Floods, rivers, etc. Flashcards Preview

Geography - Loraine > Floods, rivers, etc. > Flashcards

Flashcards in Floods, rivers, etc. Deck (22):
1

Hydrological cycle

The movement of water between the air, land and sea

2

Evaporation

When water is heated and turns from a liquid to a gas

3

Condensation

The process which forms clouds, water changes from a gas to a liquid

4

Precipitation

Any form of water that falls from a cloud e.g. rain, hail, snow

5

Drainage basin

The area of land drained by a river

6

Interception

When trees catch water before it hits the ground/enters the river

7

Surface storage

Water that is stored on the surface e.g. lake, puddle

8

Inflitration

When water moves from the surface of the ground to the soil

9

Soil moisture

The water that is held in the spaces between soil particles

10

Percolation

The slow movement of water from small pores in the soil or permeable rock

11

Transpiration

When water is absorbed through the plants' roots and is released through pores in the plants' leaves. Like evaporation, but off plants

12

Ground water

Water which is stored in the rock underground

13

Groundwater flow

The movement of water sideways through the soil.

14

Through flow

When water flows through the soil

15

Surface run off

When water flows over the surface e.g. a stream of water

16

Permeable rock

Rock which will let the water pass through it

17

Impermeable rock

Rocks which will not let water pass through it

18

Channel

The river flows within this

19

Source

The start of the river

20

Mouth

The end of the river where it meets the sea

21

Confluence

The point where two rivers meet

22

Tributary

A smaller river which meets the main one