First Aid Flashcards Preview

Health > First Aid > Flashcards

Flashcards in First Aid Deck (11):
1

What is the aim of first Aid?

Quick initial care
Prolong life
Prevent situation deteriorating
Prevent suffering
Promote recovery

2

What does DR ABC stand for

Danger
Response
Airways
Breathing
Circulation

3

Why do you lay an animal on its right side of the body?

Because the heart is on the left side so it allows easier circulation of blood

4

What should you do if there is a road traffic accident?

Consider your own safety first
Get help controlling traffic
Approach animal slowly and carefully
If unconscious check abc
If bleeding apply pressure to prevent haemorrhage
If moving the animal use a stretcher

5

What are the symptoms of poisoning?

Diarrhoea
Sickness
Depression
Convulsions
Weakness
Pain
Salivation

6

What common household items can poison your pet?

Antifreeze
Cleaning products (bleach)
Insecticides
Rat poison
Chocolate, onion, grapes, raisins
Lilies, mistletoe, aloe
Aspirin

7

Symptoms your animal is having a heatstroke

Vomiting
Collapse
High body temperature
Rapid or laboured breathing

8

What to do if your animal is having a heatstroke

Move animal to the shade
DONT dowse the animal with cold water as this will cause the animal to go into shock which can kill the animal
Cool the inside of the legs and belly
Get animal to vet

9

What are early signs of shock

Weak but rapid heart rate
Bright red gums
Shallow breathing
Gums will then turn grey/blue
Pulse will become weak
Animal will become lethargic

10

What should you do when your animal is in shock

If bleeding, prevent further blood loss
Keep animal warm
Monitor vital signs
Ring a vet

11

What to do in an animal attack?

Ensure own safety first
Don't break a fight up with your hands
Approach animal calmly and slowly
Restrain animal so you can health check
Clean wounds with saline
Use clean padding and apply pressure to stem bleeding
Take animal to vet if needing stitches