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Flashcards in Fluids Deck (25):
1

what fluid to give if hyponatremic

Normal saline .9%

2

what fluid to give when pt is in shock

Normal saline .9%

3

what fluid to give in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis

Normal saline .9%

4

What fluid to give for blood transfusions

Normal saline .9%

5

what fluid to give for resuscitation

Normal saline .9%

6

what fluid to give in metabolic alkalosis

Normal saline .9%

7

what fluid to give in hypercalcemia

Normal saline .9%

8

What fluid increases circulating plasma volume when rbcs are adequate

Normal saline .9%

9

When not to give NS

in heart failure patients, edema, or hypernatremia bc nss replaces extracellular fluid and can lead to fluid overload

10

what fluid to give as water replacement

1/2 normal saline .45% NaCl in water

11

Is normal .9% ns hypotonic, hyper, or isotonic

isotonic

12

is 1/2 ns hypotonic, hyper, or isotonic

hypotonic

13

what fluid do you give to raise total fluid voulme

1/2 normal saline .45%

14

what fluid to give pt before dextrose infusion

1/2 normal saline .45%

15

what fluid to give pt when there is hypertonic dehydration

1/2 normal saline .45%

16

what fluid to give when there is sodium and chloride depletion

1/2 normal saline .45%

17

what fluid to give when there is gastric fluid loss from nasogastric suctioning or vomiting

1/2 normal saline .45%

18

What patients do you not want to use 1/2 normal saline .45% with

pts w liver disease, trauma, or burns

19

What fluid is useful for daily maintenance of body fluid

1/2 normal saline .45%

20

what fluid is helpful for establishing renal function

1/2 normal saline .45%

21

what fluid replacement for clients who don't need extra glucose

1/2 normal saline .45%

22

what are the 3 types of iv fluid

volume resuscitation
maintenance fluid
free water

23

what fluids do you give for volume resuscitation

lactated ringers or normal saline

24

what situations do you give volume resuscitation iv?

septic shock and hemorrhagic shock

25

how to calculate how much maintenance fluids a patient needs

4-2-1 rule
Calculate pt kg
4 cc per first 10 kg, 2 cc per 2nd 10kg, and 1 cc for remaining kg
per hour