Final Exam - 2019 Flashcards Preview

Religion II - Groneck > Final Exam - 2019 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam - 2019 Deck (87)
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1

Who was Leonardo da Vinci? Why is he a "true Renaissance Man"

Famous artist, architect and scientist
Notebooks contained ideas for inventions

2

Why did both side dig trenches during WW1? What was life in the trenches like?

Defensive advantage (machine guns, barbed wire, minefields)
Very hard between attacks (snipers, rats, lice)

3

Why was the 30 years war so deadly? How did it affect Europe?

Various countries fought with mercenaries in Germany
Combat and disease killed 1/3 of the German population
Religious wars between countries became rare

4

Who developed the printing press? Why did it become such a significant invention?

Johannesburg Gutenberg
Literature could be copied more rapidly - allowing ideas to spread more quickly

5

Why did the Spanish Armada sail toward England? What happened to the Armada?

Spanish King Philip II - wanted to remove English Queen Elizabeth from the throne
Flaming ships and storms destroyed half the fleet

6

Why did the Battle of the Somme happen. What was the result?

British troops attacked intending to relieve pressure on Verdun
it was a disaster for British troops on July 1
This was the first use of tanks
G
Reman troops were diverted from Verdun

7

Discuss the Industrial Revolution - how did industrialization affect like in the Western world during the 1800's - Describe political, economic, and social developments during this period of history?

Britain became the center of Industrialization (iron, coal, rivers, empire)
Farming innovations led to surpluses and lower prices (disposable income)Innovations spread to mainland Europe and America after the Napoleonic Wars
Adam Smith and laissez-faire capitalism
Conflict between factory owner and workers
Workers joined unions to cause gradual reforms

8

Compare and contrast the unification movements in Italy and Germany - Discuss the political and military decisions made by the leaders in each movement - How did these unification movements affect the development of Europe?

Bismarck and Cavour both served as prime ministers
Both militarized their countries for wars of expansion and unification
Both tried to make their enemies appear to be aggressors
Italian alliance with France collapsed
Bismarck ignored protests from the German parliament
Germany and Italy became strong countries that would fight in both world wars

9

Discuss the outbreak of World War I - Which factors created the climate of chaos and war in the 1914 - describe significant events that contributed to the escalation of the conflict?

Powerful alliances developed to maintain a balance of powers
Militarism in Germany led to an arms race
Nationalism led to violence in the Balkans
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand led to ware between AHE and Serbia
Russia, Germany and France entered the war to support their allies and show strength
Britain enter the war to defend neutral Belgium

10

What is the term for rebirth?

Renaissance

11

What was the most powerful tribe that fought the British in South America?

Zulu

12

What is the Spanish term that mean Conqueror?

Conquistador

13

What is the German title for emperor?

Kaiser

14

What was the most valuable crop in the new world?

Sugar

15

What was made stronger and less expensive by the Bessemer process?

Steel

16

What did Christopher Columbus refer to the Arawaks as?

Indians

17

What help to produce faster ships and trains for transportation?

Steam engines

18

What were pardons sold so that people could avoid suffering in Purgatory?

Indulgences

19

What was the royal fortress that was stormed by a Parisian mob on July 14, 1789?

Bastille

20

What is a government that is led by religious clergy?

Theocracy

21

What term was given to members of the Second Estate before the French Revolution?

Nobles

22

Did Britain enter WWI after the invasion of Belgium?

YES

23

Is a Renaissance Man a man with a wide range of skills and knowledge?

YES

24

Did the French army win the Battle of the Marne?

YES

25

Did an Ideal women serve as muses for artists and writers during the Renaissance?

YES

26

Did Florence gifting ale become know as the Lady with the Lamp?

YES

27

Did most Europeans believe that the Earth was flat in 1492?

NO

28

Did Adam Smith develop the economic theory known as communism?

NO

29

Was the Americas named after Amerigo Vespucci?

YES

30

Was Prince Henry the Navigator killed by natives in the Philippines?

NO