F.O. CLASS #7 - Week of 11/4/18 FFP – MD's Sec. 7 (Low Rise FPMD's) & Add's, T.B. – Basic Emergency 3 & Fires 1 - 6, ERP –Add #4 (Radiological Ops), Eng Ops #1 – 4 Flashcards Preview

Fire Officer Fall 2018 > F.O. CLASS #7 - Week of 11/4/18 FFP – MD's Sec. 7 (Low Rise FPMD's) & Add's, T.B. – Basic Emergency 3 & Fires 1 - 6, ERP –Add #4 (Radiological Ops), Eng Ops #1 – 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in F.O. CLASS #7 - Week of 11/4/18 FFP – MD's Sec. 7 (Low Rise FPMD's) & Add's, T.B. – Basic Emergency 3 & Fires 1 - 6, ERP –Add #4 (Radiological Ops), Eng Ops #1 – 4 Deck (67)
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1

PART I – FFP- MD'S LOW RISE FIREPROOF MULTIPLE DWELLINGS
1. There are several different types of Low Rise Fireproof Multiple Dwellings (LRFPMDs). They can be isolated or attached, or may be built as one building with two separate sections, separated by fire doors on each floor. Which type is incorrectly described? (Sec. 7.5.1, 7.5.2, 7.5.3, 7.5.4)
(A) Buildings that are attached to a similar building, but separated by a fireproof wall usually contain one stairway from the first floor to the roof.
(B) Individual buildings built with two separate sections, each containing a single open stairway. These sections are separated by fire doors.
(C) Isolated buildings with no adjoining building usually contain two enclosed stairways. The enclosed stairways are found remote from each other.
(D) Most isolated buildings are built with a single open, exterior stairway.

1. D

 Isolated structures with no adjoining building usually contain two enclosed stairways. The enclosed stairs are found remote from each other and roof access is generally via the enclosed evacuation stairway.

2

2. Which unit operated incorrectly at a fire on the top floor of a 7 story LRFPMD? (7.2.2)
(A) Ladder 100, the first arriving Ladder Company, used the stairs to access the fire floor.
(B) Due to the location of the fire floor, Ladder 100 did not recall the elevators.
(C) Ladder 200, the 2nd arriving Ladder company, ensured that all elevators were recalled and searched
(D) Battalion 60, the first assigned Chief, ensured that all the elevators were recalled and searched early in the operation.

2. B

3

3. Due to most LRFPMDs not being equipped with standpipe systems, hoselines are usually hand stretched from a pumper. When can 1 ¾” hose be stretched, assuming it is compatible with fire conditions? (Sec. 7.6.1, 7.6.2, 7.6.3, 7.6.4)
(A) If some apartment doors, including the fire apartment, are within 50’ of every stairway on that floor.
(B) If every apartment door is within 50’ of a stairway on that floor.
(C) If every apartment door is within 50’ of every stairway on that floor.
(D) When approved by the Battalion Commander.

3. C

7.6.1 Fires in LRFPMDs may be extinguished using 1¾” or 2½” hose, hand stretched from a pumper depending on the hallway length.
7.6.2 If the hallways in these structures are small, that is, every apartment door is within 50’ of every stairway on that floor, then 1¾” hose can be stretched from
the pumper when compatible with fire conditions.
7.6.3 However, if a LRFPMD has long hallways, that is, any apartment door is more than 50’ from any stairway on that floor, then the additional GPM available from
2½” hose may be needed and 2½” hose should be hand stretched from the pumper.
7.6.4 Division Commanders shall ensure that non-standpipe buildings where 1¾” hose may be used are entered into CIDS.

4

4. The Officer and Forcible Entry team of Ladder 421, the first arriving Ladder Company at a fire on the 3rd floor of a 6 story LRFPMD with small public hallways, took several actions. Which one was correct? (Sec. 7.5.5, 7.7.1)
(A) The search rope was included in the required tools brought to the fire floor.
(B) After proceeding to the fire floor, the Officer notified the IC that there were two enclosed stairways. The Officer then notified the IC and Engine Officer of the designation of the attack stairway.
(C) After forcing entry into the fire apartment, the Officer ordered the Forcible Entry FF to stay outside the door with the door closed but not locked to maintain control of the door.
(D) Upon entering the apartment, the Officer immediately chocked the door open to enable a quick escape in case of window failure.

4. B

7.7.1 Officer and Forcible Entry Team
Tools: Extinguisher, hook, axe or maul, Halligan, Hydra-Ram, SCBAs, carbon monoxide meter, TIC.

 Control of the fire apartment door can be accomplished by positioning one member inside the door with door closed, but not locked. The door can be ajar with the dead bolt extended, preventing door from
completely closing.

Do not chock the door open until a charged hoseline is
moving into the apartment.

