Flashcards in Final Exam - 2016 Deck (150):
What is the term for a flow of energy that moves from one single species to another single species?
What is the term for all the changes that occur in a lifetime?
What is the term for the keeping of a constant internal environment despite changes in the external environment?
What is the term for the joining of two non-identical cells to form one cell?
What flows through life systems and always begins with the sun?
What is the term for the making of more cells or the increase in the material of one cell?
What is the term for a group of similar looking organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring?
What is the term for a testable explanation of a situation?
What is the term for a change in an organism to make it better suited to live in its environment?
What is the term for a reaction to a stimulus?
What is the term for any change in the surroundings of an organism that causes it to react?
What is the term for the production of two identical cells from one cell?
What is the term for the study of the standards of what is right and wrong?
What is the term for the surrounding of an organism?
What is the term for the symbiotic relationship illustrated by a tick and a dog?
What is the term for the role that an organism plays in it environment?
What is the term for an expression of all the possible feeding relationships at each trophic level?
What is the term for the symbiotic relationship in which both species are benefitted?
What is the term for organisms that feed on dead organisms and return nutrients to the soil?
What is the term for an organism that is unable to make its own food and must take in nutrients made by other living things?
What is the term for an organism that has the ability to make it own food?
What is the term for the act of one animal preying on another?
What is the term for the place or area in which an organism lives?
What is the term for a group of populations inhabiting the same place at the same point in time?
What is the symbiotic relationship in which one organism is benefitted while the other is unaffected?
What substance is starch, sugar, cellulose and glycogen all an example of?
Who was the Swedish Botanist who classified organisms based on physical characteristics?
What is the term for a set of paired statements about characteristics that can be used to identify organisms?
What is the branch of biology that is concerned with the grouping and naming of organisms?
What is the term for a large molecule formed when many smaller molecules bond together, usually in chains?
What is the term for the grouping of organisms or information based on similarities?
What is the term for the evolutionary history of a species?
What is the term for a group of protons, neutrons and electrons together as a group - the building block of matter?
What are the two latin word naming system for all organisms?
What is a combination of substances in which individual substances retain their own properties?
What is the Kingdom that some plant-like, animal-like, and fungus-like organisms belong to?
What is the term for a molecule with a large portion of C-H bonds and are used for long term storage?
What is the term for a negatively charged particle that circles the outside of the nucleus?
What is the term for the classification where organisms are categorized based on shared derived characteristics that can be traced to a group's most recent common ancestor?
What is the term for organisms in this particular Kingdom that are photosynthetic autotrophs?
What is the term for the center of an atom?
What is the term for the group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds and have no overall charge?
What is the chemical formula for glucose?
What is the term for a chain of amino acids?
What is the Kingdom in which organisms obtain food from diverse pathways?
What is the Kingdom in which organisms absorb nutrients from decomposing or dead organisms?
What is the term for a positively charged particle found in the center of an atom?
What is the Kingdom for organisms that are eukaryotic multi-cellular consumers?
What is a substance that is composed of atoms of different elements chemically bonded?
What is the term for a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances?
What is the term used as a storage tool?
What is something that transports light energy into chemical energy - a plastid?
What is the plasma membrane make up of?
What is the term for cells that only have two sets of chromosomes known as?
What is the term for what supports plant cells, by giving them a rigid structure?
What is the term for an organelle that converts sugars into energy?
What receives newly made proteins and distributes them?
What is the term for the part of a cell that receives newly made proteins and distributes them?
What is the term for different gene forms?
What is the control center of the cell?
What is the process by which food molecules are broken down to release energy?
What is the production of carbohydrates by plants that using the sun's energy called?
What is the term for when the concentration of dissolved substances is lower than the concentration inside the cell?
What is the term for sex cells?
What is the term for the concentration of dissolved substances that are higher than the concentration inside the cell?
What is the site of protein synthesis?
What is the term for the structures on the outside of a cell that are used for motion?
cilia or flagella
What is the folded system of membranes that act as a protein dilivery system?
Rough - - smoother
What is the cell division that take place in the sex cells?
What is the term for the structure that holds together sister chromatids?
What is the term for the structures that are made of DNA and pass on genetic information?
What is the term for the cell division of all the cells of the body except for sex cells?
What pulls the chromosomes apart?
What makes the spindle fibers and strengthens and reinforces?
What is the term for cells that only have one set of chromosomes?
