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Flashcards in Final Review Deck (86):
1

In what year did Israel become a nation? And gain their independence. Turning point in history.

1948

2

Abrams journey changed history how?

From circular to linear

3

Abrams choice also led to the birth of 3 world religions?

1. Judaism
2. Christianity
3. Islam

4

The original people of the book were?

Israel

5

The word

Paramount and unchanging in the life of the Jewish people, even when they failed God.

6

The Mishna?

A long history of oral law and commentary became established of Israel.

7

What was the written version of the oral law and commentary of the Mishna?

This was later transcribed into the 2,000 pages of the Babylonian Talmud.

8

What was the Talmud?

Combined with the Torah. The five Books of Moses- is a compendium of Jewish scripture and commentary.

9

The Talmud is...?

The focus of young rabbis in training.

10

When did the Romans destroy Jerusalem?

In 70 AD.

11

After the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in 70 AD the Jews...?

Have not had a physical homeland for over 1,800 years.

12

After 70 AD when the temple was destroyed the Jews were dispersed across the nation. What held them together?

The word of God! That gave them their identity.

13

The vernacular language of the Jewish home and neighborhood was?

Yiddish. A mixture of high German, Hebrew, and Aramaic.

14

When Israel became a nation again in 1948 what language became the national language?

Hebrew

15

Fewer than ____________ spoken languages in the world today.

7,000

16

When a language falls to _______ speakers, it’s on its way to extinction.

5,000

17

The Jews made a conscious decision to revive ___________ as the ___________ language.

Hebrew. National.

18

Today, _________ is the common language of the Israeli Jews, followed by __________ and __________.

Hebrew. English. Russia.

19

What language is spoken by Muslims in Israel?

Arabic

20

Rapid rise of Islam: when was the death of Mohammed?

In 632 AD

21

Islamists conquer Jerusalem and build _________ of the _________ _________ on the ancient temple site within ____ years.

Dome. Rock. Mosque. 60.

22

Just 50 years after that, most of ___________ is conquered.

Spain

23

Islamic States divides between _________ and ___________?

Sunni and Shia

24

Sunni-supported by ________ __________?

Saudi Arabia

25

Shia- supported by________? Just ____ - _____ percent of worlds Muslims.

Iran. 10-13.

26

____________ is the fastest growing religion in Great Britain?

Islam

27

Islam is what percentage of the world population?

23%

28

Oneness believers are often called?

“The people of the book.”

29

How many Muslims are there world wide?

1.6 billion

30

What is the world’s second largest religion?

Muslim/Islam

31

Iran is what percentage Sunni?

10%
Shite: 89%

32

Saudi Arabia is what percentage Sunni?

89-90%
Shite: 10-11%

33

Sunni are the __________?

Majority

34

Sunni believe Mohammed was the _________ prophet, other leaders are temporary.

Final

35

Shia also recognize that Mohammed as __________ ___________, but recognize ________ spiritual leaders as Allahs representative on earth.

Allah’s Prophet. Current.

36

Ayatollah in Iran is the _________ ___________, both spiritually and ____________

Final authority. Politically.

37

How many Islamics are in the USA?

7 million.

38

500,000 __________ in USA now Islamic.

Latinos

39

Is the Bible the oldest written religious document in the world?

NO! The Veda is!

40

What is the unique national religion of Japan?

Shinto

41

Japanese don’t necessarily think of Shinto as a ____________. But a way of acknowledging the __________ world and their ancestors.

Religion. Spiritual.

42

In Shinto, proper__________ is MOST IMPORTANT?

Ritual

43

What is the religion of the Persian Empire?

Zoroastrianism

44

Two supreme forces of good and evil contending with each other since the beginning.

Dualism

45

Zoroaster denied the gods of the ancient _________ of ___________, who migrated to India and brought their polytheism and Vedic literature.

Aryans. Persia.

46

How many Buddhists are there in the world?

488 million Buddhists

47

Buddha means?

Awakened or enlightened one.

48

A Buddha is said to embody perfect _________ and perfect __________.

Wisdom. Compassion.

49

What’s the world’s 4th largest religion?

Buddhism
488 million Buddhists

50

What is the goal in Buddhism?

To reach nirvana.

51

What is nirvana?

A state of bliss or emptiness. The zero of infinity.

52

What’s the 8 cold path to Nirvana?

1. Right thought
2. Thought
3. Speech
4. Action
5.
6.
7.
8.

53

What is the Dela Lamas?

Believed to be a descendant of deities, and the incarnation of the previous Dela Lamas

54

What’s the 3rd largest religion in the world?

Hinduism
950 million adherents

55

Hinduism has how many gods?

33 million

56

What is Brahman?

The supreme god, all others are manifestations or avatars

57

What is karma?

The sum of both positive and negative deeds and thoughts.

58

Hinduism involves and accepts what beliefs?

Pantheism. And belief that each individual part of the inverse is a manifestation of God; accepts all gods.

59

What are the 3 Vedic religions?

1. Hinduism
2. Buddhism
3. Jainism

60

Jainism is mostly found where?

India

61

Common roots with Jainism is?

Hinduism and Buddhism

62

Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism all originated in?

India

63

What does Veda mean?

Sacred Knowledge or learning in Sanskrit

64

What’s the common view of Vedic religion?

Mankind bound in a nearly endless circle of birth, growth, decline and death.

65

What is the Hindu Trinity?

Brahma- the creator

Vishnu- the preserver

Shiva- the destroyer

66

What’s an avatar?

An incarnation of a deity

67

Negative karma binds the _______ to the __________ _____________?

Soul. Present World.

68

Where does yoga come out of?

Hinduism

69

Where did Sikhism originate and when?

Born in the Northern India in the 16th century

70

A blend of Hinduism and Islam?

- Rejected polytheism and caste system of Hinduism.

- adopted monotheism of Islam

-Retained Hindu concepts of reincarnation and karma

71

What is Arianism?

Doctrine of the earliest couple of centuries.

72

Jehovah Witness still believe and teach in ___________

Arianism

73

Who is Ellen G. White?

She was believed to be a prophetess by the 7th day adventists in the 19th century

74

Who is William Miller?

He was the founder of the 7th day adventists

75

Jehovah witness and 7th day adventists have 1 thing in common. What is it?

They both say the wicked will be annihilated. They don’t believe in Hell.

76

7th day Adventists believe?

They have to worship on the Sabbath day/ Saturday.

77

Jehovah Witnesses say the ____________ is NOT important?

The resurrection of Jesus Christ

78

What happened May 14th 1948?

Israel declared their independence. Change in history!

79

What’s the largest Sunni country?

Saudi Arabia

80

What’s the largest Shia country?

Iran

81

Where is Taoism?

China

82

What is Taoism?

A Pacifist religion. They don’t wanna do anyone any harm. They believe in finding peace and tranquility.

83

Japanese are very ______________!!!!

PRECISE!

84

Sikhs reject __________ and accept __________? And is a blend of what?

Polytheism. Reincarnation.
A blend of Hinduism/Islam!

85

What’s Veda related to?

Buddhism and Hinduism

86

What 4 religions came out of America?

1. Christian Science
2. Jehovah Witnesses
3. 7th Day Adventist
4.