Flashcards in First Catechism (Abigail) Deck (71):
1. Who made you?
2. What else did God make?
God made all things.
3. Why did God made you and all things?
For his own glory.
4. Why are you to glorify God?
Because he made me and takes care of me.
6. Is there more than one true God?
No. There is only one true God.
7. In how many persons does this one God exist?
8. Name these persons.
In three persons.
The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.
What is God?
God is a Spirit and does not have a body like men.
Where is God?
God is everywhere.
Can you see God.
No. I cannot see God, but he always sees me.
Does God know all things?
Yes. Nothing can be hidden from God.
Can God do all things?
Yes. God can do all his holy will.
Where do you learn how to love and obey God?
In the Bible alone.
Who wrote the Bible?
Chosen men you were inspired by the Holy Spirit.
Who were our first parents?
Adam and Eve.
How did God create man?
God created man, male and female, after his own image.
Of what were our first parents made?
God made Adam's body out of the ground, and Eve's body out of a rib from Adam.
What else did God give Adam and Eve besides bodies?
He gave them souls that will last forever.
Do you have a soul as well as a body?
Yes. I my soul is going to last forever.
How do you know your soul will last forever?
Because the Bible tells me so.
In what condition did God make Adam and Eve?
(What were Adam and Eve like when God made them?)
He made them holy and happy.
What covenant did God make with Adam?
The covenant of life (or of works).
What is a covenant?
A relationship that God establishes with us and guarantees by his word.
In the covenant of life, what did God require Adam to do?
To obey God perfectly.
What did God promise in the covenant of life?
To reward Adam with life if he obeyed God perfectly.
What did God threaten in the covenant of life?
To punish Adam with death if he disobeyed God.
Did Adam keep the covenant of life?
No. He sinned against God.
What is sin?
Sin is any lack of conformity to, or transgression of, the law of God.
What is meant by lack of conformity?
No being or doing what God requires.
What is meant by transgression?
Doing what God forbids.
What does every sin deserve?
The wrath and curse of God.
What was the sin of our first parents?
Eating the forbidden fruit.
Who tempted Adam and Eve to this sin?
Satan tempted Eve first and then he used her to tempt Adam.
How did Adam and Eve change when they sinned?
Instead of being holy and happy, they became sinful and miserable.
Did Adam act for himself alone in the covenant of life?
No. He represented the whole human race.
What effect did the sin of Adam have on you and all people?
We are all born guilty and sinful.
How sinful are you by nature?
I am corrupt in every part of my being.
What is the sinful nature that we inherit from Adam called?
Can anyone go to heaven with this sinful nature?
No. Our hearts must be changed before we can believe in Jesus and go to heaven.
What is this change of heart called?
The new birth, or regeneration.
Who can change a sinner's heart?
The Holy Spirit alone.
Can anyone be saved through the covenant of life?
No. No one can be saved through the covenant of life.
Why can't anyone be saved through the covenant of life?
Because all have broken it and are condemned by it.
How did you break the covenant of life?
Adam represented all people, and so I fell with Adam in his first sin.
How, then, can you be saved?
By the Lord Jesus Christ through the covenant of grace.
Whom did Christ represent in the covenant of grace?
His elect people.
How did Christ fulfill the covenant of grace?
Christ obeyed the whole law for his people, and then suffered the punishment due for their sins.
Did Jesus ever sin?
No. He lived a sinless life.
5. How can you glorify God?
By loving him and doing what he commands.
How could Christ suffer?
Christ, the Son of God, became a man so that he could obey and suffer in our place.
For whom did Christ obey and suffer?
For all whom God the Father gave to Christ.
What kind of life did Christ live on earth?
A life of obedience, service, and suffering.
What kind of death did Jesus die?
The painful and shameful death of the cross.
What is meant by atonement?
Christ satisfied God's justice by his suffering and death as a substitute for sinners.
What does God the Father guarantee in the covenant of grace?
To justify and sanctify all those for whom Christ died.
How does God justify you?
(What is justification?)
God forgives all my sins and accepts me as righteous through Christ.
(God forgiving all my sins and declaring me to be righteous.)
How does God sanctify you?
(What is sanctification? What are the two parts of sanctification?)
God makes me more and more holy in heart and conduct.
(Sanctification is God making me holy in heart and behavior. Dying to sin and living to righteousness.)
What must you do to be saved?
I must repent of my sin and believe in Christ as my Savior.
How do you repent of your sin?
I must be sorry for my sin, and hate and forsake it.
Why must you hate and forsake your sin?
Because sin displeases God.
What does it mean to believe in Christ? (What is this called)
To trust in Christ alone for my salvation. (Faith)
Can you repent and believe in Christ by your own power?
No. I cannot repent and believe unless the Holy Spirit changed my heart.
How can you get the help of the Holy Spirit?
God has told us to pray for the Holy Spirit's help.
How long ago did Christ die?
About two thousand years ago.
How were sinners saved before Christ came?
By believing in the promised Messiah.
Before Christ came, how did believers show their faith?
By offering sacrifices God required.
What did these sacrifices represent?
Christ, the Lamb of God, would come to die for sinners.
68. How many offices does Christ fulfill as Messiah?
69. What are the offices that Christ fulfills?
Christ fulfills three offices.
The offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king.
70. How is Christ your prophet?
73. Why do you need Christ as your prophet?
Christ teaches me the will of God.
Because I am ignorant by nature.
71. How is Christ your priest?
74. Why do you need Christ as your priest?
Christ died for my sins, and continues to pray for me.
(WSC: in his one offering up himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice and reconcile us to God and in making continual intercession for us.)
Because I am guilty of breaking God's law.
72. How is Christ your king?
75. Why do you need Christ as your king?
Christ rules over me, the world and Satan, and he defends me.
Because I am weak and helpless.