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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (49)
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1

What are the 3 main elements of music?

Melody, harmony, rhythm

2

Changing key within 1 piece of music; can change the mood in music

modulation

3

a large-scale musical work for orchestra and voices, typically a narrative on a religious theme, performed without the use of costumes, scenery, or action

oratorio

4

Combined story with singing

opera

5

single soloist

concerto solo

6

orchestra with a small group of soloists

concerto grosso

7

Chamber piece written for small number of instruments

sonata

8

Double effect of clarifying harmony and making the texture more cohesive

basso continuo

9

method or technique of composition that uses a series of values to manipulate different musical elements

serialism

10

music that is intended to evoke images or convey the impression of events.

program music

11

What is the most important Italian opera?

L'orfeo

12

Who used past forms instead of experimentation?

Johannes Brahms

13

four musicians playing two violins, a viola, and a cello

string quartet

14

How many symphonies did Beethoven write?

9

15

cross between speaking and singing

sprechstimme

16

a recurrent theme throughout a musical or literary composition, associated with a particular person, idea, or situation.

Leitmotiv

17

musical system that arranges pitches or chords to induce a hierarchy of perceived relations, stabilities, and attractions

Tonality

18

Melody with a supporting accompaniment

Homophony

19

Combination of 2 or more individual melody lines simultaneously

Polyphony

20

Highness and lowness of sound

Pitch

21

Defines the loudness or softness of a musical stand

Dynamic

22

The tune of music, organized musical line

Melody

23

Double effect of clarifying harmony and making the texture more cohesive

Basso continuo

24

a rhythmically free vocal style that imitates the natural inflections of speech

Recitative

25

instrumental music played by a small ensemble, with one player to a part, the most important form being the string quartet which developed in the 18th century.

Chamber music

26

From which musical era does expressionism come from?

modernism

27

From which musical era does George Handel come from?

baroque

28

From which musical era does J.S. Bach come from?

Baroque

29

From which musical era does character pieces come from?

romantic

30

From which musical era does Sprechstimme come from?

modernism