5

5. Normally the LCC and OV Firefighter of the 1st arriving Ladder Company will team up to operate at a fire in a LRFPMD. In which choice did they operate incorrectly for a fire on the 4th floor of a 7 story LRFPMD? (Sec. 7.2.2)
(A) The OV FF took a Halligan and Halligan Hook. The LCC took a Halligan and Axe.
(B) The members split up to conduct an outside survey, with each member surveying the building from an opposite direction.
(C) Upon noticing an occupant of the fire apartment trapped at a window, they notified their Officer and immediately proceeded to the roof to assist in a LSR rescue because the 4th floor of LRFPMDs cannot be reached with a portable ladder.
(D) Prior to venting any windows in the fire apartment, they requested and received approval from their Officer.

5. C

B. Often the 4th floor can be reached with a 35’ portable ladder. If the fire floor can be laddered, assist the 1st ladder in outside operations, performing VEIS from the exterior.

6

6. The LCC and OV FF of the 1st arriving Ladder Company must be aware of several situations that require them to operate in a certain manner. Choose the incorrect choice concerning LCC/OV FF operations. (Sec. 7.7.2)
(A) If no outside operations are possible, the OV/LCC team shall proceed to the fire floor to team up with their Officer and assist in the search of the fire floor hallway and fire apartment.
(B) When the 2nd ladder company is delayed and not on scene, the Officer may order this team to the apartment directly above the fire to provide horizontal vent from above if needed in the fire apartment.
(C) When the 2nd ladder company is delayed and not on scene, the Officer may order this team to the apartment directly above the fire to provide assistance from above in determining the fire apartment layout.
(D) At isolated buildings where there is only one interior stair and no adjoining building, the LCC will have to provide access for the Roof FF. In this situation, the OV must wait until the LCC joins them before initiating the OV/LCC tactics.

6. D

Note: Special Situation:
There are a few isolated buildings that exist where there is only one open interior stairway to the roof, and the roof cannot be accessed via aerial or tower ladder. In this situation, a decision must be made by the company officer as to whether or not roof ventilation is required. If the stairway is not an IDLH and safety permits, the Roof Firefighter may be ordered to
take the interior stair to the roof, provided that the fire apartment door is controlled and maintained closed by the ladder company officer. If the stairway is an IDLH, then the Roof Firefighter must be teamed up with
another member before ascending to the roof. In either case, the fire apartment door must be maintained closed until the Roof Firefighter has communicated to their Officer that they are on the roof in a safe area, and
that the bulkhead door is closed. If ordered by the IC, provide ventilation of the stairway bulkhead. The Roof Firefighter will remain on the roof until the fire is under control and the interior stairway is safe to descend.

7

7. FF Blue operated as the 1st Roof FF at a fire on the 5th floor of a 7 story LRFPMD. FF Blue was correct when she? (Sec. 7.7.3)
(A) Took a Halligan hook, Halligan, Life Saving Rope, and Life Belt.
(B) Proceeded to the apartment directly above the fire apartment.
(C) Proceeded to the roof and requested permission from the IC prior to opening the bulkhead door to check the stair for occupants, before closing the door upon completion.
(D) Provided ventilation of the attack stairway bulkhead when ordered by her Officer.

7. A

7.7.3 Roof Firefighter
Tools: Halligan hook, Halligan, LSR and Life Belt.
Duties:
A. Proceed to the roof to:
 Check the perimeter of the building for:
1. Fire and conditions;
2. Trapped occupants at windows;
3. Evidence of anyone who might have jumped from a window.
4. Provide exterior ventilation when ordered.
 Notify the IC of the possible need for a LSR rescue when necessary.
 Check the bulkhead stair for occupants and close bulkhead door when
done.
 Provide ventilation of the attack stairway bulkhead when ordered by the IC.
Note: While roof ventilation is emphasized in LRFPMDs, it must not occur until ordered by the IC.

8

8. Which choice shows the priority order for roof access at a LRFPMD in an attached building? (Sec. 7.7.3 B)
(1) Aerial or Tower Ladder
(2) An enclosed Evacuation Stairway
(3) An enclosed Attack Stairway
(4) Stairway in an attached adjoining building

(A) 2, 3, 4, 1
(B) 4, 2, 1
(C) 4, 2, 1, 3
(D) 1, 2, 4

8. B

B. Roof Access will be obtained using the following priority order:
1. Stairway in an attached adjoining building. In an individual building with two separate sections protected by fire doors, the use of a protected adjoining section is the priority. In this situation,
these doors must be checked on the fire floor and the floors above
to ensure that they are in the closed position.
2. An enclosed evacuation stairway.
3. Aerial Ladder or Tower Ladder.

