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MUSIC 2240 > Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (22):
1

melos

word, scale, rhythm; sung poetry, greek drama (music, pitch)

2

ethos

ethical character; music has special power, character reflected in character of people

3

harmonia

well-fittedness of things; principle governing structure of entire cosmos

4

species of octave

disposition of half steps and whole steps - how Greek music is structured - interpreted by Boethius

5

Mass Ordinary

Kyrie, Gloria, Agnus Dei, Sanctus

6

Mass Proper

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7

Psalmody

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8

Development of chant, polyphony

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9

Notre Dame polyphony

Adding voices to pre-existing chant; making chant more elaborate/embellished

10

History of notation

Adiastematic (unheighted) neumes; evolves to diastematic (heighted) neumes, introducing relative pitch

11

Troubadours

Southern France, Occitan

12

Trouveres

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13

Isorhythm

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14

Italian trecento: Ars Nova, Ars Subtilior

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15

Rhythmic notation

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16

Reformation

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17

Faburden v Fauxbourdon

Faburden: improvising polyphony in England; Fauxbourdon: France equivalent

18

Counter Reformation

Council of Trent, issues with polyphony and using secular melodies in sacred music. Palestrina, other composers.

19

Music printing

Petrucci, triple impression type. First printing in 1501. Spreads music further, more people playing it, standardization between copies.

20

Instruments

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21

Instruments

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22

Baroque era characteristics

Invention/development of opera, basso continuo, rise of tonality and monody, and development of instrumental genres