary and accepted by the medical community

126

who is the person who is formally accused in a lawsuit?

defendant

127

'res ipsa loqitur' is a Latin phrase that means

'the thing speaks for itself'

128

what is the underlying motivation for all forms of law?

to protect people/property
to provide means for correcting injustice
to compensate for inquiry

129

what is not a valid consent condition?

to be a member of the medical profession

130

situations in which a tort may be brought against a tech are

imprudent conduct by RT
bodily harm inflicted on patient
invasion of privacy

131

is the patient's conditon not improving after a test a breach of standard of care

no

132

law in our society is based on

state/federal constitutions
statues of state/federal legislature
regulations issued by executive branch of govt

133

laws are framed/shaped by

community values

134

community values/law are generally in

agreement

135

allied health developed as a result of

specialization
advancements in science/technology
medical economics

136

medical tech does

analyzes/performs tests for diagnosis/treatment

137

medical records admin does

plans, designs, & manages patient records

138

respiratory therapist does

administers therapeutic procedures for respiratory emergencies

139

quality assurance is the responsibility of

chief radiologist
chief technologist
each radiology employee

140

quality assurance involves

monitoring x-ray equipment
in-service education for employees

141

what is the advantage of the pyramidal arrangement for dept admins

economy in personnel costs

142

what is the disadvantage of the pyramidal arrangement

communication from the base to the upper level is difficult

143

evaluating quality in the radiology dept may include

observing the tech's performance
interviewing patients
checking the in-service program for techs

144

troubleshooting is an activity for

equipment testing after malfunction occurs

145

equipment monitoring is an activity involvoing

periodic routine equipment testing

146

film processing requires

controlled replenishment of solutions
near-constant solution temp
exact combinations of chemicals

147

a sensitometer is an instrumetn used to do

provide a controlled amount of light to the film

148

a densitometer is a device for

measuring the blackness/density of the film

149

what was the purpose of the certificate of need requirement

to limit equipment and space to the community needs

150

staffing needs are computed by

type of procedure performed
# of procedures/year
type of procedure performed

151

the decision to purchase new radiology equipment is based on

number of patients who need radiographic service

152

in the typical general service hospital ____ of the radiographic exams will be chest x-ray?

30%

153

in the typical general service hospital, ___ of the radiographic exams will be flurosocope?

10%

154

cost of radiographic exams includes the cost of

film/film development
labor
equipment

155

silver from radiographic film can be reclaimed by recovering silver ions from

the fixer

156

cost of producing radiograph is highest for

personnel

157

cost of health care since 1995 has

increased

158

the guidelines for staffing in a dept of radiology is ___ production hour(s) per procedure

1

159

ethics is a discipline that deals with

morals as they relate to behavior

160

patients presenting themselves for radiographic exams are first impressed by

personal appearance of the tech

161

when the patient asks the tech what the radiograph says

tell the patient that the referring physician will have the answers

162

true/false:
it's ok to criticize the physician when he's wronge

false: NEVER criticize, it's unethical

163

the techs first duty is

the patient

164

techs who examine terminally ill patients should do

simply respect teh patient's right of choice

165

some patients require more time and attention than others b/c

they are sicker

166

moral/ethical conduct of individuals who are handling patients for radiographic exams is a responsibility of

radiologist
tech
student

167

characteristics of ethical behavior are

fairness
honesty
integrity

168

breach of confidentiality occurs when the patient's medical condition

discussed w/ patient's spouse
written to a friend in another state
discussed in strict confidence w/ a 'friend'

169

personal, ethical, & professional obligations lie w/

doctor
tech
student

170

legally, torts may be

violations to civil law

171

most American legal principles are based on

English common law

172

2positions and lines of authority are shown in a

organizational chart

173

primary concern of radiology dept is

providing quality patient care

174

verifying the competence of the radiography technical staff is the responsibility of

radiology admin

175

system of prospective payment for Medicare was based on

diagnosis related groups

176

exposure cord of a mobile unit should be at least

6 ft

177

techniques used to assess quality care given to patients are

observation of tech at work
interviewing patients
interviewing techs

178

film badges are designed to be worn

outside the apron, near the neck

179

x-ray beam collimation is used b/c

film quality is improved
patient dose is decreased
scatter radiation is decreased