9

9. Which choice is correct concerning the priority order of roof access at a LRFPMD in an individual building with two separate sections protected by fire doors? (Sec. 7.7.3 B)
(1) An enclosed Attack Stairway.
(2) Aerial or Tower Ladder
(3) Using the protected adjoining section of the building.
(4) An enclosed Evacuation Stairway.
(A) 3, 2, 1
(B) 2, 3, 4
(C) 3, 4, 2, 1
(D) 3, 4, 2

9. D

B. Roof Access will be obtained using the following priority order:
1. Stairway in an attached adjoining building. In an individual building with two separate sections protected by fire doors, the use of a protected adjoining section is the priority. In this situation,
these doors must be checked on the fire floor and the floors above to ensure that they are in the closed position.
2. An enclosed evacuation stairway.
3. Aerial Ladder or Tower Ladder.

10

10. Ladder 300 is the 1st arriving Ladder Company at a fire on the 2nd floor of a 7 story LRFPMD. The building is an isolated building with only one open stairway, and the Aerial ladder cannot be used to access the roof due to large trees surrounding the building that block access. The Officer of Ladder 300 orders the Roof FF to take the interior stair to the roof. Which choice is correct concerning this operation? (Sec. 7.7.3)
(A) This tactic is not permissible unless the stairway is not an IDLH.
(B) The Company Officer cannot make this decision. Permission to perform this operation can only be granted by the IC.
(C) This can be performed, as long as the door to the fire apartment is maintained closed by a member of the Forcible Entry team until the Roof FF has communicated to their Officer that they are on the roof in a safe area, and that the bulkhead door is closed.
(D) If the Roof FF gains access to the roof using this method, they must remain on the roof until the fire is under control and the interior stairway is safe to descend.

10. D

In either case, the fire apartment door must be maintained closed until the Roof Firefighter has
communicated to their Officer that they are on the roof in a safe area, and that the bulkhead door is closed. If ordered by the IC, provide ventilation of the stairway bulkhead. The Roof Firefighter will remain on the roof
until the fire is under control and the interior stairway is safe to descend.

11

11. At a fire in a LRFPMD, the 2nd arriving Ladder Company Officer and Forcible Entry team have many tasks to accomplish. Which is not one of them? (7.8.1)
(A) Always include the KO Curtain in its complement of tools.
(B) Search all floors and stairs above the fire floor.
(C) Proceed to the floor above the fire and force entry into the apartment directly above the fire. If ventilation of the fire apartment is needed from this location, coordinate it with the 1st Ladder Company Officer.
(D) For a top floor fire, coordinate vent, entry and search of the fire floor with the 1st Ladder Company.

11. A

7.8.1 Officer and Forcible Entry Team
Tools: Extinguisher, hook, axe or maul, Halligan, Hydra-Ram, SCBAs, carbon monoxide meter, TIC, KO curtain.

D. Top floor fire:
 Coordinate vent, entry and search of fire floor with first Ladder Company.
 The 2nd ladder Roof FF will bring the KO curtain to the roof.

12

12. Time is usually of the essence when performing a Lifesaving Rope (LSR) Rescue, and requires that members know the proper procedure. Which choice would be incorrect concerning a Lifesaving Rope Rescue in a LRFPMD? (7.11)
(A) Operate from the roof, if practical. The 1st arriving Roof FF must make a determination whether the LSR rescue can be performed from the roof level.
(B) If the IC orders it, early ventilation of the bulkhead can be performed in conjunction with initiating a LSR rescue from the roof.
(C) If the 1st Roof FF determines that a LSR operation is not practical from the roof, and the 2nd Roof FF has not already reached the roof, the 1st Roof FF should immediately direct the 2nd Roof FF to the apartment directly above the fire apartment.
(D) If the 1st Roof FF determines that a LSR operation is not practical from the roof, and there are two enclosed stairs, the 2nd Roof FF may descend the Attack stairway to the apartment directly above the fire apartment.
(E) If the 1st Roof FF determines that a LSR operation is not practical from the roof, and the building has one open interior stairway, the IC may direct members or another unit to bring an available LSR to the apartment directly above the fire apartment.

12. D

 If the 2nd Roof Firefighter has not already reached the roof, the 1st Roof Firefighter should immediately direct that member to the apartment directly above the fire apartment. The 2nd Roof Firefighter shall bring their assigned tools including the LSR to the apartment directly above the fire apartment. In buildings with two enclosed stairs, the 2nd Roof Firefighter may descend
the evacuation stairway to the apartment directly above the fire apartment.

13

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS
13. The key to successfully operating at wind impacted fires in FPMDs depends on recognizing wind impacted fire conditions that may change a seemingly routine fire into a blowtorching fire. Which is not listed as one of the conditions necessary for a wind impacted fire to occur? (Sec. 2.2)
(A) Wind
(B) Fire in an apartment
(C) Failed or opened window on the fire floor
(D) Fire apartment door leading to the public hall left open or not fully closed
(E) An area of low pressure such as on opened stairwell door, or an opened apartment door on the opposite side of the public hallway from the fire apartment.

