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Flashcards in Finals - New Herbs Deck (69)
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SUBSTANCES THAT CALM THE SPIRIT

What are some Shen disorders? How does it manifest?

insomnia, anxiety, restlessness

Causes:
1) fright, shock, sudden anxiety, jitteriness
2) overwork => def nutritive qi/bld => def HT/LV => deprives Shen/Hun of place where it can peacefully reside

1

Herbs that anchor, settle and calm the spirit tend to be what kinds of substances?

They settle ascending Yang of what 2 organs?

heavy (minerals, shells, bones)

HT/LV

2

SUBSTANCES THAT ANCHOR, SETTLE & CALM THE SPIRIT

Can they be used long term?

No. They can injure St Qi with long-term use.

3

LONG GU

Latin

Fossilia Ossis Mastodi

4

LONG GU

Category

Substances that Anchor, Settle, and Calm the Spirit

5

LONG GU

Channels

HT, LV, KD

6

LONG GU

Properties

Sweet, Astringent, Neutral

(astringent bc bones are porous)

7

LONG GU

contraindications

Damp heat: don't want to secure/weigh down or in

EPF excess

8

LONG GU

Key Characteristics

Calms w/ heaviness (like a hug)

Binds with astringency

Secures normal Qi (zheng/normal qi)

9

LONG GU

Settles anxiety and calms spirit

for emotional distress, restlessness, insomnia, palpitations w/ anxiety, or even seizures or w/drawal-mania d/t agitated HT & Spirit

10

LONG GU

Calms LV & anchors/preserves floating Yang

for irritability, restlessness, dizzy, vertigo, blurred vision, & bad temper

d/t LV Yin def w/ def Yang rising

11

LONG GU

Prevents leakage of fluids

for FLUID LOSS d/t DEF:
spermatorrhea, nightsweat, spont swetaing, nocturnal emission, vaginal discharge, uterine bleeding

12

LONG GU

Used topically (calcined & powdered) for chronic, non-healing sores & ulcers

Often used as Dui Yao w/ DANG GUI to generate flesh & heal

13

LONG GU

What kind of bone is used?

Any bone that has been buried for at least 50 YEARS (deer, oxen, elephant)

14

LONG GU

Preparation requirements

crushed and cook for at least 30 min

15

Herbs that NOURISH HT to CALM SPIRIT tend to be what property?

sweet & moistening

16

HERBS THAT NOURISH THE HT TO CALM THE SPIRIT

They nourish the Blood of what 2 organs?

HT, LV

17

HERBS THAT NOURISH THE HT TO CALM THE SPIRIT

Compared to herbs that anchor & settle, can herbs that nourish to calm spirit be used long term?

Yes bc they mild w/ few side effects

18

SUAN ZAO REN

Latin

Ziziphhi Spinosae Semen

19

SUAN ZAO REN

Category

Herbs that Nourish the HT & Calm the Spirit

20

SUAN ZAO REN

Channels

GB, HT, LV, SP

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SUAN ZAO REN

properties

sweet, sour, neutral

(sour pulls spirit back in)

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SUAN ZAO REN

caution & contraindications

CAUTION:
- severe diarrhea (bc it's a seed & moistens intestines)
- heat from excess

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SUAN ZAO REN

Key Characteristics

Nourish HT yin & LV blood

Promote sleep

Inhibit sweating

24

SUAN ZAO REN

Nourishes HT yin
Augments LV blood
Quiets spirit

for irritability, insomnia, & palpitations w/ anxiety d/t either:
- blood def (can't nourish HT)
- yin def (w. upward flaring Fire)

25

SUAN ZAO REN

Prevents abnormal sweating

For both spontaneous sweating & night sweats

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Main formula for insomnia

Suan Zao Ren Tang

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Suan Zao Ren Tang

Action:

- nourish blood
- calm spirit
- clear heat
- eliminates irritability

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Suan Zao Ren Tang

Diagnosis:

LV blood def w/ constraint & internal Fire

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Suan Zao Ren Tang

Indications

irritability, insomnia, palpitations, night sweat, dizzy, vertigo, dry throat & mouth

T: Dry
P: wiry or thin & rapid

also: Trigeminal neuralgia & migraine

30

SUBSTANCES THAT EXTINGUISH WIND & STOP TREMORS

Characteristics of Wind

swift, changeable, rapid, violent, impetuous, irregular movment

31

SUBSTANCES THAT EXTINGUISH WIND & STOP TREMORS

Causes of internal wind

LV and/or KD yin def
ascending LV yang (can bring up wind)
blood def
high fever (can dry yin)

32

SUBSTANCES THAT EXTINGUISH WIND & STOP TREMORS

Diseases treated by these herbs?

