Final Exam Part 1- Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam Part 1- Vocab Deck (66)
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1
Q

Matrilineal

A

females in native societies had more rights than in comparison to European societies

2
Q

the Three Sisters

A

corns, beans, squash

3
Q

Crusades, Reformation, Renaissance

A

factors that drive Europeans to the new world

4
Q

Conquistadors

A

people who came to the New World. they conquered the land and the people living there

5
Q

Encomienda System

A

the system in which the Spanish were given land and were brutal to the Natives

6
Q

Bartolome De Las Casas

A

Catholic priest who writes about how brutal the Encomienda System is and how it is bad towards the Natives.

7
Q

Critical Race Theory

A

the Spanish believed they were better than anyone. these laws reinforced racial hierarchies

8
Q

the Casta System

A

Spanish men would marry anyone. this system showed the rankings of their children

9
Q

Peninsulars

A

those born in Spain

10
Q

Creoles

A

those born in the New World to Spanish
parents

11
Q

Mestizos

A

those born of Spanish men and native
women

12
Q

Mulattos

A

those born of Spanish men and African
Women

13
Q

the Columbian Exchange

A

result of Christopher Columbus in the New World. a trade set up between Europe and the New World.

Europe gives: pigs, horses, germs, sugar, wheat, bananas, goats, cows, chickens

New World gives: syphilis, Three Sisters

big win for Europe

14
Q

Spain in colonizing the New World

A

men looking to get rich through exploration, converting Natives to Catholicism (Southeast)

15
Q

French in colonizing the New World

A

men looking to make money via the fur trade. they rely on alliances with the Natives (Canada, North America)

16
Q

Dutch in colonizing the New World

A

Trade Empire, limited military, struggled to be profitable (Mid-Atlantic)

17
Q

English in colonizing the New World

A

economic and religious in nature, brought both men and women. settled all over America (most notable Northeast)

18
Q

Chesapeake and Southern Region

A

depended on tobacco, required intense labor, the gateway for slavery

19
Q

New England Region

A

families came for religious purposes, fishing and lumber is profitable

20
Q

Mid-Atlantic Region

A

British, cities, trade hubs with ports

21
Q

Mercantilism

A

an economic theory that the more you can export the better

22
Q

Salutary Neglect

A

the Colonies have a free hand in their affairs as long as they are profitable for England

23
Q

Navigation Acts of the 17th century

A

Parliament restricted colonial trade to only England

24
Q

Molasses Act

A

sets of acts by Britain, tightens control over colonial exports and manufacturing

25
Q

Mayflower Compact

A

signed while on the Mayflower, pledging to establish a civil government with the authority to enact laws

26
Q

Beaver Wars

A

British vs. French (both had Native alliances) over fur

27
Q

The Pequot War

A

British colonists unite with other
native tribes to wipe out the Pequot tribes

28
Q

King Phillip’s War

A

fighting between Colonists and Natives. the deadliest war in colonial period.

29
Q

Bacon’s Rebellion

A

Nathaniel Bacon leads revolt in Virginia because of over-taxation. he takes over, dies shortly. everything goes back to how it was originally.

as a result African slavery becomes popular.

30
Q

Triangle Trade

A

the flow of goods, and slaves from Europe, Africa, and the New World

31
Q

Middle Passage

A

the name of the slave journey from Africa to the New World

32
Q

Stono Rebellion and Resistance

A

enslaves people rebel and march South. they are killed and their dead bodies were publicly displayed to warn other slaves

33
Q

French and Indian War

A

Britain and Colonists vs. French and Natives over to see which European Empire would control the New World

34
Q

Treaty of Paris 1763

A

ends the French and Indian War, leaves Britain as the European Power in the New World

35
Q

Sugar Act

A

enforced laws over smuggling. court cases were tried in British courts rather than colonial courts

36
Q

Stamp Act

A

direct tax on anything printed in
the colonies

37
Q

Quartering Act

A

allowed British troops to live in colonists’ houses for free.

38
Q

Proclamation Act

A

Britain forbid colonists from
settling beyond the Appalachian
mountains

39
Q

Sons of Liberty

A

founded by Samuel Adams, a group who caused many British rebellions

40
Q

The Townshend Acts

A

taxes would be used to pay British government officials, private homes could be searched
for smuggled goods, led to boycott English goods

41
Q

Boston Massacre and Boston Tea Party

A

led by Son’s of Liberty, uprising against British

42
Q

Intolerable Acts

A

the Coercive Acts and the Quebec Acts

43
Q

Coercive Acts

A

closed the Port of Boston, reduced the power of the Massachusetts Legislature, expanded Quartering Act

44
Q

Quebec Acts

A

organized the new Canadian lands gained in the French and Indian War, established Roman Catholicism as the official religion

45
Q

Enlightenment

A

movement that believed most of humanity’s problems could be solved through human reason

46
Q

First Continental Congress

A

men wrote a letter to the King protesting

47
Q

Declaration of Rights

A

from the First Continental Congress to the King:
-colonists wanted former colonial rights
-if not boycott
-if rights were not recognized, Congress would meet again

48
Q

2nd Continental Congress

A

met after the battle of Lexington and Concord

49
Q

Olive Branch Petition

A

the last plea for peace by the colonists to King George

50
Q

Declaration of Independence

A

written by Thomas Jefferson, established the the 13 colonies are no longer apart of Britain

51
Q

Battle of Lexington and Concord

A

first battle of the Revolutionary War

52
Q

Continental Army

A

led by George Washington, main colonial army

53
Q

Battle of Trenton

A

saving moment for the Continental Army, turning point

54
Q

Battle of Saratoga

A

US victory caused the French become allies with the United States

55
Q

Battle of Yorktown

A

final battle of the Revolutionary war, Britain surrenders

56
Q

Treaty of Paris established:

A

-ended the war
-Britain would recognize the USA as an independent nation
-the Mississippi River is the western boundary
-Americans would pay debts owed to British

57
Q

Articles of Confederation

A

the original laws of American government, focused on state government rather than federal

58
Q

Land Ordinance

A

organized Northwest territories so that land could be sold to pay off the national debt

59
Q

Northwest Ordinance

A

territories would be under Federal control until population reached a certain size and then they could apply for statehood (no slaves in territories)

60
Q

Shay’s Rebellion

A

Daniel Shay leads a rebellion over over-taxation. shows that Articles of Confederation are not working

61
Q

New Jersey Plan

A

every state has equal number of representation

62
Q

Virginia Plan

A

representatives wanted to tie representation to state population

63
Q

Great Compromise

A

created the set up of Congress with a House and Senate

64
Q

Federal System

A

government with a strong, limited central
government

3 Branches-Legislative, Executive, and Judicial

65
Q

Three-Fifths Compromise

A

counted enslaved people as three-fifths of a person for the purposes of determining a state’s level of taxation and representation

66
Q

The Bill of Rights

A

were added to convince states who had not ratified the Constitution to join the Union