13. C

2.2 The following five conditions must be present for a wind impacted fire to occur:
1. Wind.
2. Fire in an apartment.
3. Failed or opened window in the fire ROOM.
4. Fire apartment door leading to the public hall left open or not fully closed.
5. An area of low pressure such as an opened stairwell door, or an opened apartment door on the opposite side of the public hallway from the fire apartment.
This characteristic of air movement is known as the Flow Path.
Note # 1: The term Flow Path describes the movement of fire, heat and smoke from an area of high pressure (the fire area) to an area of low pressure (all areas other than the fire area).
Note # 2: The impact of the wind will be affected by the size of the window opening, the fuel load and the stage of the fire when the window failed.

14

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

14. BC QUESTION The Incident Commander has many tactics to consider at a wind impacted fire, and communication is instrumental in ensuring a successful operation. The IC would be incorrect in which choice? (Sec. 2.1, 3.2.2, 4.2.2, 4.5)
(A) When wind impacted fire conditions exist in a FPMD, the IC shall notify the Borough dispatcher so this information can be relayed to all responding units.
(B) The IC must communicate with the Officers on the fire floor to determine interior conditions. The IC must determine if an alternate strategy for extinguishing the fire should be implemented.
(C) Any use of an exterior stream requires communications between the IC and the Ladder Company Officer on the fire floor to ensure that all members on the fire floor are accounted for and in a safe location before the water is applied from the exterior.
(D) The IC must ensure that the Fire Sector Supervisor and/or Units operating in the fire sector acknowledge that an alternate strategy is to be implemented.

14. C

 Communicate with the Fire Sector Supervisor to determine the conditions and recommended tactics.

15

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

15. When responding to a reported fire in a FPMD, an overriding consideration concerning size-up must be wind conditions and its effect on the fire. Which choice concerning wind at these buildings is incorrect? (Sec. 3.2.1, 3.2.2)
(A) The direction and speed at the street level is not a reliable indicator of wind conditions above the street level.
(B) Wind behavior is not consistent or predictable.
(C) It does not take high winds to dramatically increase fire conditions inside the building.
(D) When the fire and smoke pulse outward from a window, the conditions in the interior will subside, which is an indication that the wind has permanently shifted and the interior conditions are improved.
(E) Fire or smoke visible inside the fire apartment that is not venting out of an open or failed window is a potentially dangerous, life threatening condition.

15. D

 It does not take high winds to dramatically increase fire conditions inside the building. When the wind subsides or shifts, pressure will equalize allowing the fire and smoke to vent out the window. This condition has also been described as fire and/or smoke pulsing in and out of a failed or opened window. Members operating in the fire area must be aware that when the fire and smoke pulse outward from the window, the condition in the interior will temporarily subside, giving a false sense that the interior conditions improved. When the wind gusts back into the window the interior conditions will dramatically deteriorate.

16

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

16. Engine 100, Ladder 200, and Battalion 30 are operating at a fire on the 7th floor of a 23 story FPMD. The LCC and OV FF, while conducting an outside survey, notifies members that there appears to be a wind impacted fire. The BC in Battalion 30 notifies Engine 100 and Ladder 200 that an alternate strategy for extinguishing the fire will be implemented. After acknowledging the BC, which thought of the Officers is correct? (Sec. 4.2.1, 4.2.2)
(A) If the KO Curtain is deployed from the 8th floor, the deployment window on the 8th floor must be closed after the deployment of the curtain.
(B) If Tower Ladder 400, the 2nd Due Ladder Company, uses its tower ladder stream they should attempt to hit the base of the fire directly to achieve maximum results.
(C) If Engine 700, the 5th due Engine, is instructed to use a High Rise Nozzle from the 6th floor, they will be ineffective if the fire has extended to multiple rooms, unless they can hit the fire directly for best results.
(D) The use of a High Rise Nozzle will be ineffective if the door to the fire apartment has been left open.

16. A

A tower ladder stream or ladder pipe may also be
effective. Any exterior stream must be directed at the ceiling of the main fire area.

 Exterior stream such as the HRN is very effective in knocking down a wind impacted fire in a multiple dwelling due to the smaller compartmented
areas/rooms.
 Water must be applied to the room where the main body of fire is located to be most effective.
 The stream shall be deflected off the ceiling for best results.
 If fire has extended to multiple rooms the exterior stream may have to be repositioned.