Parkinsons, menieres, stroke, hypertensions (HTN), epilepsy, Bell's palsy

emotional, neurological, drug induced, blood sugar, thyroid, fever, head injury, circulatory, infections

33

SUBSTANCES THAT EXTINGUISH WIND & STOP TREMORS

s/s

dizzy, shaky, HA, unsteady gait, shaking head, convulsion, tremors

T: deviated (can also indicate risk of stroke)

34

SUBSTANCES THAT EXTINGUISH WIND & STOP TREMORS

main channels entered

LV (also HT)

35

SUBSTANCES THAT EXTINGUISH WIND & STOP TREMORS

properties

acrid

36

GOU TENG

Latin

Uncariae Ramulus cum Uncis

37

GOU TENG

Category

Substances that Extinguish Wind & Stop Tremors

38

GOU TENG

Channels

PC, LV (Jue Yin)

39

GOU TENG

properties

sweet, slightly cold

40

GOU TENG

dosage

6-15g

should NOT be decocted for longer than 20 min

41

GOU TENG

caution/contraindication

CAUTION:
- absence of wind heat
- heat from excess

42

GOU TENG

Key Characteristics

drains LV heat

settles LV wind

43

GOU TENG

extinguishes wind and alleviates spasms

for patterns of LV heat w/ internal stirring of LV wind

s/s: tremors, seizures, eclampsia (pregnancy complication: seizures)

44

GOU TENG

Drains LV heat and pacifies LV yang

for LV fire and ascending LV yang patterns

s/s: HA, irritability, red eyes, dizzy

- recently used for hypertension

45

GOU TENG

Releases exterior

For EXTERIOR wind heat

s/s: fever, HA, red eyes

UNIQUE TO THIS HERB. Most treat just INTERNAL wind

46

AROMATIC SUBSTANCES THAT OPEN THE ORIFICES

s/s of closed orifices

wind fright (infantile convulsions), epilepsy & seizure d/o, wind stroke, angina, coronary HT dz, summer heat stroke, febrile dz on Ying level affecting PC

Bi Zheng (closed/locked up d/o), turbid phlegm veiling sensory orifices

coma, lock jaw, clenched fist, rigid limbs, opisthotonos (full body seizure)
P: forceful

47

AROMATIC SUBSTANCES THAT OPEN THE ORIFICES

Can they be used long term?

No, bc of their intensity

48

SHE XIANG

Latin

moschus

49

SHE XIANG

category

Aromatic Substances that Open the Orifices

50

SHE XIANG

channels

HT, LV, SP

51

SHE XIANG

properties

acrid, warm, aromatic

52

SHE XIANG

dosage

0.03-0.1g (MICRODOSE)

53

SHE XIANG

caution/contraindication

CONTRA:
- pregnancy
- yin def w heat s/s

CAUTION:
- significant allergies
- hypertension
- reduced KD fx

54

SHE XIANG

key characteristics

intensely aromatic to open all orifices & awaken spirit

stop pain (invigorates & moves)

unblocks channels & collaterals by invigorating blood

55

SHE XIANG

Vigorously opens orifices, revives spirit, & unblocks closed d/o

intensely aromatic & penetrating therefore used to tx wide variety of problems that impair consciousness

HOT OR COLD CLOSED D/O

-heat entering PC d/t warm heat patho dz (w/ convulsion, delirium, stupor, fainting)
- closed d/o, tetanic collapse, phlegm collapse, seizures

56

SHE XIANG

Invigorates blood, dissipates clumps, reduces swelling, alleviates px

For wide variety of severe problems d/t blood stasis:
- fixed palpable masses, toxic sores, carbuncles

Also clears obstruction to channels & collaterals d/t traumatic injury or painful obstruction

RECENTLY USED TO TX CORONARY ARTERY DZ
- topical or ingested

57

SHE XIANG

Hastens delivery & facilitates downward passage of stillborn

Used in cases where dead fetus or placenta fails to descend

58

HERBS THAT EXPEL PARASITES

s/s:

no px, para-umbilical px, vomit, change in appetite, deranged appetite (pica), itching rectum, nose, ears

if prolonged: fatigue & emaciation w/ distended abdomen

59

DA SUAN

Latin

Allii Sativi Bulbus

60

DA SUAN

category

Herbs that Expel Parasites

61

DA SUAN

channels

LU, LI, SP, ST

62

DA SUAN

properties

acrid, warm

63

DA SUAN

caution/contraindication

CAUTION:
- skin irritant so shouldn't apply topically for long

CONTRA:
- yin def w heat s/s
- ingesting w mouth, tongue, throat problems
- TOPICAL TO PERI-ANAL or ENEMA DURING PREGNANCY

64

DA SUAN

key characteristics

kills parasites
transforms meat & food stagnation
unblocks accumulation
promotes qi movement
expels cold-dampness

65

DA SUAN

Kills parasites

for hookworms & pinworms

other intestinal parasites when used with other herbs

tinea of the scalp (fungal infection)

66

DA SUAN

Disperses abscesses & reduces swelling

used primarily for early stage sores & abscesses
- used both internal and topical

67

DA SUAN

Resolves toxicity & kills parasites

for tinea & other pruritic (itchy) rashes
- primarily used topically

68

DA SUAN

Warms ST, strengthens SP, promotes movement of Qi, reduces stagnation, resolves toxicity

For diarrhea & dysenteric d/o d/t epidemic toxins or food stagnation
- can be used as a stand-alone for mild conditions of food stagnation