FINAL REVIEW Chao 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FINAL REVIEW Chao 9 Deck (18):
1

Traditional Knowledge

Knowledge that is culturally held and passed on from generation to generation

2

Medical Anthropology

An area of anthropological inquiry that focusses on issues of well-being

3

Health

A cross cultural term to describe a persons general social, psychological, and physical condition. Generally, good health is what allows an individual to function within his or her society

4

Illness

A cultural identified state or role of general physical and or mental discomfort; a personal experience of suffering that prompts the afflicted to seek intervention and that underlies all culturally defined intervention to alleviate suffering

5

Disease

A biomedical condition characterized by a harmful biological irregularity in an organism

6

Shaman

an individual who is an expert on cultural definitions and treatments of medical as well as spiritual issues

7

Witch doctor

An individual who deals with psychological aspects of illness, often administering treatments that westerners might describe as placebos the position is found mainly in africa with groups that practise ancestor worship

8

etiology

The study of the causes of a disease and or an illness

9

witchcraft

The performance of innate, non-human powers- which may be for evil or good- by human beings, wether or not the act is intentional or self aware note that perceptions of and definitions of witchcraft differ across cultures

10

Folk Illness

A culture bound illness; a set of symtoms that are grouped together under a single label only within a particular culture

11

Realized niche

the portion of the fundamental niche (the complete range of physical and biological conditions under which a species can survive) that a group of people is forced to utilize and to which it becomes highly adapted

12

bioaccumulation

The accumulation of toxic substances in progressively high concentrations from the bottom to the top of the food chain

13

Defensive Research

Research that is designed and conducted by individuals outside the affected community without consulting members of the community about their interest or concerns

14

Positive Research

Research that is designed with fair consideration of the interests and concerns of members of the affected community and conducted with consideration of cultural contexts within the community

15

Epidemiology

The study of the occurance spread management and prevention of infectious diseases

16

Managed Care

A system of care, tied to the market based delivery of medicine particularly in the us in which a patients choice of treatment and of practitioner is directed by an interdiart organization that claims to provide the most cost effective services available while generating profits for its members

17

Placebo effect

an effect produced in response to an individual's belief that a treatment will have a desired effect, despite evidence that the treatment has no medicinal properties

18

Well-being

A state or role of general physical and mental comfort and good health; a lack of illness