What are the small units that are made up of deoxyribose, phosphate group and nitrogenous base?
What is the three letter sequence of tRNA that represents a specific amino acid?
What is the process of creating RNA from DNA?
What is the strand of genetic code that was created in the nucleus which matches the DNA strand?
What is the process of creating protein from RNA?
What is the term for the physical appearance of an organism?
What is the term for the scientific study of heredity?
What is ribosomal RNA?
What is the failure of homologous chromosomes to separate properly?
What disease is caused by a point nutation causing a change in hemoglobin and red blood cell shapes?
sickle cell anemia
What refers to the fraction or percentage that describes the likelihood of something happening?
What is the table or charts that records a line of ancestors?
What is the term for the making an exact copy of an organism by using the DNA of another organism?
What is the term for the shape of DNA - twisted ladder like a spiral staircase?
What is the term for the gene combination an organism contains?
What is used to help determine how often a trait appears in a small randomly selected group and projecting those results on the population as a whole?
What is the three letter sequence of mRNA?
What is the nitrogenous base found in RNA ONLY and replaces thymine?
What is the cell organelle that is responsible for synthesizing proteins?
What is the term for a grid that is used to visualize the probable offspring of genetic crosses?
What determines the sex of an organism and is represented by X and or Y?
What is thymine, quanine, cytosine and adenine examples of?
What is the term for the process of creating protein from RNA?
What is the term for different gene forms?
What is the genetic disorder where an extra finger or toe is present?
What are different underlying structures - same function and similar environments?
What is the body structure that is reduced in function in a living organism, but may have been used by previous ancestors?
What is the name of the most common type of bacteria - causes disease and decay - and gets energy from other sources?
What is the term for when organisms evolve and come together to one another through they have a common ancestor?
What is the process by which bacteria reproduce asexually?
What is the term for any evidence of an organism that lived long ago?
What is the term for the hominid that is known as the "Handy Man"?
What has the same underlying structures, different functions and different environments?
What is the term for characteristically walking on two legs?
What bacteria live in the presence of oxygen?
What is the protective outer covering of some bacteria?
What bacteria CANNOT live in the presence of oxygen?
What is the term for the transfer of some chromosomes from one bacterium to another?
What is the term for the change in an organism over time due to its environment?
What is the term for organisms that evolve and branch out and away from one another, though they have a common ancestor?
What is the formal term for Lucy the hominid?
What is the term for a finger that can be brought opposite the other fingers?
What is the term for the type of flower that has long, think parallel veins - and flower petals that are arranged into multiples of three?
What is the term for movement of an organism away from light?
What phylum includes organisms such as insects, arachnids and crustaceans?
What is the asexual reproduction where a filament is broken and each fragment continues to grow on its own?
In colonial green algae - chloroplasts are long, slender and spiraled ribbons are?
What is another name for "false feet" the way an amoeba moves?
In what phylum include the following organisms fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals?
Chrysophyta are an example of diatoms - which one?
What is the ability of a protists to detect and avoid objects in their path?
What is the term for when a living organisms gives off light?
What is the type of sporozoan that causes Malaria?
Phaeophyta - - has tissues resembling the roots, stems and leaves of plants?
What is the glass-like structure that is found in the cell walls of a diatom?
What belongs to kingdom Monera - it includes halophils, thermophils and methanogens?
What is the term for the evolution of a new species over time by isolation/natural barriers?
What is the term for the bacterium that live without oxygen and give off methane?
What are small changes in an organism over a long period of time - - or type of speciation?
What is a nonliving particle that can reproduce when it is in a living cell?
What cylce allows viral DNA to be reproduced in many cells?
What is the viral cycle in which the virus destroys the host's DNA?
What are large changes in an organism that happens rapidly - followed by no change and is a type of speciation?
In what phylum are organisms known as segmented worms?
What is the term for a leaf whose blade is divided into two or more distinct leaflets?
What lacks one or more of the following organisms - petals, sepals, stamen and pistil?
What phylum do the organisms have a water vascular system which is used for movement and structure?
What is the term for the leaf that is not divided into parts?
What term is used for having all four organs (petals, sepals, stamen and pistil)?
What is the veins branch stalk to stem - flower petals arranged in multiple of 4 or 5?
What is the term for a seed-bearing cone - but has no fruit or flower?
What are ferns an example of?
Mosses and liverworts are examples of what?
In what phylum do the organisms have three distinct body parts (head/foot, mantle and visceral mass)?