Flipped Vocab: Ch 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Flipped Vocab: Ch 1 Deck (17):
1

old stone age dated 30,000-9000 BCE

Paleolithic

2

middle stone age dated 9000-7000 BCE

Mesolithic

3

new stone age dated 8000-2300 BCE

Neolithic

4

a method of measuring an object’s radioactive half-life to determine its age, pioneered by Willard Libby

Carbon-14 dating

5

comparison of characteristics between two or more objects or artifacts that are somewhat similar in order to diagnose the style

diagnostics of style

6

method of dating artifacts based upon dating the organic material contained in the strata associated with those artifacts

stratum dating

7

an attempt to understand or exert influence over natural forces by means of a crude cause and effect activity (e.g, to cause fertility, a figure is crafted of a fecund human, typically a female to effect actual childbirth)

sympathetic magic

8

a convention of representation in which part of an animal is seen in profile and another part of the same figure frontally

twisted perspective

9

figures projecting from a background of which they are a part

relief sculpture

10

location of the presumably oldest known cave paintings, found in the Ardéche region of France and discovered by Jean-Marie Chauvet and his companions December 24, 1994

Chauvet Cave

11

1. overlapping of animals
2. animals in profile and running or standing
3. renderings are naturalistic, despite no handy models to imitate
4. art depicts subsistence animals primarily but not exclusively
5. few humans are depicted
6. shape of a rock may suggest an animal to the creator
7. animals are depicted in twisted perspective

Community of concepts for Paleolithic art

12

1. systemic agriculture
2. government/rule of law
3. formal religion
4. writing
5. measurement/calculation
6. ceramic and metal object production
7. specialized division of labor

Civilization characteristics

13

like twisted perspective but associated with the human form, mixing frontal and profile perspectives in order to depict body parts in their most recognizable forms. (aka: conceptual representation)

composite view

14

a ring of monumental stones

cromlech

15

of post and lintel construction

trabeated

16

megalithic stones arranged in a circle, often surrounded by a ditch

henge

17

a megalithic structure consisting of two upright stones and a third across the top as a lintel.

trilithon