180

quality of x-ray beam is determined by

kVp

181

individual in radiology dept who can legally make a diagnosis is

radiologist

182

'nocturia' is

urination at night, usually excessive

183

abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity is

ascites

184

what is the definition of hypertension

high blood pressure

185

lung disease resulting from inhalation of asbestos particles

asbestosis

186

rotation of loops of bowel causing a twisting on itself results in an intestinal blockage is

volvulus

187

use of a needle to collect pleural fluid for lab analysis is

thorancentesis

188

inflammation of the urethra is

urethritis

189

instrument used to look at the inside of the bladder is

cystoscope

190

at what level of the spine would you find the level of the xiphoid process

T9, T10

191

50% of the population in the USA is what type of body habitus

sthenic

192

graphic record of the electrical action of the heart is

EKG

193

slow heart rate is

bradycardia

194

pounding/racing heart is

palpitation

195

childhood disease characterized by a barking cough is

croup

196

systole is

contraction of phase of the heartbeat

197

presence of pus in the urine is

pyuria

198

if x-ray projection is directed toward the outer margin of a curved body, then it is a ___ projection

tangential

199

if patient is lying face down, what position is he/she in

prone

200

malignant tumor of the kidney occurring predominately in childhood is

Wilm's tumor

201

radiation therapy is used to accomplish:

destruction of tumor cells
relief of obstruction

202

if an object/contrast agent does not permit the passage of xrays, what is it called

radiopaque

203

if a joint has mulitaxial movement what type of joint is it

spheroid

204

club-chaped process on a bone is

malleolus

205

low pitched humming/fluttering sound is

murmur

206

lack/loss of appetite is

anorexia

207

forced/excessive extension of a joint is

hyperextension

208

rales is

abnormal sound heard on auscultation of the chest

209

expectoration of blood arising from the pulmonary system is

hemoptysis

210

xray beam that exits the patient is

remnant beam

211

decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part or organ is

ischemia

212

abnormal rapidity of breathing is

tachypnea

213

obstruction of the intestines is

ileus

214

how many primary bones are there in human body?

206

215

abnormal stone formed in the body tissues is

calculus

216

difficulty swalling is

dysphagia

217

hardening of arteries is

arterioscleosis

218

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchial tubes is

bronchitits

219

area inside the xray tube which xrays emanate is

focal spot

220

immovable joint occurring only in the skull is

suture joints

221

plane of the body that is formed by the biting surfaces of the teeth is

occlusal

222

appendicular skeleton includes

humerus
femur
phalanges

223

shallow, linear channel in a bone is

groove

224

if a patient is upright and leans backward to put both shoulders in contact w/ the IR it is

lordotic position

225

if you are referring to body parts on the opposite sides of the body then they are considered to be

contralateral

226

___ position is when the patient is supine with the head higher than the feet

Fowler's

227

condition of abnormal, black, tarry stools is

melena

228

closure/state of being closed is

occlusion

229

collection of air/gas in the pleural cavity is

pneumothorax

230

inflammation of the outpouchings of the muscular layer of the intestines is

diverticulosis

231

telescoping of a portion of the bowel into the distal intestine is known as

intussusception

232

registered techs must show continuing education

biannually

233

practice standards for RTs are written by

ASRT

234

monitoring techs for ethical conducts is the function of

ARRT

235

JRCERT is required by the __ to respond to allegations of non-compliance

USDE

236

AART cert requirements consist of

moral/ethical conduct
completion of an accredited program
successful completetion of the certifying exam

237

JRCERT accredition is

non-governing

238

ideal radiology admin will have expertise in

radiologic technique and management

239

curriculum being taught in your radiography program is based on the national radiography curriculum from which profession organization?

ASRT

240

the initials RT(R) (CV) (ARRT) would be used by RTs specializing in

special procedures

241

JRCERT's board of directors

serves w/o compensation
is legally bound to protect the interest of the JRCERT
is required to appoint a member from the general public

242

educators in RT must have expertise in

curriculm design
assessing the effectivenss of clinical practice
counseling students in career opportunities

243

USA spends more than what amount on health care annually?

$1,000,000,000,000

244

true/false:continuing education was instituted to reinforce cultural / ethinic status

false:
it was to prevent professional obsolescence
to advance the professon

245

nat'l legislation to establish minimum education requirements for operators of radiation-producing equipment had its origin in which professional organization

ASRT

246

by the year 2025 half of all older Americans will be over what age?

