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Flashcards in Final - Pop Health Deck (76)
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1

Employers typically pay __%____ of total annual salary on health benefits

21- 30

2

Self-insured plans usually offered by ________
a. Medium companies
b. Small companies
c. Large companies

C - Large

3

The industry standard employer/employee split as
a. 90/10
b. 85/15
c. 80/20
d. 75/25
e. 70/30

D - 75/25

4

The consistent amount of money the employee pays monthly for health insurance is
a. Benefit
b. Co-pay
c. Deductible
d. premium

D - Premium

5

Which is NOT a way the Purdue health plan used to lower overall healthcare costs?
a. Changed insurance plans
b. Significantly raises premium amount paid by employees
c. Starts center for healthy living
d. Incentivized improving wellness outcomes

B- significantly raises premium amount paid by employees

6

How is population health defined?
a. The health outcomes of a group of individuals
b. Initiatives to guide and monitor well being on a governmental level of a given group within a given area
c. The general well being and health status of an individual group within a well defined area
d. The health outcomes of a group of individuals and the distribution of outcomes within the group

D - The health outcomes of a group of individuals and the distribution of outcomes within the group

7

Both state and local public health departments utilize critical functions when addressing public health. Which critical function below is not utilized in public health?
a. Containing environmental hazards
b. Encouraging healthy behaviors
c. Incentivized programs to encourage health in a given population
d. Preventing epidemics

C - Incentivized programs to encourage health in a given population

8

Which of the following must complete a post professional degree formalized residency prior to being licensed to practice?
a. NP
b. Podiatrist
c. PT
d. PA
e. Dietician

B - Podiatrist

9

Interprofessional collaborative practice utilizes pompetency domains. Which of the following is not a collaborative practice competency domain?
a. Values/ethics of team
b. Team and teamwork
c. Roles/responsibilities
d. Financial obligations
e. Communications

D - Financial Obligations

10

All of the following are dysfunctions of a team except
a. Inattention to results
b. Initiating conflict
c. Lack of commitment
d. Absence of trust
e. Avoidance of accountability

B - initiating conflict

11

Which of the following professionals cannot prescribe a medication to patients to treat a fungal infection on the chest?
a. NP in clinic
b. PA in collaborative practice agreements with a DO physician
c. Podiatrist in a sports clinic with specialty focus on fungal infections
d. PA with collaborative practice with a MD

C - Podiatrist in a sports clinic with specialty focus on fungal infections

12

In the US the top 5% of spenders account for ___%___ of all health care dollars spent
a. 10
b. 20
c. 30
d. 50
e. 70

D - 50%


13

Over the last 10 years deductibles for employer sponsored health coverage has
a. Increased
b. Stayed the dame
c. Decreased

A - increased

14

All of the following are right with the US healthcare system except…
a. Rapidly expanding knowledge
b. Novel therapeutic entities
c. Extensive efforts made at end of life
d. Quick and extensive technology advancements and efforts

C - Extensive efforts made at end of life

15

After years of modest growth, rx spending rose sharply in 2014 due to…
a. Introduction of new brand named drugs
b. Introduction of specialty drugs
c. Increased prices of generic drugs
d. Shortages of commonly used drugs

b. Introduction of specialty drugs

16

Which best correlates with annual healthcare waste in the US in 2012 according to IOM?
a. Excessive administration costs was the smallest portion of annual healthcare waster at 7.2%
b. Unnecessary services accounted for the largest portion of annual healthcare waste at 27.5%
c. Fraud accounted for the largest portion of annual healthcare waste at 34.3%
d. Missed prevention opportunities accounted for the largest portion of annual healthcare waste at 29%

b. Unnecessary services accounted for the largest portion of annual healthcare waste at 27.5%

17

Which age group makes up the largest spending group in the US healthcare system?
a. <20YO
b. 20-44
c. 45-64
d. >65

d. >65

18

Extra Credit Article Q's:
_____ people die a day from gun violence

100

19

______ amendment gave the CDC money for research funding for gun violence

Dickey

20

Healthcare costs as %GDP have remained steady over last 5 years
a. True
b. False

B - False

21

Prescription drug costs as % of overall healthcare spent are_____ with time
a. Increasing
b. Staying about the same
c. Decreasing

A - increasing

22

Pharmacoeconomics is best defined as description and analysis of costs of pharmaceuticals and related services
a. True
b. false

B - false
because it involves cost AND outcomes!

23

Cost utility analysis is used when the primary concern is QOL and/or functional status
a. True
b. false

A - true

Cost Utility = Cost / QALY (able to compare drugs with serious ADRs or those producing reductions in morbidity)

24

examples of direct medical costs?

copays for Dr office and hospitalization

25

examples of direct non-medical costs?

transportation, lodging, caregiver

26

examples of indirect costs?

result from loss of productivity bc illness or death

27

examples of intangible costs

costs of pain; suffering; anxiety; fatigue

28

Cost benefit analysis is used when primary concern is least costly way to achieve objective
a. True
b. False

B - false

that would be Cost Effectiveness

Cost benefit is putting$ value on clincal outcomes and comparing outcome ("$") and cost

29

Missing days of work due to illness is an example of direct non-medical cost
a. True
b. False

false - missing days is indirect

(non medical would be transportation or lodging)

30

Discounting allows the comparison of treatment costs that are spread over a number of years
a. True
b. False

A - True

use discount factor = 1 / [(1+r)^n]
r = discount rate
n = year in which costs or savings occur