Flaw Definitions #1 Choosing the right definition Flashcards Preview

Thinking Skills > Flaw Definitions #1 Choosing the right definition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Flaw Definitions #1 Choosing the right definition Deck (19):

Claiming the argument is flawed by pointing out that the one making the argument is not acting consistently with the claims of the argument


Tu Quoque or Appeal to ignorance?

Tu quoque


Attacking an argument that was not presented by the opponent


 Generalization or Straw Man?

Straw Man


An arguer attempts to evoke feelings such as compassion, when such feelings are not logically relevant to the arguer’s conclusion.


Appeal to pity or slippery slope?

Appeal to pity


Insisting that a claim is true simply because an expert on the issue said it was true, without any other supporting evidence offered.


Conflation or appeal to authority

Appeal to authority


When only two choices are presented yet more exist, or a spectrum of possible choices exists between two extremes.


Restricting the options or inconsistency?

Restricting the options


When it is assumed that because one thing occurred after another, it must have occurred as a result of it


Post hoc fallacy or appeal to tradition?

Post hoc fallacy


This fallacy is committed when a term is used in two or more different senses within a single argument.


Ad hominem or equivocation?



When an comparison is used to prove or disprove an argument, but it is too dissimilar to be effective


Flawed Analogy or equivocation?

Flawed analogy


Attacking the person making the argument, rather than the argument itself, when the attack on the person is completely irrelevant to the argument the person is making.


Ad hominem or flawed analogy?

Ad hominem


Using the ways things have been done before as a reason to continue doing them that way.


Post hoc fallacy or appeal to tradition?

Appeal to tradition


Two or more propositions are asserted that cannot both possibly be true.


Inconsistency or restricting the options? 



Treating two differing things as they were the same.


Tu quoque or conflation?



When a relatively insignificant first event is suggested to lead to a more significant event, which in turn leads to a more significant event, and so on.


Slippery slope or straw man?

Slippery slope


Drawing a conclusion based on a small sample size, rather than looking at statistics that are much more in line with the typical or average situation.


Post hoc fallacy or hasty generalization?

(Hasty) generalization


Claiming something must be true just because there is no proof it is false.


Appeal to ignorance or straw man?

Appeal to ignorance


This is when a conclusion or statement does not logically follow from the previous argument or statement.


Non-sequitur or equivocation?




There is a problem with the examples - they are irrelevant, weak or not supported by reasoning. 


Limited / weak examples or inconsistency? 

Limited or weak examples.


The person arguing begins with the what they are trying to end with. That is, the reason and the conclusion are basically the same. These arguments assume what they are trying to prove. 


Appeal to tradition or circular argument?

Circular argument. 


Here, the conclusion or judgement is exaggerated. This could be throught the use of an unsuitable qualifer. 


Overdrawn conclusion or slippery slope? 

Overdrawn conclusion.