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Flashcards in Fish Deck (29):
0

Why do you do partial water quadrants?

To remove nitrate

1

How often do you clean gravel?

Every1-2 months

2

How much light should be given to a fish?

12 hours

3

What are four important things in an aquarium?

Removal of debris, soluble toxins and heating and oxygenation

4

What are three sources of particulate matter?

Excess food, plant material, dead fish

5

What happens when matter decomposes in the tank?2

Produces toxins and changes water pH

6

What Are three types of filters that can remove particulate debris?

Under gravel filter, in tank filter, out of tank filter

7

What are three things Antonia is excreted?

Feces, urine, gills

8

What is ammonia derived from?

Decomposing food

9

What eliminates ammonia?

Bacteria

10

What bacteria turns ammonia to nitrate?

Nitrosominas spp

11

What bacteria turns nitrite to nitrate?

Nitrobacter spp

12

What is new tank syndrome?2

No nitrifying bacteria in tank, must seed tank and let sit for 24 hours

13

What are four ways oxygen can be added to water?

air pumps, water pumps, out of tank filters, in tank filters

14

What temp do fresh water fish require?

75-80 F

15

How much light do fish need?

12 hours a day

16

What kind of light do fish need?

Wide spectrum fluorescent light bulb

17

Why do fish need partial water changes?

Necessary to remove accumulated nitrates H+

18

How much water need to be removed every other week?

25%

19

How much water needs to be removed every 4-6 weeks?

10-30%

20

What needs to be removed from tap water before added to tank?

Chlorine

21

What can be used to remove chlorine? 2

Water conditioner or activated charcoal filter

22

How long must water sit before being added to the tank?

24 hours

23

How often should aquarium gravel be cleaned?

1-2 months

24

How often should the water filter be changed?

Once a month

25

What are three things to keep in mind when choosing a fish?

Comparability
Multiple
Swim at different depths

26

What is the most popular fish food?

Prepared commercial food

27

What are five things fish can eat?

Earthworms, brine shrimp, fruit flies, beef heart, liver

28

How often do fish need to get fed?

1-2 times a day for 5-10 min all they can eat