75

247

the latest medical technology may add what % per day to the patient's hospital bill

50

248

ARRT offered its first certficate in

1922

249

nation's health care goals are stated in a document titled

Health People 2010

250

ARRT is the national organization for which

certifying the qualified tech

251

eligibility to sit for the ARRT exam in radiography requires what?

completion of an ARRT recognized accredited program in radiography

252

ARRT

develops tests and examines applicants in RT

253

in 1997 what became a requirement for recertification?

showing evidence of continuing education+

254

the ARRT exam consists of a

200 question computerized test plus pilot questions

255

ARRT does

register techs in radiation therapy, radiography, and nuclear medicine
exams techs for advanced level specialities
awards certficates in basic/advanced level radiography

256

score is defined as passing provided that

a composite score of 75 is made

257

purpose of the ARRT is to do

encourage education
elevate standards of radiologic technologists
examine/certify elgible candidates

258

what was primary reason the ASRT was formed?

education

259

national organization for radiologic technology educators is

ACERT

260

national organization for radiologic technology managers is

AHRA

261

national organization for all RTs is

ASRT

262

today, ASRT serves it members with

education program curricula
professional representation
continuing education/scholarly publications

263

short-term postgraduate education for the radiographer is

sonography
radiation therapy

264

group that represents over 350,000 health care professionals, including all radiologic science practioners is

Summit on Radiologic Sciences and Sonography

265

professional journal published by the ASRT is

Radiologic Technology

266

other professionals who work in diagnostic imaging and therapy include

radiologists
physicists
nurses

267

personnel management, budget preparation, union negotiations, & purchasing are a few of the areas of involvement of teh

dept' admin

268

monitoring of personnel radiation exposure is the responsibility of

radiation safety officer

269

minor radiographic/fluoroscopic equipment problems are often served by

equipment specialist

270

in today's radiology dept, upward and lateral mobility depends primarily on

education

271

what is of the utmost importance in quality assurance/quality control program

processor monitoring

272

JCAHO requires that radiology dept establish

quality assurance/quality control program

273

qualificiations for radiologic science program director, faculty, clinical coordinator, and clinical instructor are addressed by?

JRCERT

274

number of CE credits required for renewal of certification is

24 units in a 2 year period

275

continuing education for RT is

mandatory for all registered techs

276

CE credits may be obtained from an accredited postsecondary educational institution

courses in disciplines specified by ARRT

277

for an academic course to be acceptable for CE credit, the course must be relevant to

radiographic sciences
patient care

278

the organization requiring continuing education for renewal of certification is

ARRT

279

organization responsible for approving educational activities for CE credits is

RCEEM

280

what is payment system that determines costs/payments before delivery of service called

prospective payment

281

main objective for continuing education is

provide efficient patient care

282

single largest cost in providing medical care is

labor

283

lifestyle factor(s) that has/have the largest role in relation to the management of good health are

diet/smoking

284

when do most individuals incur the majority of their health care expenses?

last year of life

285

number of workers available to pay into gov't or private health insurance is

falling

286

radiographic exams performed for the sole purpose of avoiding litigation is

defensive medicine

287

increasingly, entry-leve RT are working in which

imaging centers
physician offices
urgent care facilities

288

in what way does the JRCERT accreditation benefit students

by ensuring that a program meets nationally established professional standards

289

what gov't agency is responsible for the oversight of institutional/programmatic accrediation

USDE

290

site visitors' responsibilities include

developing a report of findings from the onsite eval of a program
evalutating a program through an onsite visit of teh sponsoring institution

291

which of the following is likely when a programs deficiences threaten the capability of a program to provide acceptable education

the program is awarded probationary accreditation

292

educational standards address

radiation safety
curriculum
mission statement and goals

293

JRCERT accredited pgorams may exist in which

health care facilities
colleges
proprietary schools

294

the JRCERT is

an accreditor of educational programs

295

JRCERT board of directors includes

radiologic technologists
physicians
represenative of the public

296

speciality that allows for most patient contact is

radiaton therapy

297

JRCERT investigates complaints that do what

relate to a programs compliance with the educational standards

298

what is a responsibilit of the JRCERT

evaluation of education programs

299

radiolgical sciences education has evolved from teh __ to the ___

apprentice
academic

300

what is the max lenght of an accreditation award from the JRCERT

8 years

301

what is true of accredidation

voluntary process
generally conducted by nongov't agency
peer-review process

302

what is true of a pgoram's self study report?

includes info about the porgrams outcomes in relation to its mission/goals
it's an eval of the pgoram by program personnel

303

what imaging modality is useful in studing the brain and spinal cord through visualization?

MRI

304

which procedure is not an xray exam?