Note: Tests done by the Department concluded that the deployment of the HRN to combat a wind impacted fire greatly improves conditions in the public hallway and inside the apartment when the apartment door has been left open. If members are trapped and a wind impacted fire is preventing their removal, the use of a HRN or an exterior stream may protect members and allow for their safe removal.
(Refer to TB Tools 7 Data Sheet 17, High Rise Nozzle)

17

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

17. A flanking strategy can be used as an offensive tactic to rapidly knock down the fire in a FPMD. Which point concerning a flanking operation is incorrect? (Sec. 4.2.4)
(A) A small opening is made in the adjoining wall to the fire room as close to the exterior wall as possible.
(B) Initially, the hole in the wall should only be large enough for the main stream tip of the nozzle to be placed into the opening.
(C) When the fire apartment door has been left open, and access has been safely obtained to the adjoining apartment, the door to that apartment must remain closed. The hoseline is stretched to this apartment from the apartment below via an exterior window or balcony using a utility rope.
(D) When the fire apartment door is closed, and access has been safely obtained to the adjoining apartment, the door to that apartment must remain closed. The hoseline is stretched to this apartment from the apartment below via an exterior window or balcony using a utility rope.

17. D

B. Flanking attack when the door to the fire apartment is closed:
 Enter an adjoining apartment to apply the hose stream to the fire room or fire apartment via a breached wall adjacent to the fire area, if this adjoining area can be accessed and occupied safely.
 Once access is obtained to the adjoining apartment the hoseline will be stretched via the fire floor public hallway into the adjoining apartment to operate into the fire apartment

18

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

Answer Questions 18 - 21 based on the following:

Engine 12, Ladder 71, and Battalion 55 arrives first due at a fire on the 15th floor of a 20 story HRFPMD. The Division is severely delayed to the fire, and notified Battalion 55 that they will be the IC for an extended period. The window in the fire room is open, and wind is impacting the fire. Upon reaching the 15th floor hallway, the Officer of Ladder 71 determines that the fire apartment door has been left open and the smoke and heat condition in the hallway is due to a wind impacted fire.
18. Which action taken by the Officer of Ladder 71 was correct? (Sec. 5.1)
(A) The Officer and one member of the Forcible Entry team attempted to locate and close the fire apartment door.
(B) The Officer and both members of the Forcible Entry team attempted to locate and close the fire apartment door.
(C) The Officer ensured that all members exited the public hallway immediately, and notified the IC and Engine Officer of conditions.
(D) The Officer immediately ordered Engine 12 to stretch and advance a charged 2 ½” hoseline from the attack stairway to protect the members of Ladder 71 as they located the fire apartment door.

18. C

19

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

Answer Questions 18 - 21 based on the following:

Engine 12, Ladder 71, and Battalion 55 arrives first due at a fire on the 15th floor of a 20 story HRFPMD. The Division is severely delayed to the fire, and notified Battalion 55 that they will be the IC for an extended period. The window in the fire room is open, and wind is impacting the fire. Upon reaching the 15th floor hallway, the Officer of Ladder 71 determines that the fire apartment door has been left open and the smoke and heat condition in the hallway is due to a wind impacted fire.

19. BC QUESTION Battalion 55 orders the 2nd Ladder Company to deploy the KO Curtain from the 16th floor. Which choice correctly indicates a proper procedure after this action? (Sec. 5.1)


(A) After Battalion 55 receives confirmation that the KO Curtain has been deployed over the target window and has been secured in place, the Operations Section Chief can give Ladder 71 approval to enter the hallway.
(B) Battalion 55, as the IC, is the only member on scene who can give approval to enter the public hallway on the 15th floor.
(C) Battalion 55 or the Officer of Ladder 71 can give approval to enter the public hallway on the 15th floor immediately after the KO Curtain is deployed.
(D) Only Battalion 55 or the Fire Sector Supervisor can give approval to enter the public hallway after receiving confirmation that the KO Curtain has been deployed over the target window and secured in place.

19. A

 Approval to enter the public hallway must be given by the IC, Operations Section Chief or Fire Sector Supervisor.

20

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

Answer Questions 18 - 21 based on the following:

Engine 12, Ladder 71, and Battalion 55 arrives first due at a fire on the 15th floor of a 20 story HRFPMD. The Division is severely delayed to the fire, and notified Battalion 55 that they will be the IC for an extended period. The window in the fire room is open, and wind is impacting the fire. Upon reaching the 15th floor hallway, the Officer of Ladder 71 determines that the fire apartment door has been left open and the smoke and heat condition in the hallway is due to a wind impacted fire.

20. Once approval has been granted to enter the public hallway, Ladder 71 and Engine 12 would be incorrect to take which action? (Sec. 5.1)
(A) The Officer of Ladder 71, utilizing the thermal imaging camera, and one member of the forcible entry team entered the public hallway to gain control of the fire apartment door.
(B) One member of the forcible entry team of Ladder 71 remained at the attack stairwell door on the stairwell side of the door with the Officer of Engine 12 to ensure the stairwell door remained closed limiting the flow path.
(C) When the Officer of Ladder 71 gained control of the fire apartment door, Engine 12 advanced a charged hoseline to the fire apartment door.
(D) When the Officer of Ladder 71 gained control of the fire apartment door, the member of the forcible entry team of Ladder 71 who remained at the stairwell door also proceeded to the fire apartment door.
(E) Upon reaching and gaining control of the fire apartment door, the Officer of Ladder 71 communicated with the IC and Fire Sector Supervisor of the conditions found.

