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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (60):
1

Founder of the Theory of Evolution

Charles Darwin

2

Evolution happens because of natural selection

Theory of Evolution

3

Other Factors that effect ecosystems but arent climate factors

Geomophic. Soil Conditions, Disturbances (floods, forest fires, volcanos, and high winds)

4

Climate factors effecting Ecosystems.

temp
moisture
sunlight
Wind

5

Ecosystems are __________ without human interactions

balenced (even amount of predator/prey)

6

"Can't live without ya"

Mutualism

7

The variety of biological life supported by the Earth's biosphere or within a region

Biodiversity

8

________ oil is devasting the environment

Palm

9

Kudzo plants?

Bad, Kills everything

10

Texas Water Law

Law of the biggest well

11

National water law company

NPDES

12

Texas water law company

TPDES

13

#1 problem with water polution

People

14

Problem with water pollution is number of people __________, while the water supply _________.

Increase; Stays the same

15

Problem with DDT

Killed bugs but ruined the ecosystem.

16

Who was Rachael Carson?

Wrote Silent Spring which discovered the truth about DDT

17

How organisms interact within their environment

Ecology

18

Who was "Lord of the Ants"

Ed Wilson

19

Study of the distribution patterns of organisms over space and time and of the processes that produced these patterns

Biogeography

20

A collection of organisms and the environment with which they interact

Ecosystem

21

All living organisms in an area

Community

22

The dry weight of living organic matter in an ecosystem within a specific surface area

Biomass

23

Most productive ecosystem

Freshwater swamp

24

Why is the Nitrogen Cycle so important?

necesary for photosynthesis

25

Nitrogen is __% of air

80

26

What theory did Ed Wilson create that made such a public uproar

Sociobiology

27

Freshwater makes up only ___% of the Earth's water

2.5%

28

More than 97% of the Earth's water is _____ water contained in the oceans.

Salt

29

The subsurface water in the saturated zone that can move as part of the hydrologic cycle

Ground water

30

Absorption and downward movement of precipitation into the soil and regolith

infiltration

31

The flow of water leaving an area through surface, or ground water flow

runoff

32

The combined effect of evaporation and transpiration through plants

evapotranspiration

33

The upper limit of the body of ground water marking the boundary between the saturated and unsaturated zones

Water Table

34

A layer of rock or sediment that contains abundant freely flowing ground water

aquifer

35

Where the water hits the cavern flow, the deposits form upward-pointing formation called a

Stalagmite

36

Underground caverns near the surface can collapse to form surface depressions, or __________

Sinkholes

37

-v-

cone of depression

38

Removing water from underlying sediments can also cause _______, or sinking of the landscape.

Subsidence

39

A branched network of stream channels and adjacent land slopes that converge to a single channel at the outlet

Drainage system

40

The outline of streams draining a region often falls into a particular _________ ___________ that depends on the underlying rock structure.

drainage pattern

41

A long narrow body of flowing water moving along a channel to lower levels under the force of gravity

stream

42

A broad belt of low, flat ground bordering a river channel that floods reguarly

floodplain

43

A body of standing water without an appreciable gradient or current

Lake

44

Process that separates fresh water from sea water

Desalination

45

The fundamental levels through which energy flows through an ecosystem as the organisms at each level consume energy from the bodies of organisms in the level below

food chain

46

The position an organism occupies within a food web

trophic level

47

A more complete picture of energy flow through an ecosystem is a ________ _____, which shows all the energy flow links among species in an ecosystem.

food web

48

The production of carbohydrates from water and carbon dioxide, using light energy and releasing oxygen.

Photosynthesis

49

The biogeochemical cycle in which carbon moves through the biosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere

Carbon Cycle

50

A subdivision of the environment according to the needs and preferences of organisms or groups of organisms

Habitat

51

A close, coexisting interaction between species that is beneficial to at least one of the species and usually does not harm the other

Symbiosis

52

__________ is a type of symbiotic relationship in which one species gains nutrition from another.

Parasitism

53

A sequence of distinctive plant and animal communities that first colonize and then replace each preceding stage, leading to a stable mature forested community, often after clearance by burning, clear cutting, or other agents.

Ecological succession

54

The variety of biological life supported by the earth's biosphere or within a region

biodiversity

55

The creation of diversity of life-forms through the process of natural selection

Evolution

56

The selection of organisms by their survival in the environment in a process similar to selection of plants or animals by breeders

Natural selection

57

A collection of individual organisms that are capable of interbreeding to produce fertile offspring

species

58

Most organisms can move from their home territory to new sites in a process called __________.

dispersal

59

A _______ is a collection of closely related species that share a similar evolutionary history.

Genus

60

The largest recognizable subdivision of terrestrial ecosystems

biome