CT
u/s
MRI

305

what are advantages of u/s

no radiation used
it can be used to monitor fetal dev't

306

distinguishing differences between CT and MRI

magnetic field vs radiation

307

formulaton of radipharmaceuticals and the localization of each w/in the body are unique to what discipline?

nuclear medicine

308

which specialty is involved in the treatment of diseases rather that its diagnosis?

radiation therapy

309

in what specialty may national certification be obtained through an organization other than ARRT

u/s

310

what subject is the curriculum not common to all disciplines/

treatment planning

311

what is clearly shown on a lateral abdomen projection in the dorsal decubitus positon?

pre-vertebral space
air-fluid levels

312

where is the center of the cassette positioned for an AP abdominal radiograph done in the left lateral decubitus position?

2" above the ililiac crests

313

common indications for performing oral cholecystography include

cholelithiasis
cholecystitis
biliary stenosis

314

it's often necessary to demonstrate small amounts of intraperitoneal gas in patients with an acute abdomen. How long should the patient lay in the left lateral position before the radiograph is made?

10-20 mins

315

what is the radiologically important primary function of the liver?

formation of bile

316

the serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic walls is called?

peritoneum

317

the liver lies in the

RUQ

318

what conveys blood to the liver

hepatic artery
portal vein

319

pancreas produces what

insulin
glucagon
pancreatic juice

320

the 2 main heaptic ducts join to form the

common hepatic duct

321

the common heptaic duct and the cystic duct join together and form the

common bile duct

322

common bile duct adn the pancreatic duct join together and enter a chamber known as

hepatopancreatic ampulla (of Vater)

323

functions of the gallbladder include

store bile
concentrate bile

324

what is a prime consideration in producing optimal radiogrpahs of the abdomen

explain the breathing procedure to patient
don't start exposure for 1-2 seconds after expiration

325

what describes the function of the spleen

produces lympohcytes
stores/removes dead blood cells

326

technical factors for an abdominal radiograph should be set to produce

moderately wide lattitude

327

properly exposed abdominal radiograph will exhibit

psoas muscles
lower boarder of the liver
tranverse process of the lumbar vertebrae

328

most commonly performmed abdominal exams is referred to as

KUB

329

CR angulation for an abdominal radiograph is

0*

330

if a patient is unable to stand for an upright AP abdominal radiograph which position should be used?

left lateral decubitus

331

where is the center of the cassette positioned for an AP abdominal radiograph done in the supine position

iliac crests

332

where is the center of the cassette positoned for an upright PA abdominal radiograph

2" above iliac crests

333

what is the respiration phase for an AP abdominal radiograph doen in the supine position?

expiration

334

what is the respiration phase for an AP or PA abdominal radiograph done in upright position

expiration

335

one of the primary reasons for left lateral decubitus abdominal radiograph performed is to demonstrate

air-fluid levels

336

for which of the followign projections of the abdomen is the xray beam placed in the horizontal position

upright, PA
AP, lateral decubitus

337

what is placed perpendicular to the long axis of the grid for a lateral projection of the abdomen

midcoronall plane

338

where is the cente rof the cassette positioned for a lateral projection of the abdomen done in the dorsal decubits position?

2" above iliac crests

339

what is respiration phase for all projections of the biliary tract or gallbladder?

expiration

340

when is the contrast medium for oral cholecystography given to the patient

2-3 hours after evening meal

341

why is the prone position the best position for demonstrating the structures of the biliary system

places the structures closer to the cassette`

342

where is cassette centered for a PA gallbladder radiograph

variable, depending on the body habitus

343

during an operative cholangiogram the surgeon injects the contrast medium directly into the bilialry system. what projections are typically done during this procedure in surgery

AP
AP, oblique, RPO

344

the inner portion of the sac that lines the abdominopelvic cavity is

visceral peritoneum

345

during an ERCP an endoscope is passed into the duodenum under flouroscope control. "spot" radiographs are usutally taken of the

pancreatic duct
common bile duct

346

what orangs lie in the abdominal cavity?

stomach
gallbladder
kidneys

347

what organs lie in pelvic cavity

rectum
bladder

348

outer portion of the sac that lines the abdominopelvic cavity is

parietal peritoneum

349

narrow space between the 2 layers of the peritoneum is called

peritoneal cavity

350

what should be clearly demonstrated on an AP/PA oblique projection of the lungs?

lungs & trachea filled with air

351

where should top of cassette be positoned for an AP oblique projection of the lungs?

