Flashcards in Final Review Deck (86):
In what year did Israel become a nation? And gain their independence. Turning point in history.
Abrams journey changed history how?
From circular to linear
Abrams choice also led to the birth of 3 world religions?
The original people of the book were?
Paramount and unchanging in the life of the Jewish people, even when they failed God.
A long history of oral law and commentary became established of Israel.
What was the written version of the oral law and commentary of the Mishna?
This was later transcribed into the 2,000 pages of the Babylonian Talmud.
What was the Talmud?
Combined with the Torah. The five Books of Moses- is a compendium of Jewish scripture and commentary.
The Talmud is...?
The focus of young rabbis in training.
When did the Romans destroy Jerusalem?
In 70 AD.
After the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in 70 AD the Jews...?
Have not had a physical homeland for over 1,800 years.
After 70 AD when the temple was destroyed the Jews were dispersed across the nation. What held them together?
The word of God! That gave them their identity.
The vernacular language of the Jewish home and neighborhood was?
Yiddish. A mixture of high German, Hebrew, and Aramaic.
When Israel became a nation again in 1948 what language became the national language?
Fewer than ____________ spoken languages in the world today.
When a language falls to _______ speakers, it’s on its way to extinction.
The Jews made a conscious decision to revive ___________ as the ___________ language.
Today, _________ is the common language of the Israeli Jews, followed by __________ and __________.
Hebrew. English. Russia.
What language is spoken by Muslims in Israel?
Rapid rise of Islam: when was the death of Mohammed?
In 632 AD
Islamists conquer Jerusalem and build _________ of the _________ _________ on the ancient temple site within ____ years.
Dome. Rock. Mosque. 60.
Just 50 years after that, most of ___________ is conquered.
Islamic States divides between _________ and ___________?
Sunni and Shia
Sunni-supported by ________ __________?
Shia- supported by________? Just ____ - _____ percent of worlds Muslims.
____________ is the fastest growing religion in Great Britain?
Islam is what percentage of the world population?
Oneness believers are often called?
“The people of the book.”
How many Muslims are there world wide?
What is the world’s second largest religion?
Iran is what percentage Sunni?
Saudi Arabia is what percentage Sunni?
Sunni are the __________?
Sunni believe Mohammed was the _________ prophet, other leaders are temporary.
Shia also recognize that Mohammed as __________ ___________, but recognize ________ spiritual leaders as Allahs representative on earth.
Allah’s Prophet. Current.
Ayatollah in Iran is the _________ ___________, both spiritually and ____________
Final authority. Politically.
How many Islamics are in the USA?
500,000 __________ in USA now Islamic.
Is the Bible the oldest written religious document in the world?
NO! The Veda is!
What is the unique national religion of Japan?
Japanese don’t necessarily think of Shinto as a ____________. But a way of acknowledging the __________ world and their ancestors.
In Shinto, proper__________ is MOST IMPORTANT?
What is the religion of the Persian Empire?
Two supreme forces of good and evil contending with each other since the beginning.
Zoroaster denied the gods of the ancient _________ of ___________, who migrated to India and brought their polytheism and Vedic literature.
How many Buddhists are there in the world?
488 million Buddhists
Awakened or enlightened one.
A Buddha is said to embody perfect _________ and perfect __________.
What’s the world’s 4th largest religion?
488 million Buddhists
What is the goal in Buddhism?
To reach nirvana.
What is nirvana?
A state of bliss or emptiness. The zero of infinity.
What’s the 8 cold path to Nirvana?
1. Right thought
What is the Dela Lamas?
Believed to be a descendant of deities, and the incarnation of the previous Dela Lamas
What’s the 3rd largest religion in the world?
950 million adherents
Hinduism has how many gods?
What is Brahman?
The supreme god, all others are manifestations or avatars
What is karma?
The sum of both positive and negative deeds and thoughts.
Hinduism involves and accepts what beliefs?
Pantheism. And belief that each individual part of the inverse is a manifestation of God; accepts all gods.
What are the 3 Vedic religions?
Jainism is mostly found where?
Common roots with Jainism is?
Hinduism and Buddhism
Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism all originated in?
What does Veda mean?
Sacred Knowledge or learning in Sanskrit
What’s the common view of Vedic religion?
Mankind bound in a nearly endless circle of birth, growth, decline and death.
What is the Hindu Trinity?
Brahma- the creator
Vishnu- the preserver
Shiva- the destroyer
What’s an avatar?
An incarnation of a deity
Negative karma binds the _______ to the __________ _____________?
Soul. Present World.
Where does yoga come out of?
Where did Sikhism originate and when?
Born in the Northern India in the 16th century
A blend of Hinduism and Islam?
- Rejected polytheism and caste system of Hinduism.
- adopted monotheism of Islam
-Retained Hindu concepts of reincarnation and karma
What is Arianism?
Doctrine of the earliest couple of centuries.
Jehovah Witness still believe and teach in ___________
Who is Ellen G. White?
She was believed to be a prophetess by the 7th day adventists in the 19th century
Who is William Miller?
He was the founder of the 7th day adventists
Jehovah witness and 7th day adventists have 1 thing in common. What is it?
They both say the wicked will be annihilated. They don’t believe in Hell.
7th day Adventists believe?
They have to worship on the Sabbath day/ Saturday.
Jehovah Witnesses say the ____________ is NOT important?
The resurrection of Jesus Christ
What happened May 14th 1948?
Israel declared their independence. Change in history!
What’s the largest Sunni country?
What’s the largest Shia country?
Where is Taoism?
What is Taoism?
A Pacifist religion. They don’t wanna do anyone any harm. They believe in finding peace and tranquility.
Japanese are very ______________!!!!
Sikhs reject __________ and accept __________? And is a blend of what?
A blend of Hinduism/Islam!
What’s Veda related to?
Buddhism and Hinduism