Final Exam Quick Review Flashcards Preview

RUSVM PHARMACOLOGY- Pharm Final Sp 2017 > Final Exam Quick Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Quick Review Deck (36):
1

Emetic of Choice in dogs and why would you use it in dogs?

Apomorphine
Stimulates D2

2

Why is apomorphine not the emetic of choice in cats?

Cats have less dompamine and less H1 receptors in CRTZ

3

Appetite stimulant for dogs only and MOA

Capromorelin
-grehlin agonist

4

Antiemetic/Appetite Stimulant that is used in dogs>cats due to dosage

Mirtazapine

5

Dopamine antagonist, anti-emetic for dogs > cats

Metoclopramide

(For reflux, chemotherapy, surgery)

6

Two main emetics used for cats and why

Xylazine & Dexmedatomidine

-more alpha-2 receptors and more 5HT receptors

7

Would you give a cat prednisone or prednisolone? Why?

Prednisolone- cats, horses, and patients in hepatic failure may not convert prednisone to prednisolone

8

Appetite stimulant in cats>dogs
(Do not give orally)
GABA Antagonist

Benzodiazepines

9

Appetite stimulant in cats > dogs
Serotonin Antagonist

Cyproheptadine

10

Effect of propofol on cats if given for 5+ consecutive days

Heinz Body Anemia

11

T/F: Diazepam should only be given to cats orally

FALSE: Diazepam should only be given IV to cats
Effective anti-emetic in cats

12

Which drug is contraindicated in cats because it can cause asthma/eosinophilic pneumonitis?

Bromide

13

Which drug is contraindicated in cats because it can cause diabetes after several months?

Depo-Medro

14

Which drug is contraindicated in cats due to toxicity to liver and bone marrow?

Azathioprine

15

What class of drug is maropitant? What ROA is contraindicated in cats?

Anti-Emetic (Maropitant = Cerenia)
Oral contraindicated in cats

16

T/F phosphate enemas are contraindicated in cats

TRUE

17

Reversal to Xylazine

Yohimbine

18

Reversal to opiods

Naloxone

19

Reversal to benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

20

Reversal to dexmedatomidine

antipamizole

21

Which is the only ROA approved for calcium chloride?

IV ONLY
"BOLUS SLOWLY"

22

No more than ___% dextrose

No more than 5% dextrose

23

Only insulin that can be given IV?

Regular insulin (Humulin R)

24

Which drug is contraindicated with ketoconazole?

Cyclosporin

25

___________ is the mechanistic antagonist for apomorphine but CONTRAINDICATED in gastric obstructions

Metaclopromide

26

Which drug should not be given with antacids because it requires a low pH?

Sulcrate

27

What drug is contraindicated with biliary oobstruction?

Ursodiol

28

DoC (drug of choice) for Malignant Hyperthermia

Dantrolene

29

DoC for Acute tx of seizures

Benzodiazepines

30

DoC for chronic treatment of seizures (unless contraindicated by side effects)

Phenobarbitol

31

DoC as an anti-emetic (NK1 antagonist)

Maropitant

32

DoC for H2 blockers

Famotidine

33

DoC for NSA ID induced gastric ulcers

Misoprostol

34

DoC for Megacolon or constipation in cats

Cisapride

35

DoC for respiratory distress (kappa agonist, mu ANTagonist)

Butorphanol

36

Bethanochol is contraindicated in what condition

Urinary obstruction