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Nutrition > Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (26):
1

Risk Factors Cardiovascular Disease

Saturated Fat (biggest), Low fruits and veggies, Added sugars (high calories), Low intake of Omega 3, Excessive alcohol intake (High calories)

2

Benefits Omega 3

Helps cholesterol and is heart healthy

3

Nutritional Prevention of Cancer

Phytochemicals, Fruits and Veggies, Antioxidants, Low fat, high fiber, maintain healthy weight, limit alcohol

4

Risks for cancer

Low phytochemicals, low omega 3, low fruits and veggies, high alcohol, excess fat, salt, red meat (sat. Fat)

5

3 stages Cancer Development

Initiation (started), Promotion (growing), Metastasis (moved around body)

6

Hypertension #

140/90

7

Pre Hypertension Range

120/80 - 139/89

8

Healthy Heart #

< 130/<80

9

Greatest risk for hypertension

High intake of salt

10

4 parts Fight Bac

Clean, Chill, Separate, Cook

11

Clean

Hands and surfaces

12

Chill

Microbes grow and multiply if not refrigerated

13

Separate

Don't cross contaminate

14

Cook Temp

145: Steaks, roasts, chops
160: eggs, ground meat
165: Chicken and turkey

15

Danger zone temps

40-140

16

Fridge temp

<40 (36)

17

Freezers

<0

18

Irradiation definition

Treating things with radioactive material

19

Irradiation benefits

Controls mold, kills microbes, extended shelf life, safe- like an xray at the dentist

20

Pasteurization Definition

Treating milk or juice with heat so the microbes are killed, then cooled again

21

Pros Pesticides

Controls insects, etc.

22

Cons Pesticides

Leaves residue

23

Ways to reduce pesticide residue

Peel, trim fat, wash, cut peels

24

Additive regulation

FDA determines if they are safe, GRA's are generally recognized as safe (sugar, salt), Benefits outweigh risks, not allowed to hide things, must have a purpose

25

Organic Foods pros

Not nutritionally better, but better for the environment (organic and local) with less pesticide residue

26

Pregnancy nutrient needs

More nutrients, moderately more energy; folate (prevent spina bifida), iron (supplement), B12 (cell synthesis)