Flipped Vocab: Test 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Flipped Vocab: Test 1 Deck (42):
1

location of the presumably oldest known cave paintings, found in the Ardéche region of France and discovered by Jean-Marie Chauvet and his companions December 24, 1994

Chauvet Cave

1

a ring of monumental stones

cromlech

1

of post and lintel construction

trabeated

1

“front” side of an object, typically a page or a relief

recto

1

carefully and regularly shaped masonry stones

ashlar

2

a megalithic structure consisting of two upright stones and a third across the top as a lintel.

trilithon

3

monumental platform upon which a temple is built, typically made of mud brick

ziggurat

4

new stone age dated 8000-2300 BCE

Neolithic

6

guardian figure in the form of a human-headed bull or lion with wings

lamassu

6

Egyptian for “life force”

ka

7

1. overlapping of animals
2. animals in profile and running or standing
3. renderings are naturalistic, despite no handy models to imitate
4. art depicts subsistence animals primarily but not exclusively
5. few humans are depicted
6. shape of a rock may suggest an animal to the creator
7. animals are depicted in twisted perspective

Community of concepts for Paleolithic art

9

portraying humans and objects from a fixed vantage point or orientation of the viewer

optical representation

10

Greek for “flesh eater”, an elaborate coffin

sarcophagus

11

figures projecting from a background of which they are a part

relief sculpture

12

1. systemic agriculture
2. government/rule of law
3. formal religion
4. writing
5. measurement/calculation
6. ceramic and metal object production
7. specialized division of labor

Civilization characteristics

12

pleated cloth headdress worn by pharaohs that covers the head and drapes over the chest

nemes

12

a scroll containing some 200 spells interred with the mummy to protect the ka in the next life. The title is better translated as “the book of going forth by day”

Book of the Dead

14

fenestrated level of a building rising above the roofs of adjacent parts

clerestory

16

like twisted perspective but associated with the human form, mixing frontal and profile perspectives in order to depict body parts in their most recognizable forms. (aka: composite view)

conceptual representation

18

megalithic stones arranged in a circle, often surrounded by a ditch

henge

20

comparison of characteristics between two or more objects or artifacts that are somewhat similar in order to diagnose the style

diagnostics of style

21

a baseline on which figures appear to stand

ground line

22

old stone age dated 30,000-9000 BCE

Paleolithic

22

a statue of the deceased placed in the tomb to serve as an alternate abode for the ka should the mummy fail to survive

ka statue

23

an attempt to understand or exert influence over natural forces by means of a crude cause and effect activity (e.g, to cause fertility, a figure is crafted of a fecund human, typically a female to effect actual childbirth)

sympathetic magic

23

Arabic word for “bench”, rectangular structure with sloping sides erected over a tomb shaft

mastaba

25

middle stone age dated 9000-7000 BCE

Mesolithic

26

painted in two or more colors

polychromed

28

a long, irregular ridge with a sharp crest sited between two round-bottomed troughs carved out by wind erosion in a desert region

yardang

29

presentation of the most significant figure in a composition on a larger scale than surrounding figures

hieratic/hierarchical proportions

30

an oval with a horizontal line at one end, signaling that the name it contains is royal

cartouche

31

an enclosed chamber usually of a sanctuary or temple

cella

32

“back” or reverse side of an object, typically a page or a relief

verso

33

a method of measuring an object’s radioactive half-life to determine its age, pioneered by Willard Libby

Carbon-14 dating

34

Greek word meaning “sacred writing”, refers to Egyptian writing using symbols or pictures

hieroglyph

35

carved stone slab for marking graves or commemorating historical events

stele/stela

36

an arcade having no real openings, used to decorate a wall’s surface

blind arcade

37

method of dating artifacts based upon dating the organic material contained in the strata associated with those artifacts

stratum dating

39

Greek for “city of the dead”, refers to cemeteries and burial spaces

necropolis

40

like twisted perspective but associated with the human form, mixing frontal and profile perspectives in order to depict body parts in their most recognizable forms. (aka: conceptual representation)

composite view

41

a hall with a roof supported by columns

hypostyle hall

42

a convention of representation in which part of an animal is seen in profile and another part of the same figure frontally

twisted perspective