1 1/2 - 2" above vertebral ___ or 5" above jugular notch

352

for AP oblique projection of the chest, what side is of interest?

side closest to the cassette

353

what does the diaphram do when the lungs expand?

drops

354

what is the body habitus?

shape of your insides

355

where is the thymus?

behind the manubrum sterni

356

what does the thorasic viscera consist of

lungs
mediastinum

357

right lung is ____" shorter than the left

1

358

for PA oblique projection of teh chest, what is the side of interest?

furtherest from cassette

359

what is CR angle for Lindblom of demonstrating pulminary aspes?

0*

360

what is the space between the 2 pleural cavities?

mediastinum

361

how many chambers are in the thoracis cavity?

3

362

what organs are in thoracic cavity?

lungs
heart
respiratory organs
cardiovascular organs
lympathic organs
inferior portion of the esphogus
thymus gland

363

the trachea is anterior/inferior to the esophagus?

anterior

364

trachea goves from C6 -

T4/T5

365

where does the trachea divide?

at the carina

366

what is carina

hooklike process at end of trachea

367

foreign bodies that enter the trachea are more likely to go to which lung?

right

368

terminal bronchioles communicate with

aveolar ducts

369

each aveolar duct ends in several

aveolar sacs

370

the aveolar sacs are lined with

alveoli

371

what does the alveioli do

gas exchange

372

what is the respiratory system made up

pharynx
trachea
bronchi
lungs

373

light spongy elastic substance that lungs are covered by

parenchyma

374

where are the apex parts of the lungs

above the clavicles

375

where is the base of the lungs

rests on diaphragm

376

during respiration the lungs move ____ on inpsiration

inferiorly

377

during respiration the lungs move ____ on expiration

superiorly

378

deep recesses of the parietal pleura

costophrenci angle

379

mediastinal surface is concave with a depression called ____ which accommodates blood vessels, nerves, etc

hilum

380

each lung is enclosed in a double-walled serious membrane sac called

pleura

381

inner layer of teh pleural sac that adheres to the surface of the lung

visceral pleura

382

outer layer of the pleaural sac tha tlines the wall of teh thoracic cavity

parietal pleura

383

space between the visceral and parietal pleura

pleural cavity

384

tongue-shaped process on the anteromedial border of left lung

lingula

385

does the mediastinum contain the lungs?

no

386

true/false?
thymus atrophies as you age

true

387

shield on sternum

manubrium

388

on PA position ___ is closer to IR

heart

389

on left lateral positon ___ is closer to IR

heart

390

quantity of electrons

mAs

391

quality of or penetrability

kVp

392

kVp is ___ on chest xrays

120

393

breathing instructions for chest xrays:

full inspiration on 2nd breath

394

gas or air in pleural cavity

pheumonthorax

395

code of ethics followed by RT includes

attention to radiation safety
public education

396

what organization stipulates that patient/family complaints must be in place/made available for use as part of continuing quality improvement

JCAHO

397

people from outside the hopstial such as patients, families, physicians, and others w/in community

outside customer

398

members of other dept

inside customer

399

understanding but not necessarily agreeing w/ somene position

empathy

400

maslow's hiearchy of needs

1. physiological needs: food, shelter, clothing
2. feeling of safety: family/health/property
3. love/belonging: friendship, family, sexual intimacy
4. satisfying relationships: self esteen, resepct
5. self-actualization: need to feel productive

401

control over emotions/actions

self discipline

402

interpret a sitation from an unbiased point of view

objectivity

403

acute stress brings on

fight/flight

404

primal stresses

life threatening
obtaining food
death

405

physical, chemical, emotinal factor that causes bodily/mental tension

stress

406

observations, mental images, a result of perceiving

perception

407

assisting or intending to assist memory

mnemonics

408

making wise decisions based on a set of universally accepted values

critical thinking

409

natural cohesivness in a group

herd instinct

410

father of medicine

hippocrates

411

what day was xray discovered

November 8, 1895

412

who discovered xray

wilhelm roentgen

413

technological knowledge doubles every

15-18 months

414

state of complete physical, mental, social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease

health

415

pattern of response of living organism to some form of injury

diease

416

rateof death from various conditions

mortality

417

occurrence of disease

morbidity

418

effecting many people at once; an outbreak or porduct of sudden rapid growth

epidemic

419

disease occurring over a wide area and affecting in exceptionally high proportions of population

pandemic

420

infectious diseases account for what percoent of all visits to docs each year

25

421

who primarily worked w/ fluroscope?

edison

422

credited w/ radium

marie curie

423

how many properties of xrays are there

12