Final - Lab part Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final - Lab part Deck (50):
1

Trochlear groove

Smooth articular surface on the cranial surface of the distal end in which the patella rides
The trochlear groove is the concave surface where the patella (kneecap) makes contact with the femur. Also called the 'trochlea'

2

Humerus

the bone of the upper arm or forelimb, forming joints at the shoulder and the elbow

3

Frog on a horse

The frog is a part of a horse's hoof, located on the underside, which should touch the ground if the horse is standing on soft footing. The frog is triangular in shape.

4

Cannon bone

Metacarpal/Metatarsal III in horses and Metacarpal/Metatarsal III and IV in cows
Long, tube-shaped bone in the lower leg of a horse or other large quadruped, between the fetlock and the knee or hock.

5

Foramen magnum

Large hole in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord exits the skull

6

Tibia

Main weight-bearing bone of lower hind leg.
Forms the stifle joint with the femur proximal to it and the hock with the tarsus distal to it

7

Spine of scapula

The prominent triangular ridge on the dorsal aspect of the scapula.

8

Ulna

One of the two bones (radius is the other) that form the antebrachium (forearm). Ulna forms a major portion of the elbow joint with the distal end of the humerus.

9

Obturator Foramen

One of a pair of large holes in the pelvis located on either side of the pelvic symphysis.
Lightens the pelvis.

10

Calcaneus

The point of the hock

11

Liver

The liver is located in the cranial part of the abdomen.

12

Colon

The colon is located in the lower abdomen

13

Canine tooth #304

Lower left quadrant (large fang)

14

Spleen

The spleen is located near the stomach in the left forward part of the abdomen. The exact location of the spleen depends upon its size and shape and is affected by the size of the surrounding organs, such as the fullness of the stomach.

15

Uterus

Female cats have two uterine horns. Uterine body is found just above the bladder.

16

Stifle joint

Femorrotibial/femoropatellar joint
Joint between the femur and the tibia (in humans, the knee joint)

17

Atlas

First cervical vertebra. Forms the atlanto-occipital joint with the occipital bone of the skull and the atlantoaxial joint with the axis, the second cervical vertebra.

18

Rib

Long bones of axial skeleton that form the lateral walls of the thorax.

19

Sacrum

Solid structure formed by fusion of sacral vertebrae.
Sacrum forms a joint with the pelvis on each side called the sacroiliac joint.

20

Radius

One of the two bones (the ulna is the other) that form the antebrachium (forearm). The radius is usually the main weight-bearing bone.

21

Olecranon Fossa

Indentation on the caudal surface of the humerus just proximal to the condyle, which the anconeal process of the ulna tucks into when the elbow is extended.

22

Glenoid cavity

Socket part of the ball-and-socket shoulder joint

23

Patella

Kneecap, largest sesamoid bone in body
Rides on top of the trochlear groove, held in place by the cruciate ligaments

24

Hip joint

The ball-and-socket joint formed by the head of the femur and the cup-shaped cavity of the hipbone (also known as the acetabulum).

25

Pubic or pelvic symphysis

The two halves of the pelvis joined ventrally by a cartilaginous joint

26

Mandibular symphysis

Two halves of the mandible are separate bones in dogs, cats and cattle that are joined by a cartilaginous mandibular joint

27

Coccygeal vertebrae

The bones of the tail portion of the spinal column
The tailbone

28

Zygomatic arch

Bony arches below and behind the eyes of common domestic animals.
In dogs and cats they form the widest part of the skull.

29

Fibula

A thin bone located beside the tibia in the lower leg region of the pelvic limb

30

Splint bones

Metacarpals and Metatarsals II and IV

31

Proximal sesamoids

Paired sesamoid bones in the legs of horses
They are located in the large digital flexor tendons behind the "fetlock" joints

32

Proximal phalanx

Fetlock (P1)

33

Middle phalanx

Pastern (P2)

34

Distal phalanx

Coffin (P3)

35

Navicular bone

Distal sesamoid

36

Fetlock joint

Joint between cannon bone and fetlock bone

37

Pastern joint

Joint between fetlock bone and pastern bone

38

Coffin joint

Joint between pastern bone and coffin bone

39

Gallbladder

Muscular, blind sac underneath the liver that stores bile

40

Diaphragm

Thin, dome-shaped sheet of muscle that forms the boundary between the thoracic and abdominal cavities

41

Brachiocephalicus

This muscle runs from the arm to the head

42

Sternocephacilus

Attaches the sternum to the head

43

Jugular groove

The groove on each side of the neck in which the jugular vein is located
It is formed by the sternocephalicus and the brachiocephalicus muscle

44

Rectus abdominis muscle

Most superficial (6-pack)
Lies on either side of the ventral midline

45

Transversus abdominis muscle

Deepest
Medial to the internal abdominal oblique and rectus abdominis

46

Intercostal muscles

Intercostal muscles are the muscle groups running along the ribs that create and move the chest wall.

47

Semitendinosus muscle

Straplike muscle, medial to the biceps femoris and lateral to the semimembranosus.
"on the back of the thigh"

48

Vas or ductus deferens

Tube that connects the tail of the epididymis with the urethra

49

Pampiniform plexus

Network of veins in the spermatic cord of the male, derived from the testicular vein and surrounds the testicular artery

50

Triceps muscle

Triceps brachii
Large muscle mass on the caudal aspect of the humerus