final exam Flashcards Preview

Spanish 2 > final exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in final exam Deck (38):
1

garlic

el ajo

2

shrimp

los camarones

3

onion

la cebolla

4

beer

la cerveca

5

grapes

las uvas

6

to feel like

apetecer

7

indirect object pronouns

me
te
le
nos
les

8

dar conjugation

doy
das
da
damos
dan

9

regular verbs in preterit

-ar endings:
é
aste
ó
amos
aron

-er/-ir endings:
í
iste

imos
ieron

10

spelling changes in preterite

-car, -gar, -zar have changes in 1st person singular

-c -> qu
-g -> gu
-z -> c

everything else stays the same

verbs with stem ending in vowel the i changes to y in 3rd person singular and plural and all other I's have accent marks

11

stem changes in preterite

-ir stem changing verbs
stem changes in third person singular and plural

e -> i
o -> u

12

preterite of ser

fui
fuiste
fue
fuimos
fueron

13

preterite of ir

fui
fuiste
fue
fuimos
fueron

14

preterite of estar

estuve
estuviste
estuvo
estuvimos
estuvieron

15

preterite of tener

tuve
tuviste
tuvo
tuvimos
tuvieron

16

preterite of dar

di
diste
dio
dimos
dieron

17

preterite of ver

vi
viste
vio
vimos
vieron

18

algo, alguien
nada, nadie

algo and nada refer to things

alguien and nadie refer to people

19

irregular verbs in preterite

hacer -> hic-
poder -> pud-
poner -> pus-
querer -> quis
saber -> sup-
venir -> vin-

endings for all
-e
-iste
-o
-imos
-ieron

20

imperect of regular verbs

- ar verbs
aba
abas
aba
ábamos
aban

-ir/-er verbs
ía
ías
ía
íamos
ían

21

imperfect of ir

iba
ibas
iba
ibamos
iban

22

imperfect of ver

veía
veías
veía
veíamos
veían

23

imperfect of ser

era
eras
era
éramos
eran

24

use of imperfect

- actions that were happening
- actions that used to happen

25

ordinal numbers

primero
segundo
tercero
cuarto
quinto
(must agree in number and gender)

26

por vs para

por: before, during, motivation

para: objective, purpose, deadline, destination, comparisons

27

regular forms of present subjunctive

-ar:
-e
-es
-e
-emos
-en

-er/-ir:
-a
-as
-a
-amos
-an

28

tener in subjunctive

tenga
tengas
tenga
tengamos
tengan

29

hacer in subjunctive

haga
hagas
haga
hagamos
hagan

30

spelling changes in present subjunctive

-car: c -> qu
-gar: g -> gu
-zar: z -> c

31

irregular present subjunctive

any first person singular indicative that doesn't end in o

32

haber in subjunctive

haya
hayas
haya
hayamos
hayan

33

ir in subjunctive

vaya
vayas
vaya
vayamos
vayan

34

saber in subjunctive

sepa
sepas
sepa
sepamos
sepan

35

ser in subjunctive

sea
seas
sea
seamos
sean

36

dar in subjunctive


des

demos
den

37

estar in subjunctive

esté
estés
esté
estemos
estén

38

use of subjunctive

- the noun clause i sa dependent clause
- meaning of verb in clause: doubt, possibility, need, desire
-