Final Exam Flashcards Preview

Psychology 1030 > Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (31):
1

from of therapy in which a trained professional uses methods based on psychological theories to help a person who has psychological problems.

Psychotherapy

2

Psychotherapy based on social learning theory in which the therapist helps the client to change their abnormal cognitions.

cognitive behavior therapy

3

humanistic therapy where the therapist takes an active role to help the client to become more aware of his/her feelings.

Gestalt Therapy

4

Psychotherapy conducted in groups. typically of 4-8 clients at a time.

Group Therapy

5

Based on Carl Rogers approach to humanistic psychotherapy, where the therapist creates an atmosphere to encourage clients to discover feelings that may be unaware of.

Client-Centerd Psychotherapy

6

Psychotherapy that emphasizes the understanding of each family member. usually all family members have to be present.

Family Therapy

7

A medical therapy that uses medications to treat abnormal behavior.

Drug Therapy

8

Those therapies, including Drug Therapy, Electro-Convulsive therapy, Psycho-Surgery, is designed to correct a physical condition caused by a psychological disorder.

Medical Therapy

9

A medical therapy that uses electrical currents to control convulsive seizures.

Electro-Convulsive Therapy

10

A medical therapy that involves operating on the brain to alleviate mental disorders.

Psycho-Surgery

11

A theory that people tend to look for explanations for their own behavior in others.

Attribution Theory

12

A therapeutic technique in which the therapist and client act as if they were people in other problem situations.

Role Playing

13

A tool used by Fried in which the patient is encouraged to talk about whatever comes to mind.

Free Association

14

Method developed by Freud, in which the patient is encouraged to recall dreams and the therapist tries to interpret and reveal their dream meaning.

Dream Interpretation

15

A behavior therapy in which a person with a phobia is first exposed to that phobia which will be mildly fear provoking.

Graded Exposure

16

Any form of patient opposition to the process of Psychoanalysis.

Resistance

17

The phenomenon in psychoanalysis in which the person comes to feel and act toward the therapist that resembles how they feel about other significant adults.

Transference

18

The release of emotional energy related to unconscious conflicts.

Catharsis

19

Technique used in Humanistic Psychotherapy in which the therapist reflects the emotions of the client to help the client clarify their feelings.

Reflection

20

The branch of Psychology that studies individuals as they interact with others.

Social Psychology

21

An effect in which working in a group improves one's performance on individual projects.

Social Facilitation

22

The tendency of members of a group to work less hard when group performance is measured than when individual performance is measured.

Social Loafing

23

The faulty decision making processes that may occur in groups.

Groupthink

24

The tendency for group discussion to make beliefs and attitudes more extreme.

Polarization

25

Yielding to group pressure even when no direct request to comply has been made.

Conformity

26

Culturally determined guidelines that tell people what behavior is expected of them.

Social Roles

27

Guidelines provided by every culture for judging acceptable and unacceptable behavior.

Social Norms

28

Beliefs that predispose one to act and feel in certain ways.

Attitudes

29

The tendency for first impression to heavily influence opinions about other people.

Primacy Effect

30

The process of forming impressions of others.

Person Perception

31

The process of changing another person's attitudes through arguments or other related means.

Persuasion