Foot & Ankle Injury Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Foot & Ankle Injury Deck (15):
1

What is pes planus?

Flat foot - loss of medial arch of the foot

2

What is the most common cause of acquired flatfoot deformity in adults?

Tibialis posterior dysfunction

3

What is a fairly specific finding of tibialis posterior dysfunction?

Pain and swelling posterior to the medial malleolus

4

What is pes cavus?

Fixed plantarflexion of the foot

5

List treatments for plantar fasciitis

NSAIDs
Rest
Splints
Heel cups/arch support
Steroid injection

6

What is hallux valgus?

Tilting of big toe laterally, forming a bony lump medially

7

What are the operative indications for hallux valgus?

Failure of non-op
Pain + infiltration of little toes
Ulceration
Functional/lifestyle limitations

8

List some features of rheumatoid foot

Hallux valgus
Subluxed MTPs
Clawed toes
Painful plantar calluses

9

What is Morton's neuroma?

Degenerative fibrosis of digital nerve near its bifurcation

10

What are the key features of Morton's neuroma?

Forefoot pain
Burning/tingling toes

11

What is the difference between tendinitis and tendinosis?

Tendinitis is inflammation resulting from microtears
Tendinosis is degeneration of collagen from chronic overuse

12

In claw, hammer and mallet toe, what is the main deformity?

Hyperextension

13

In claw toe, which joints are flexed?

PIP
DIP

14

In mallet toe, which joint is flexed?

DIP

15

In hammer toe, which joint is flexed?

PIP