Final Exam Review Flashcards Preview

MS2 - Nervous System > Final Exam Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Review Deck (38):
1

One in ________ people who try marijuana will develop cannabis use disorder.

nine

2

True or false: chronic stimulant use will lead to the development of tolerance to anorexia.

True!

3

Reckless behavior in children is often a sign of ____________.

ADHD

4

Fluvoxamine is unique in that it does not cause _____________.

sedation

5

Lithium and lithium/divalproex are ____________ drugs.

relapse prevention (the SNAPP quiz said they are not maintenance drugs)

6

Interestingly, some studies have shown that during a panic attack, people typically have less __________________ in the prefrontal cortex.

natural benzodiazepine binding

7

Agoraphobia is a common feature of which anxiety disorder?

Panic disorder (not social anxiety!)

8

The anxiety disorder with the greatest amount of co-morbid psychiatric illness is _______________.

generalized anxiety disorder

9

Which sedatives are used to treat ischemic brain injury and why?

Barbiturates

They decrease calcium uptake, decrease oxygen use, and decrease ICP.

10

Which cortical layer is strictly motor?

V

11

Feedforward processing originates in which cortical layers?

V and VI

12

Compared to someone in a vegetative state, a person in a minimally conscious state might display what?

Purposeful movement

13

At higher doses, ethanol has been shown to inhibit what neurotransmitter system?

NMDA – glutamate

14

Abulia can result from a lesion to what?

The ACC

15

Severe lithium toxicity leads to what symptoms?

Stupor, coma, seizures

16

Nicotine is addictive because it stimulates neurons to release ________________.

opioids and dopamine

17

Why is fructose given to those with alcohol toxicity?

Because it converts NADH to NAD, which speeds the metabolism of alcohol

18

___________________ are sometimes given to those with alcohol toxicity to decrease hyperexcitability.

Benzodiazepines

19

Ondansetron antagonizes which receptor?

5HT3

20

Glycopyrrolates are antimuscarinics that are used to ________________ in surgery.

prevent excess secretions and bradycardia

21

MAC is _______________ between drugs.

linearly additive

22

Induction is the time between start of drug administration and what stage of anesthesia?

III

23

Depth of anesthesia is determined by ________________.

concentration of anesthetic in the brain

24

True or false: thalamic relay neurons carry information two ways – from the thalamus to the cortex and from the cortex to the thalamus.

True

25

The amygdala projects to the hypothalamus via the ______________.

stria terminalis

26

What kind of amnesia is present in Kluver-Bucy syndrome?

Anterograde and retrograde

27

Someone with a hippocampus lesion is unable to __________________.

"consolidate long-term memories"

28

What three things are true of REM sleep?

- paralysis is induced except for the eyes, diaphragm, and middle ear muscles
- it arises from pontine nuclei
- a temporary state of poikilothermia (lack of body temperature regulation) exists

29

The locus coeruleus, raphe nuclei, and cholinergic nuclei of the midbrain are all _________________ while awake.

more active

30

What three things did Dr. Sakai focus on in his panic-disorder questions?

- that those with PD have suicide rates comparable to major depression
- that those with PD are hypersensitive to alpha-2 antagonists
- are more likely to have histories of childhood trauma

31

Anxiety ________________ the presence of depression.

predicts

32

About 1/3 of those with PD only have panic attacks ___________.

at night

33

Dopamine blocking in the ______________ is responsible for the diabetes, weight gain, and appetite increases seen in those taking antipsychotics.

hypothalamus

34

True or false: those with schizophrenia are usually oriented to A&O x3.

True

35

Which thalamic nucleus is involved in the limbic system?

The anterior nucleus – this receives the mammillothalamic tract and sends axons to the cingulate gyrus.

36

True or false: the cingulate cortex is continuous with the entorhinal cortex.

True! This is the final bit of the limbic circuit.

37

The diagonal band of Broca connects the ________________.

entorhinal cortex to the anterior nucleus of the thalamus

38

Releasing hormones proceed down the _____________ to reach the anterior pituitary.

median eminence

Decks in MS2 - Nervous System Class (111):