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Flashcards in Final Exam review Terms and Examples Deck (21):
1

boycott

refusal to buy or use goods

Ex: Tea act, when British parliament taxed colonists on tea to help the BEIC, and the colonists threw their hand down and DiDNT GET TEA :OOOO

2

Tarriff

TAX placed on goods imported/exported from one country to another

Ex: tariff of Abominations, made so North industry could florish and americans would want to buy more products from the U.S.

3

Strike

refusal of work
Ex: When the Lowell girls fought for better working conditions, shorter hours, ect. and they created a union to protest, going on strike

4

Ratify

to officially approve a treaty, conduct, or amendment

5

abolish

end a system, practice, or institution
Ex: the 13th amendment, officially ending slavery :DDD

6

Amendment

Revision or addition to a bill, law, or condition

Ex: first amendment, granting people right to free speech

7

Constitution

Supreme law of the land; highest set of laws we have

8

Spoils system

Act of replacing government officials with supporters (new president)
Ex: Andrew Jackson was the first president to do this

9

Mercantilism

States under a country were meant to support the country succeed.

Ex: colonies were meant to help New England (their resources, what grown them, cotton, ect.)

10

Printing press

First machine to print text or pictures
Invented during renaissance

Ex: Mass production of books
Benefited production of the Bible

11

Slave Codes

Harsh restrictions on slaves to establish social order
D:/
Ex: could not vote
Go to school
Own weapon

12

Navigation acts

Acts passed in British Parliament designed so that colonies could only trade with England

13

Committees of Correspondence

After Boston Massacre Samel Adams created Committees of Correspondence
Thomas Paine wrote of the bad things England did to colonists in the letters
The letters were sent throughout the town

14

Judicial review

Idea Supreme Court HAS right to decide whether laws/actions of congress are constitutional or not in judicial branch (of Supreme Court)
Ex: Marbury v. Madison used to establish judicial review

15

Monroe Doctrine

Message telling congress to stay in your own hemisphere and protect Latin American countries

16

Kitchen cabinets

Small group of unofficial advisers
Ex: Andrew Jackson had this calling it his "ginger group"

17

Manifest destiny

Belief U.S. Was meant to expand coast to coast to the pacific
Ex: The U.S. went to war with Mexico to gain land for the belied of the manifest destiny

18

Gadsden Purchase

When U.S. Achieved the Manifest Destiny, gained New Mexico + Alaska

19

Underground Railroad

System of safe houses for slaves to get to Canada and get their freedom

20

Sectionalism

Different lifestyles, Social Structures, customs, political values in north vs. south.
Ex: back then, it was rare to say you're American, you'd usually say you were a "northerner" or "southerner" because of the amount of sectionalism in America

21

Fugitive slave law of 1850

Law that said if you caught a slave who ran from their owner, you had to turn them into the police or otherwise you'd get jailed. Northerners were extremely angry about this