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Flashcards in Final Questions Deck (61):
1

The 1980s and 1990s have seen:

Enormous change in communism

2

On the international level, reasonable discussion is called :

Diplomacy

3

Which of the following is NOT an advantage of international trade?

Local producers may be hurt.

4

The nineteenth century military strategist who argued that “war is merely a continuation of politics by other means” was:

Karl von Clausewitz

5

In 2015, the U.S. contribution or assessment toward paying for the United Nation’s budget was about:

22 %

6

Arafat’s successor party was:

Fatah

7

In 1947, most western nations agreed to a mutual effort to reduce trade barriers through the:

General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs

8

Middle Eastern politics are complicated by:

Internal tensions among different sects of Islam

9

Throughout much of the nineteenth century, the United States was committed to a policy of:

Isolationism

10

The dominant global ideology today is:

Democratic capitalism

11

The founder or modern international law was:

Hugo Grotius

12

Military power is:

Limited by social, political and cultural conventions

13

Invisible items of trade include:

U.S tourist payments in foreign countries

14

During the century that followed the congress of Vienna (1815), a fairly effective:

Balance of power was maintained.

15

What is today known as the European Union began forming in:

1951

16

In light of the U.S’s difficulties in controlling the events in Iraq, what two nations have seized this opportunity to stand against U.S. demands?

Iran and North Korea

17

Economists who favor free trade areas created by associations of countries with:

Much favor

18

The most powerful organ of the United Nations, responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security, is the:

Security Council

19

The fascists ideology holds that the nation, the people, and the culture will be made great by the:

Leader

20

In the early 2000s, the border between North and South Korea:

Still remained a trouble spot.

21

In the mid 1990s, GATT was replaced by the:

World Trade Organization (WTO)

22

The breakup of the Soviet Union has been marked by:

Political instability in some nations.

23

In the beggining of the twenty-first century, the United States was a country with almos tindisputable superior military power, called a:

Hegemon

24

The usefulness of international law in the maintenance of order and peace has always been:

Limited

25

The theory in which a balance of power with two competing nations was necessary to maintain peace was:

Realist theory

26

In international relations, the capacity to compel another party to commit an act contrary to its explicitly stated will is called:

Power

27

In the 1990s, NATO lost much of its former purpose and :

Expanded in membership

28

The current structure of the U.S democratic system clearly:

Does not unambiguously divide war powers between the presidency and congress

29

Ideologues are individuals who:

Are so fixated on certain ideologies that they cannot reasonably examine opposing ideas.

30

All of the following countries are permanent members of the UN Security Council EXCEPT:

Germany

31

The United States withdrew from the United Nations educational , scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO) because the organization was:

Hostile toward the institutions of a free society.

32

The first comprehensive approach to the problem of war by a group of states was the:

League of Nations

33

Throughout the history of the nation-state, diplomacy has:

Done much to avoid war

34

The UNs International atomic energy (IAEA) has supervisory power over:

The treaty on nonproliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT)

35

In Africa, governments have generally been:

Autocracies

36

In imposing sanctions, the UN is limited because:

Member states retain their sovereignty

37

All of the following are coercive measures which the UN can take against the state that is to blame for a threat to peace, breach of peace, or act of aggression, EXCEPT:

Terrorism

38

The practice of having treaties registered and published by the UN Secretariat is designed to:

Reduce the chances of secret agreements existing

39

The relation of our total exports to our total imports is called the balance of:

Trade

40

When countries meet under GATT in order to reduce trade barriers, these meetings are called:

Trade rounds

41

The home-market argument in favor of protective tariffs results in:

Long-term benefits for some produces at the expense of losing foreign markets for other producers.

42

The U.S changed from a fixed exchange rate to a generally flexible exchange rate in:

1971

43

In most cases, nations would derive the greatest economic advantage from international trade if they:

Allowed free trade

44

In the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, the international trade expanded in the developing countries, mainly in the area of:

Manufacturing

45

The UN military sanction in its peacekeeping efforts is supposed to be :

Final recourse

46

In 2018, NATO had __ member states

28

47

The reason international trade is controlled has to do with how economics relates to:

Politics

48

Today, an easing or relaxation of strained relations and political tensions between countries seems to have replaced:

The ideological rivalries of the Cold War.

49

The basis of peace in the Cold War was:

A nuclear stand-off

50

A tad or duty on an imported commodity is called a

Tariff

51

Which of the following is NOT an argument against protective tariffs?

A tariff that keeps out foreign goods increases the market for U.S goods

52

The U.S exchange rate system is called a(n):

Dirty Float

53

War making in humans is believed to depended on:

Acquired attitudes, beliefs, and points of view.

54

The president’s authority in foreign affairs is augmented by:

The president’s commander-in-chief of the armed forces role.

55

After September 11,2001, President Bush followed a policy in which the United States would attack terrorists wherever they are before they commit terrorist acts. This is a policy of:

Preemption

56

Which of the following countries chose not to adopt the euro?

Britain and Denmark

57

Between 2000 and 2005, the Bureau of Economic Analysis reported that the U.S. trade balance:

Worsened significantly

58

When one country institutes tariffs, it is likely that other countries will follow resulting in :

A contracting spiral of trade

59

Since the 1930s, the importance of international trade for the United States has:

Grown significantly

60

A limit in the quantity or the value of a commodity that can be brought into a country is called a

Import quota

61

In 1979, Egypt and Israel agreed to a peace treaty and Israel withdrew from:

Sinai Peninsula