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Flashcards in Finals SG Sem. 1 Deck (43):
1

What substance commonly contains fossils

Amber

2

The main purpose of science is...

To create models of how the universe works

3

To find weight, you would use what instrument?

Spring scale

4

Where would subduction occur?

Convergent boundaries (moving toward each other)

5

What is the first law of thermodynamics?

Energy in the universe is constant

6

Fossils that supposedly show organisms in the process of evolution are called what

Index fossils

7

What is the name of the study of fossils

Paleontology

8

Most secular and young-earth scientists agree on the plate tectonics theory, but they disagree on what?

When it happened

9

What would be the bottom layer of a diluvial geologic column?

The creation event

10

What is the flow of thermal energy from a hot place to a cold place?

Heat

11

What is the "ability to do work" defined as?

Energy

12

There is geologic evidence that supports the theory that...

The Flood may have begun with a meteorite hitting the earth

13

Boiling is a form of...

Vaporization

14

What kind of scientist studies sediments in the ocean?

Marine geologist

15

What does a good inference require?

Sufficient data

16

What can always be found in the nucleus of an atom?

Proton

17

What is the highest number for longitude?

360°

18

What does an object's weight depend on?

Gravity and mass

19

To have kinetic energy an object must be...

Moving

20

Experiments at the Large Hadron Collider are attempting to show what?

How the universe started according to secular beliefs

21

Detailed fossils would most likely be found in...

Mudstone

22

What force is significant in producing an avalanche?

Gravity

23

Why are controlled experiments preferred?

They allow only one factor to vary

24

What earthquake magnitude scale do geologists make earthquake reports with?

Richter scale

25

What instrument both detects and records earthquakes is called...

Seismograph

26

Smaller earthquakes that result from major earthquakes are called what?

Aftershocks

27

Most important science evidence against the natural origin of petroleum

The differences of the chemical composition of petroleum and artificial petroleum

28

Most fossils are what type of organisms?

Marie organisms

29

Creationists and evolutionists often

disagree on the interpretation of evidence based on worldview

30

The forces involved in forming coal would be what?

Compression

31

What do geologists use to estimate the age of a rock?

composition

32

By definition, what is a force?

a push or a pull

33

Radiometric dating does not include...

tree-ring counting method

34

In which process does petrified wood form?

replacement

35

A fault most secular geologists think can explain how older fossils were placed above younger

Overthrust

36

Scientists who study rock layers are in what career field?

stratigraphy

37

An example of a chemical change would be...

Lightning hitting a tree and catching it on fire, turning it to ash

38

Where would you be at point 0 latitude?

equator

39

A field force would be

magnetism

40

What is the horizontal direction of a fault?

strike

41

Most of the electrical power plants in the U.S. use this type of fuel

coal

42

Liters, cubic inches, quarts, and millimeters are measures of...

volume

43

What is not true about a hypothesis?

It should be as complex as possible