Fluid/Electrolyte/Acid-Base Balance Flashcards Preview

Adult Health Nursing I > Fluid/Electrolyte/Acid-Base Balance > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fluid/Electrolyte/Acid-Base Balance Deck (14)
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1

Hyponatremia
(Fluid and dietary management)

Fluids and foods high in sodium
Fluids are often restricted if pt has fluid overload

2

What are the main priorities for someone with hyponatremia?

Restoring sodium and water balance;
Preventing cerebral edema

3

NANDA Diagnoses for patient with Hyponatremia

Risk for: Imbalanced fluid volume, ineffective cerebral tissue perfusion

4

Serum sodium level for patient with hypernatremia

Greater than 145 mEq/L

5

Cause of Hypernatremia

Excessive water loss
Excessive sodium intake

6

Manifestations of patient with hypernatremia

Thirst,
Altered neurologic function
Can progress to seizures, coma, and death

7

Diagnosis of hypernatremia

Serum sodium and osmolality

8

Medications to treat hypernatremia

Oral, enteral, or IV fluid replacement

9

Normal Level
Potassium

3.5-5.3 mEq/L

10

Functions of Potassium

Nerve Impulses;
Cardiac Rhythms;
Muscle contractions

11

What does potassium regulate

Sodium-potassium pump
Kidneys and aldosterone

12

Hypokalemia
Definition

Low serum potassium

13

Serum potassium level
Hypokalemia

Less than 3.5 mEq/L

14

Manifestations of Hypokalemia

Nausea & Vomiting;
Muscle weakness;
Cramps; Decreased cardiac output;
Polyuria