Flashcards in final exam Deck (91):
skin, hair, nails, sweat and oil glands
outermost layer of the skin
what makes sweat antimicrobial?
High salt concentration
what are the conditions of the skin?
MRSA stands for what?
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
how is the spread of measles reduced?
how are Maculopapular Rash Diseases spread?
-through respiratory droplets
-humans are the only reservoir
what type of disease is measles?
Maculopapular Rash Diseases
another word for measles
treatment for measles
Replacing lost fluid and electrolytes
Remedies to relieve neurological and respiratory symptoms
Vitamin A supplements are recommended
disease that results in a "slapped cheek" appearance
how is fifth disease treated and prevented?
no vaccine and no treatment
Symptoms of small pox
Fever, malaise, and rash
How is small pox spread?
Bedding and clothing can also spread the disease
Localized infection of the capillaries
Transmission of leishmaniasis
Female sand flies
Causative agent of cutaneous anthrax
What causes infection if the conjunctiva?
Symptoms of bacterial infections of the conjunctiva
causative agent of fifth disease
what is the causative agent of roseola?
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and sometimes HHV-7
causative agent of Chickenpox and Shingles
Human herpesvirus 3 (HHV-3)
causative agent of small pox
causative agent of Leishmaniasis
Cutaneous leishmaniasis: Leishmania tropica
Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis: Leishmania siliensis
causative agent of Cutaneous Anthrax
what causes Meningoencephalitis?
Neuromuscular disease also known as “lockjaw”
what covers the heart and is also a target of microbial infection?
what the innermost layer of blood vessels is composed of
what the middle layer of blood vessels is composed of
connective tissue and muscle fibers-Outer layer: thin layer of connective tissue
presence of viruses in the blood
presence of fungi in the blood
presence of bacteria in the blood
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
what family does rubella virus come from?
causative agents of Impetigo
either Staphylococcus aureusor Streptococcus pyogenes, or combination of the two
treatment for roseola
no treatment and no vaccine
what disease can Neisseria meningitidis cause?
what vaccine has reduced the incidenses of Haemophilus influenza
causative agent of tuberculosis
extensively drug resistant
totally drug resistant
what type of genome structure does HIV have
single stranded RNA
causative agent of whooping cough
what agents cause pharyngitis?
the same viruses that cause the common cold
causative agent of the bubonic plague
what transmits the bubonic plague?
causative agent of Tularmenia
what trasmits tularmenia?
rabbits and rodents
causative agent of lyme disease
what transmits lyme disease?
characteristics of Maculopapular Rash Diseases
-Skin eruptions caused by a variety of microbes
-Flat to slightly raised colored bumps
causative agent of measles and its family and genus
types of Leishmaniasis
virus that causes rubella
prevention for rebulla virus
Attenuated rubella vaccine
causative agent of SSSS
symptoms of impetigo
Lesion: peeling skin, crusty and flaky scabs, or honey-colored crusts
vaccine for impetigo?
what is fomite?
any nonliving object or substance capable of carrying infectious organisms
what vaccine is used for chicken pox?
Live attenuated vaccine
symptoms of meningitis
Painful or stiff neck
Fever, Nausea and vomiting (
how is meningitis diagnosed?
Lumbar puncture (spinal tap), Gram stain, and/or culture of CSF are performed when meningitis is suspected
what disease can Haemophilus influenzae cause?
another name for viral meningitis
how is viral meningitis diagnosed?
failure to find bacteria or protoza
which diseases can Streptococcus pneumoniae cause?
what organisms can cause amoebic meningoencephalitis ?
how is amoebic meningoencephalitis transmitted?
fresh bodies of water
bacteria growing and flourishing in the blood
symptoms of malaria
fatigue, vague aches, and nausea with or without diarrhea, chills, fever, and sweating
causative agents of malaria
Plasmodium vivax and P. ovale
life cycle of malaria
Asexual phase: carried out in the human
Sexual phase: carried out in the mosquito
diagnosis of malaria
stained blood smear
genus of HIV virus
how does HIV replicate?
inside dendritic cells and the virus is shed without killing the cell
symptoms of endocarditis
Inflammation of the endocardium, or inner lining of the heart
Fever, fatigue, joint pain, edema of feet, legs, and abdomen, weakness, anemia, abnormal heartbeat
when does endocarditis typically occur?
when the bacteria is directly entered into the body
main organism causing endocarditis
symptoms of lyme disease
A rash at the site of a tick bite looks like a bull’s-eye with a raised erythematous ring
what causes sleeping sickness?
defenses of the respiratory tract
coughing and sneezing
what causes bacterial pharyngitis ?
most serious type of pharynitis
what are all the different ways pharyngitis can occur?
how is whooping cough prevented?
vaccine for tuberculosis
symptoms of TB
Violent coughing with greenish or bloody sputum
Anorexia, weight loss
Extreme fatigue, night sweats
of the Prevnar vaccine has reduced the incidence of which disease?
Acute otitis media