Final Exam 201-300 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam 201-300 Deck (100)
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1

The bony part of the bridge of the nose is formed by the

nasal bones

2

Alveolar processes are seen on two facial bones, the ______ and the ______

mandible; maxilla

3

Two foramina in the mandible that are important sites for injection of dental anesthetics are the mandibular foramen and the ______foramen.

mental

4

A triangular bone that forms the inferior and posterior part of the nasal septum is the

vomer

5

A bone located between the mandible and the larynx is the ______ bone

hyoid

6

The adult vertebral column consists of ____cervical vertebrae, _______thoracic vertebrae, _______lumbar vertebrae, _______sacral vertebrae fused into one, and ______coccygeal vertebrae fused into one or two bones.

7; 12; 5; 5; 4

7

The anteriorly concave curves of the vertebral column are the _______ and the _______

thoracic; sacral

8

The two short, thick processes between the body and laminae of a vertebra are the

pedicles

9

The largest vertebral foramina are found in the vertebrae of the _____region

cervical

10

An increase in abdominal weight may cause an exaggeration of the lumbar curvature of the spine known as swayback, or

lordosis

11

The functional classification of joints defined as slightly movable is the

amphiarthrosis

12

A fibrous joint uniting the bones of the skull is a

suture

13

The angle between articulating bones is decreased by a movement called

flexion

14

A bone moves away from the body's midline during

abduction

15

Any painful state of the body's supporting structures is known as

rheumatism

16

A degenerative joint disease that results from the combined effects of aging, irritation of joints, wear and abrasion, is

osteoarthritis

17

The forcible wrenching or twisting of a joint without dislocation is called a

sprain

18

A partial or incomplete dislocation is called a

subluxation

19

The study of motion of the human body is called

kinesiology

20

When an epiphyseal plate closes, it is transformed from a synchondrosis into a(n)

synostosis

21

In a symphysis, the articulating bones are joined by

fibrocartilage

22

A syndesmosis would be classified structurally as a ______joint

fibrous

23

The function of the inner lining of the articular capsule is to produce

synovial fluid

24

Fibrous connective tissue that connects one bone to another in a joint capsule is called a

ligament

25

Nutrients are supplied to the chondrocytes of the articular cartilage by

synovial fluid

26

Fluid-filled sacs located between bones and overlying tissues that help alleviate pressure are called

bursae

27

Fibrocartilage pads that extend from the fibrous capsule into the joint cavity between articulating bones in large synovial joints are called

articular discs (menisci)

28

Someone who has a "torn cartilage" in the knee has damaged a(n)

articular disc (meniscus)

29

The elbow is an example of a(n) _____joints

hinge

30

The articulation of the clavicle and the acromion process of the scapula is an example of a(n) _____joint

gliding