20. B

 The other member of the interior team will remain at the attack stairwell door on the hallway side of the door to ensure the stairwell door remains closed limiting
the flow path and to act as a beacon in case members need to evacuate the hallway. The Engine officer shall be responsible for control and coordination on the stairwell side of the door.

21

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

Answer Questions 18 - 21 based on the following:
Engine 12, Ladder 71, and Battalion 55 arrives first due at a fire on the 15th floor of a 20 story HRFPMD. The Division is severely delayed to the fire, and notified Battalion 55 that they will be the IC for an extended period. The window in the fire room is open, and wind is impacting the fire. Upon reaching the 15th floor hallway, the Officer of Ladder 71 determines that the fire apartment door has been left open and the smoke and heat condition in the hallway is due to a wind impacted fire.

21. Once the decision has been made to enter the fire apartment, Ladder 71 and Engine 12 took several actions. Which one was incorrect? (Sec. 5.1)
(A) Engine 12 entered the apartment first followed by Ladder 71.
(B) Prior to entering the fire apartment, the Officer of Engine 12 contacted the Roof FF of Ladder 12 and requested the description of the fire apartment, the location of the main body of fire, and the most direct route to the fire area.
(C) Once the hoseline advanced towards the interior fire area as directed by the Officer of Engine 12, the fire apartment door was chocked open.
(D) Prior to entering the fire apartment, the Officer of Ladder 71 contacted the Roof FF of Ladder 12 and requested the description of the fire area, the location of the main body of fire, and the most direct route to the fire area.

21. D
• Prior to entering the fire apartment, to assist the engine company in locating and extinguishing the main body of fire, the Engine Officer shall contact the roof firefighter, or other member operating in the apartment above the fire apartment, and request the following information:
1. Description of fire apartment (e.g., L-shape, 3 bedroom apartment)
2. Location of the main body of fire (e.g., kitchen, bedroom, living room)
3. Most direct route to the fire area (e.g., When you enter the apartment, go in straight 6 feet and make a right down the hallway, the fire room will be the second door on the left approximately 12 feet down.
 Once the hoseline advances towards the interior fire area as directed by the Engine Officer, the fire apartment door shall be chocked open.

22

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

22. Which tactic would be incorrect when the door to the fire apartment is found closed on arrival, window failure has occurred, and reports are received from members operating on the floor above and the exterior that the wind is impacting the fire? (Sec. 5.2)
(A) The IC shall implement the appropriate alternate strategy to gain control of the fire area.
(B) The hoseline must be charged before exiting the attack stairway and proceeding to the fire apartment door.
(C) The door to the fire apartment must remain closed until an alternate strategy has been implemented and the IC receives confirmation that the wind control device has been deployed and secured over the target window or a HRN, Exterior Stream or Flanking strategy has controlled the fire.
(D) After receiving permission from the IC and/or Fire Sector Supervisor to enter the fire apartment, the Engine Company must enter the apartment first.
(E) Prior to entering the fire apartment, the Engine Officer shall contact the Roof FF and request the description of the fire area, the location of the fire, and the most direct route to the fire area

22. B

c. The hoseline can be advanced to that location and charged.

23

ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

Answer Questions 23 - 24 based on the following:

Engine 100, Ladder 200 and Battalion 30 are the first arriving units at a fire on the 14th floor of a 16 story High Rise Fireproof Multiple Dwelling. Window failure has not occurred, but size-up indicates there is a wind condition. Upon arrival at the 14th floor, the Officer of Ladder 200 notes that the hallway is clear and the fire apartment door is closed.

23. BC QUESTION Battalion 30 would be incorrect in which choice? (Sec. 5.3)
(A) Ensured that a Wind Control Device was deployed and secured over the target window prior to granting permission to members to enter the 14th floor hallway.
(B) Assigned a member with a Thermal Imaging Camera to scan the windows of the fire apartment from street level to assist in identifying the target window for deployment of the Wind Control Device.
(C) Ordered the High Rise Nozzle (HRN) to the point of operation on the 13th floor upon its arrival.
(D) Transmitted a 10-77 regardless of the severity of the fire.

23. B

b. Wind Control Device in position above the fire apartment ready for immediate deployment. As a precautionary tactic, the IC may decide to deploy a Wind Control Device over an intact window of the fire room/area.
Note: Where you are unable to determine the target window from the exterior, the TIC may be of assistance. The IC shall assign a member with a TIC to scan the windows of the fire apartment from street level. Scanning of the fire apartment windows with the TIC can assist in identifying the target window for deploying of the WCD. The TIC does not see through clear glass or plastic, but a heated window or window frame may be detected from below.

