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Flashcards in Final Exam Review Deck (33)
1

What organelle is responsible for breaking down drugs that may be harmful to the cell?

Endoplasmic Reticulum

2

What is the smallest, most abundant organelle in the cell?

The ribosome

3

What is the most visible organelle in the cell?

The nucleus

4

Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes

Prokaryotes - no nucleus
Eukaryotes - nucleus

5

Which organelle breaks down wastes and damaged organelles?

Lysosomes

6

Which organ system has the function of moving the body and providing movement?

Muscular

7

Which organ system has the function of supporting and protecting the body and its organs?

Skeletal system

8

Which organ system has the function of supplying oxygen to cells and removing wastes?

Cardiovascular

9

Least complex Most complex
_____ _____ _____ _____ _____

Cell - Tissue - Organ - Organ system - Organism

10

Most complex to Least complex: DNA, genes, chromosomes

Chromosomes, Genes, DNA

11

What is density?

The ratio of a substance's mass to its volume (d=m/v)

12

What is a dependent variable?

The factor that changes on its own due to the effect of the independent variable

13

What is an independent variable?

The factor that is purposely changed to test the hypothesis.

14

State the steps of the engineering design process

Identify and research a need
Develop possible solutions
Create a prototype
Test and evaluate the prototype
Improve the prototype

15

What is the difference between assistive and adaptive technologies?

Assistive - Helps people with disabilities complete a task more easily, without changing the organism (e.g.: wheelchairs,glasses)
Adaptive - Changes the organism to help it overcome a disability (.e.g: heart transplant ,laser eye surgery)

16

State the scientific method

Ask a question
Form a hypothesis
Test the hypothesis
Analyze the data
Draw conclusions
Communicate results

17

What is the equation for work and what is the unit for work?

Work = Force * Distance; Joules (J)

18

Which type of wave can travel without a medium?

Electromagnetic waves

19

All Electromagnetic waves are

Transverse waves

20

Which type of wave needs a medium to travel through?

Mechanical/Longitudinal

21

What is the difference between speed and velocity?

Velocity is speed with a direction

22

What is work?

When a force is applied to an object and it moves a certain distance

23

During what step of mitosis does a cell plate form in plant cells?

Telophase

24

Name the 3 parts of the cell theory

1) all cells come from existing cells
2)the cell is the basic unit of all living things
3) every living thing is made up of cells

25

What is the equation for cellular respiration?

glucose + oxygen = ATP + water + carbon dioxide

26

What is the equation for photosynthesis?

Water + carbon dioxide + sunlight = glucose + oxygen

27

What landforms can occur at a convergent boundary?

Continental - Continental ______ Mountains
Oceanic - oceanic ________island arcs
Continental - oceanic _____volcanic arcs

28

What landforms can occur at a divergent boundary?

Mid ocean ridges

29

What landforms can occur at a transform boundary?

Earthquakes

30

Which two pairs of bases go together?

A + T(Adenine and Thymine)
G + C(Guanine and Cytosine)

31

What is a liquid mixture of hydrocarbon compounds?

Petroleum

32

What is formed from partially decomposed plant material and is solid?

Coal

33

What are gaseous hydrocarbons below the surface of the earth

Natural gas