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ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

Answer Questions 23 - 24 based on the following:

Engine 100, Ladder 200 and Battalion 30 are the first arriving units at a fire on the 14th floor of a 16 story High Rise Fireproof Multiple Dwelling. Window failure has not occurred, but size-up indicates there is a wind condition. Upon arrival at the 14th floor, the Officer of Ladder 200 notes that the hallway is clear and the fire apartment door is closed.

24. The Officer of Ladder 200 operated incorrectly in which choice? (Sec. 5.3)
(A) After receiving a report on exterior conditions from members operating outside the building and the Roof FF operating on the floor above, the Officer of Ladder 200 opened the fire apartment door.
(B) The Officer of Ladder 200 and one member of the Forcible Entry team entered the fire apartment to search while the other member controlled the door from the hallway side.
(C) The door to the fire apartment remained closed until the Officer of Ladder 200 requested the charged hoseline be advanced into the fire apartment.
(D) Once the hoseline advanced towards the interior fire area as directed by the Officer of Ladder 200, the door was chocked open.

24. B

e. The Ladder Officer and one member of the forcible entry team shall enter the fire apartment to perform a search for the interior fire area location while the other
member stays at the fire apartment door inside the apartment making sure the door remains controlled in the closed position, thereby limiting the flow path.

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ADDENDUM 3 – WIND IMPACTED FIRES IN MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

25. When there is a known life hazard in the public hallway of the fire apartment at a wind impacted fire, an incorrect action to take is? (Sec. 5.4.1)
(A) If a decision is made to attempt a rescue, it must be undertaken only after alternate strategies have been implemented.
(B) The IC must be notified prior to any rescue attempt.
(C) The IC shall be notified of the stairway from which operations will take place.
(D) If the open fire apartment door is in close proximity to the known life hazard in the public hall, attempt to close the door.

25. A

5.4.1 When faced with a known life hazard in either the public hallway or the fire apartment, the following actions shall be taken:
a. Notify the IC and all units of the location of the known life hazard.
b. Officers must maintain situational awareness and assess conditions while evaluating the risk vs reward. If a decision is made to attempt a rescue, it may be performed while alternate strategies are being implemented. The IC must be notified prior to any rescue attempt. In addition, the IC shall also be
notified of the stairway from which operations will take place.
c. If the open fire apartment door is found in close proximity to the known life hazard in a public hallway, attempt to close the door. Control of the fireapartment door is critical. Notify the IC if the fire apartment door has been controlled.
d. Members operating in the stairwell shall keep the landing clear to allow for victim removal and/or emergency egress.
e. Notify the IC when the victim is removed.

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ADDENDUM 4 – NYCHA ENTRY AND ELEVATOR MACHINERY ROOM KEYS

26. Which choice is incorrect concerning NYCHA Entry Locks? (Sec. 1.1, 1.3, 1.4, 3.1)
(A) When the key FOB is placed by the reader located on the door frame, a buzzing will be emitted for 7 - 9 seconds. This tone indicates that the electromagnetic lock has been deactivated.
(B) Should the key FOB fail to unlock the door, the door must be forced manually.
(C) Should the building lose electrical power, the electromagnetic lock will deactivate, but the door will remain locked by the crash bar lock. A special key will be required.
(D) The key FOB shall be stored on a secure place in the apparatus cab.

26. B

1.3 To provide easy access and reduce unnecessary damage to NYCHA building entry doors, key FOBs have been issued to all FDNY units. These key FOBs will grant universal access to all NYCHA buildings. Should the key FOB fail to unlock the door, it can be unlocked remotely by NYCHA Security. This can be done by calling the 24 hour NYCHA Emergency number at 212-306-8800, either directly or through the dispatcher. Units can also seek assistance from the building management office at the premise location.

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ADDENDUM 4 – NYCHA ENTRY AND ELEVATOR MACHINERY ROOM KEYS

27. Record keeping is required for NYCHA key FOBS and Elevator Machinery Room keys. Which choice is correct? (Sec. 3.1, 3.2, 3.3)
(A) NYCHA key FOBS and Elevator Machinery Room keys have serial numbers which must be recorded in the Company Journal.
(B) Any unit that forces a NYCHA building entry door or elevator machinery room door must notify the NYCHA via the Borough Dispatcher that a door has been forced, even if the door can be secured. The unit must also forward a report through the chain of command to the Chief of Operations.
(C) If the key FOB or elevator machinery room key is lost or damaged, the Officer shall call Technical Services for replacement.
(D) An FS-112 is required to be submitted for lost or damaged key FOBS or elevator keys.

27. B

2.1 NYCHA Elevator Machinery Room Keys have been issued to all units. These keys are standard issue and do not have serial numbers.

3.1 Each key FOB has an individual serial number assigned to it. This allows NYCHA to track key FOB usage. When an FDNY unit receives the key FOB, the OOD shall record the serial number in the Office Record Journal. The key FOB and elevator machinery room key shall be labeled and stored in a secure place in the apparatus cab.

3.3 If the key FOB or elevator machinery room key is lost or damaged, the OOD shall call the 24 hour NYCHA Emergency number 212-306-8800 to obtain new keys. If the loss or damage involves the key FOB, the serial number must be provided. NYCHA will
deactivate the key FOB and issue a new one. The OOD shall record the particulars in the company journal.

Note: FS-112 is not required for lost or damaged key FOBs or elevator keys.

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PART II – ERP RADIOLOGICAL OPERATIONS
1. The types of ionizing radiation includes alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays and neutron particles. Firefighters should assume the first three types of ionizing radiation are being emitted from the source. Which choice accurately describes the different types of radiation? (Sec. 1.1)
(A) Alpha particles travel 1-2 inches. Shielding from Alpha particles includes intact skin, inches of air or a sheet of paper to protect members from the inhalation hazard.
(B) The hazard of Beta particles is limited to inhalation, and the particles travel only a few inches. Shielding of 1 foot of plastic, aluminum or glass is required for Beta particles.
(C) Gamma rays are a hazard to the whole body, and can travel up to 10 feet. Bunker gear and the SCBA provide suitable protection from Gamma rays.
(D) The hazard of Neutron particles is limited to inhalation, and due to the limited range require only one inch of plastic, aluminum or glass shielding to protect members.

1. A

Beta-Inhalation Penetration beta particles can penetrate skin up to ¼ inch (includes eyes) Up to 10 feet Approximately 1 inch:
 Plastic
 Aluminum
 Glass

Gamma Whole body Several hundred feet
Several inches of:
 Lead
 Concrete
 Steel
Foot of dirt or water

Neutron Whole body Several hundred feet High Hydrogen content material i.e.:
 3 feet water
 1 foot concrete
 10 inches plastic

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2. After you receive a response for a leak in a shipping container containing radiological material, one of your Firefighters approaches you and informs you that she is pregnant and requests to not operate in the Warm or Hot Zone. What would be the proper procedure to take? (Sec. 1.3.4)
(A) Tell the FF that she cannot operate at this incident.
(B) Ensure that the FF only operates in the Cold Zone.
(C) Order the FF to operate in either the Cold Zone or Warm Zone, but not the Hot Zone.
(D) Inform the FF that she can operate in the Cold, Warm or Hot Zone as long as proper
precautions are taken.

2. B

1.3.4 Radiation Exposure to Women
The Fire Department’s policy on managing radiation exposure to pregnant women follows the regulations set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and the guidance of the agencies such as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP), which provide occupational exposure rates for workers. Because of the difficulty in determining radiation exposure during the early stages of a Radiation Emergency and the desire to control exposure to a developing embryo/fetus, women who are declared pregnant or who are pregnant and request to operate outside of the Warm or Hot Zone at the time of an incident may operate only in the Cold Zone.

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3. At a Radiological operation, members must understand the difference between rate and dose. Which transmission made below was correct? (Sec. 1.4, 1.4.1, 1.4.2, 1.4.3, 2)
(A) When the HazMat Co. 1 Officer asked the Officer of Ladder 88 for the rate that his RadALert50 was displaying, he replied “1 millirem” (mR).
(B) The Officer of Ladder 99 notified the Operations Chief that her dosimeter was showing a total dose of 5 Rem.
(C) When the HazMat Battalion Chief asked the Officer of Haz-Mat Technician Engine 100 for the rate reading from his Ludlum meter, he replied “10 Rems”.
(D) When asked what was the normal background radiation rate for the NYC area, the Officer of Engine 200 replied “0.02 to 0.05”.

3. B

1.4.3 Dose-Rate in Relation to Metering Equipment
The Rad50 carried on Department apparatus is calibrated to alarm at 1 mR/hr. The Rad50 is able to measure radiation levels up to 50 mR/hr. This rate is well below the rate at which signs and symptoms of acute radiation exposure is observable. The Ludlum, carried by Haz-Mat Group Units (i.e. HMTU, SSL, Rescue, Special Events Teams), is able to read up to 100 Rem/hr and the SIAC dosimeters and Canberra mini radiacs can read up to 999 Rem/hr.

2. RADIOLOGICAL INCIDENTS OR EMERGENCIES
Every day, people are exposed to radiation from naturally occurring sources and/or man- made sources. These levels of radiation are considered Background Levels of radiation and should not alarm responders when detected by meter. The average annual dose of radiation people receive from background sources (natural background and man-made sources) is approximately 360 mR per year or about 1 mR per day. The normal background radiation rate for the NYC area is 0.02 mR/hr to 0.05 mR/hr (20 R/hr to 50 R/hr).